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Group Work
A Humanistic and Skills Building Approach

Second Edition


November 2008 | 328 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
This book presents groupwork under the framework of a humanistic approach, which lends itself particularly well to working in groups. The underlying concept behind the humanistic approach is rooted in humanism and democratic principles, thus that people within a democracy are responsible to themselves and to their society. As applied to the therapeutic group environment, the author applies humanistic values of the individuals responsibility for others, caring, mutual aid, respect for others and differences, and inclusiveness to the group and fosters an environment of trust, beloging, acceptance and support.
List of Practice Illustrations  
Preface  
Acknowledgments  
Introduction  
 
PART I. DIMENSIONS OF THE HUMANISTIC APPROACH
 
1. Humanistic Values and Democratic Norms: Equal Rights
Historical Overview of Democratic Principles Values of the Humanistic Group  
Democratic Norms as Values in Action  
Humanistic Values 1-4  
Humanistic Value 1: People Have Inherent Worth and Equal Right to Oportunity  
Humanistic Value 2: People Are Responsible for and to One Another  
Humanistic Value 3: People Have the Right to Belong to and Be Included in Supportive Systems  
Humanistic Value 4: People Have the Right to Take Part and to Be Heard  
Summary  
 
2. Further Humanistic Values and Democratic Norms: Freedoms
Humanistic Values 5-8  
Humanistic Value 5: People Have the Right to Freedom of Speech and Freedom of Expression  
Humanistic Value 6: People Who Are Different Enrich One Another  
Humanistic Value 7: People Have the Right to Freedom of Choice  
Humanistic Value 8: People Have the Right to Question and Challenge Professionals in Authority Roles  
Summary  
 
3. Stage Themes of Group Development
Overview of Stage Theory  
The T-Group Model and the Boston Model  
Beginning, Middle, and Ending Phases  
Group Process and Group Purpose  
Stage Theory and Member Differences  
Stage Themes and Practitioner Reactions to Members  
Stage Themes: Humanism and Democracy  
Stage Themes of group development  
Stage Theme 1: "We're Not in Charge"  
Stage Theme 2: "We Are in Charge"  
Stage Theme 3: "We're Taking You On"  
Stage Theme 4: Sanctuary  
Stage Theme 5: "This Isn't Good Anymore"  
Stage Theme 6: "We're Okay and Able"  
Stage Theme 7: "Just a Little Longer"  
Summary  
 
PART II. OBJECTIVES AND TECHNIQUES OF HUMANISTIC GROUP WORK
 
4. Dual Objectives: Developing the Democratic Mutual Aid System and Actualizing Purpose
The Dual Objectives: Developing the Democratic Mutual Aid System and Actualizing Purpose  
Developing the Democratic Mutual Aid System  
Actualizing Group Purpose  
Accomplishing the Dual Objectives  
Dual Objectives and the Change Process  
Interactions of the Dual Objectives  
Forms of Interaction that Foster the Democratic Mutual Aid System  
Forms of Interaction that Foster the Actualization of Group Purpose  
Summary  
 
5. Techniques for Developing the Democratic Mutual Aid System
Use of Technique  
Categorizing Techniques  
Techniques for Developing the Democratic Mutual aid System  
Facilitating Collective Participation  
Scanning  
Engaging the Group as a Whole  
Modulating the Expression of Feeling  
Facilitating Decision-Making Processes  
Processing the Here and Now  
Expressing Feelings About the Practitioner Role  
Goal Setting  
Good and Welfare  
Summary  
 
6. Techniques for Actualizing Group Purpose
Techniques for Actualizing Group Purpose  
Role Rehearsal  
Programming  
Group Reflective Consideration  
Interpretation  
Feedback  
Summary  
 
7. Further Techniques for Actualizing Group Purpose
Further Techniques for Actualizing Group Purpose  
Conflict Resolution  
Group Mending  
Confrontation  
Data and Facts  
Self-Disclosure  
Dealing With the Unknown  
Taking Stock  
Summary  
 
8. Techniques for Developing the Democratic Mutual Aid System and Actualizing Group Purpose
Techniques for Developing the Democratic Mutual Aid System and Actualizing Group Purpose  
Demand for Work  
Directing  
Lending a Vision  
Staying With Feelings  
Silence  
Support  
Exploration  
Identification  
Summary  
 
PART III. DIFFERENTIAL APPLICATION OF THE HUMANISTIC APPROACH
 
9. Assessing the Member in the Group
Assessment Activities and the Group Member  
Assessing the Member in the Group  
Psychosocial Criteria for Assessment  
Capacity Toward Mutual Aid and Purpose  
Ego Abilities and Sense of Self  
Social Institutional Environment  
Stereotypes and Self-Fulfilling Prophesies  
Symbolic Representations of the Practitioner and Group  
Summary  
 
10. Fields of Practice and Humanistic Group Work
Mental Health Groups  
Health Care Groups  
Substance and Alcohol Addictions Groups  
Summary  
PART IV. PRACTICE VARIATIONS AND CONTINGENCIES  
 
11. Short-Term, Single-Session, Open-Ended, and Structured Groups
Short-Term Groups  
Single-Session Groups  
Open-Ended Groups  
Structured Groups  
Summary  
 
12. Contingencies
Setting Up the Group Meeting  
Preparing for the Initial Meeting  
Informal Between-Session Contacts With Practitioner  
Formal Between-Session Contacts With Practitioner  
Postgroup Responsibilities  
Copractice  
Summary  
References  
Index  
About the Author  

"Group Work: A Humanistic and Skills Building Approach delivers as promised: a book solidly informed by humanistic values and principles: a book willing to teach clinical skills through a combination of theory and detailed case examples: a book equally of use and at ease in the classroom as in the field."

Shantih E. Clemans
Yeshiva University

This book, with its 12 well-written, easy to read chapters, is highly recommended to those interested in studying group work. Social work students and supervisors will find this book useful because it presents many illustrations of group meetings that help readers to understand values, norms and practitioners’ roles.

Masoomeh Maarefvand
University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation, Theran
Social Work Education

To enhance knowledge of working with groups

Miss nicola lord
department of health, preston collage
February 19, 2016

Useful reading for me in terms of preparing my powerpoint presentation; interesting reading for students who want to investigate further.

Ms Sue Olney
Family & Community Studies, Anglia Ruskin University
March 20, 2012

This second edition offers much in the way of how group work and Humanistic theory and practice integrate. The illustrations are particularly useful in integrating theory to contextual examples of group work and challenges readers to understand the process in application.

Mr Mike Bancroft
Counselling, Alton College
September 2, 2011

Certain chapters of this book are most relevant to this module and student group. It is intended to be a reference book for students and it will also support them in reading around subject areas for topics within lecture/small groupwork series and also their assignments.

Ms Mairead Barry
Dept of Excercise, Waterford Institute of Technology
December 3, 2009

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