Images of Organization
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Images of Organization


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Leadership | Organization Studies

© 2007 | 520 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
In the twenty years since its first publication, Images of Organization has become a classic in the canon of management literature. The book is based on a very simple premise: that all theories of organization and management are based on implicit images or metaphors that lead us to see, understand, and manage organizations in distinctive yet partial ways. Gareth Morgan provides a rich and comprehensive resource for exploring the complexity of modern organizations internationally: he translates leading-edge theory into leading-edge practice.

New to the Updated Edition: the author has revised all references and updated tables; his new preface situates this classic theory in today's business environment; and instructor's resources to aid classroom teaching are now available on CD-ROM.

Images of Organization challenges and reshapes how we think about organization and management in the most fundamental way. The new Updated Edition makes this monumental work available to a new generation of students and business leaders worldwide.

 
Preface
 
Part I. An Overview
 
Introduction
 
Part II. Some Images of Organization
 
2. Mechanization Takes Command: Organizations as Machines
Machines, Mechanical Thinking, and the Rise of Bureaucratic Organization  
The Origins of Mechanistic Organization  
Classical Management Theory: Designing bureaucratic organizations  
Scientific Management  
Strengths and Limitations of the Machine Metaphor  
 
3. Nature Intervenes: Organizations as Organisms
Discovering Organizational Needs  
Recognizing the Importance of Environment: Organizations as Open Systems  
Contingency Theory: Adapting Organization to Environment  
The Variety of the Species  
Contingency Theory: Promoting Organizational Health and Development  
Natural Selection: The Population-Ecology View of Organizations  
Organizational Ecology: The Creation of Shared Futures  
Strengths and Limitations of the Organismic Metaphor  
 
4. Learning and Self-Organization: Organizations as Brains
Images of the Brain  
Organizations as Information Processing Brains  
Creating Learning Organizations  
Cybernetics, Learning, and Learning to Learn  
Can Organizations Learn to Learn?  
Guidelines for "Learning Organizations"  
Organizations as Holographic Brains  
Principles of Holographic Design  
Strengths and Limitations of the Brain Metaphors  
 
5. Creating Social Realty: Organizations as Cultures
Culture and Organization  
Organization as a Cultural Phenomenon  
Organization and Cultural Context  
Corporate Cultures and Subcultures  
Creating Organizational Reality  
Culture: Rule Following or Enactment?  
Organization: The enactment of a Shared Reality  
Strengths and Limitations of the Cultural Metaphor  
 
6. Interests, Conflict, and Power: Organizations as Political Systems
Organizations as Systems of Government  
Organizations as Systems of Political Activity  
Analyzing Interests  
Understanding Conflict  
Exploring Power  
Managing Pluralist Organizations  
Strengths and Limitations of the Political Metaphor  
 
7. Exploring Plato's Cave: Organizations as Psychic Prisons
The Trap of Favored Ways of Thinking  
Organization and the Unconscious  
Organization and Repressed Sexuality  
Organization and the Patriarchal Family  
Organization, Death, and Immortality  
Organization and Anxiety  
Organization, Dolls, and Teddy Bears  
Organization, Shadow, and Archetype  
The Unconscious: A Creative and Destructive Force  
Strengths and Limitations of the Psychic Prison Metaphor  
 
8. Unfolding Logics of Change: Organization as Flux and Transformation
Autopoiesis: Rethinking Relations With the Environment  
Enactment as a Form of Narcissism: Organizations Interact With Projections of Themselves  
Identity and Closure: Egocentrism Versus Systemic Wisdom  
Shifting "Attractors": The Logic of Chaos and Complexity  
Managing in the Midst of Complexity  
Loops, Not Lines: The Logic of Mutual Causality  
Contradiction and Crisis: The Logic of Dialectical Change  
Dialectical Analysis: How Opposing Forces Drive Change  
The Dialectics of Management  
Strengths and Limitations of the Flux and Transformation Metaphor  
 
9. The Ugly Face: Organizations as Instruments of Domination
Organization as Domination  
How Organizations Use and Exploit Their Employees  
Organization, Class, and Control  
Work Hazards, Occupational Disease, and Industrial Accidents  
Workaholism and Social and Mental Stress  
Organizational Politics and the Radicalized Organization  
Multinationals and the World Economy  
The Multinationals as World Powers  
Multinationals: A Record of Exploitation?  
Strengths and Limitations of the Domination Metaphor  
 
Part III. Implications For Practice
 
10. The Challenge of Metaphor
Metaphors Create Ways of Seeing and Shaping Organizational Life  
Seeing, Thinking, and Acting in New Ways  
 
11. Reading and Shaping Organizational Life
The Multicom Case  
Interpreting Multicom  
Developing and Detailed Reading and "Storyline"  
Multicom From Another View  
"Reading" and Emergent Intelligence  
 
12. Postscript
 
Bibliographic Notes
Introduction  
The Machine Metaphor  
The Organismic Metaphor  
The Brain Metaphor  
The Culture Metaphor  
The Political Metaphor  
The Psychic Prison Metaphor  
The Flux and Transformation Metaphor  
The Domination Metaphor  
The Challenge of Metaphor  
Reading and Shaping Organizational Life  
Postscript  
 
Bibliography

Professor Morgan,

I only recently received a copy of Images of Organization (updated edition) as a desk copy to review for the I/O Psych class that I teach. I just started reading your book I am absolutely blown away by it. I cannot believe that I had missed this marvelous work. My ignorance knows few, if any, limits!


You pull together such a span of ideas and integrate them beautifully with your own angle, stimulating one's thinking. This is the kind of mind opening perspective to which I like to expose my classes. Thank you for condensing it so powerfully. By the way, the bibliographic notes are as exciting a read as is the rest of the book. I look forward to devouring the rest of the book.


James Michael Burke, Ph.D.
Virginia Commonwealth University
L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs
Center for Public Policy

Letter from James Michael Burke, Ph.D.
Virginia Commonwealth University, L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs, Center for Public Policy

"This is the new updated edition of a classic published over 20 years ago. The book is based on the simple premise that all theories of organization and management are based on implicit images of metaphors that stretch our imagination in a way that can create powerful insights, but at the risk of distortion. The author provides a rich and comprhensive resource for exploring the complexity of modern organizations internationally, translating theory into practice."

APADE
Indiana University

“A universe of thanks to you for spearheading the metaphoric, creative thinking about organizations. Your method has essentially electrified my teaching.”

--Mohammad A. Auwal, CSU, Los Angeles

Mohammad A. Auwal
CSU, Los Angeles

"Let me say that I've loved teaching this course for over 10 years now, in part, because your book (and now the excellent CD) are so well thought out. You deserve a bow. Bravo."

Jim Bonilla
Hamline University Graduate School of Management

"This book is based on the simple premise that all theories of organization and management are based on implicit images of metaphors that stretch our imagination in a way that can create powerful insights, but at the risk of distortion. The author provides a rich and comprehensive resource for exploring the complexity of modern organizations internationally, translating theory into practice."

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ISBN: 9781412939799