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Essential Criminal Law
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Essential Criminal Law

Second Edition
  • Matthew Lippman - University of Illinois at Chicago, USA, John Marshall Law School in Chicago


© 2017 | 440 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

“This is the best of the criminal law textbooks I have taught from.…So many texts seem designed to impress other professors, but this one makes sense to the students, while not skimping on the material presented.”

Brian Cranny, Greenville Technical College

 

Essential Criminal Law, Second Edition equips students with a foundational and practical understanding of criminal law in the United States, as well as encourages strong legal reasoning skills for students with no prior exposure to case law. Award-winning professor and bestselling author Matthew Lippman guides students through the complexities of the legal system using thought-provoking examples of real-life crimes and legal defenses, along with highly approachable case analyses. Updated with the most current developments in criminal law and public policy, the Second Edition takes students beyond the classroom and prepares them to apply criminal law in today’s legal world.

 
Preface
 
Chapter Organization
 
Organization of the Text
 
Ancillaries
 
Acknowledgments
 
1. The Nature, Purpose, and Function of Criminal Law
Introduction  
The Nature of Criminal Law  
Criminal and Civil Law  
The Purpose of Criminal Law  
The Principles of Criminal Law  
Categories of Crime  
Felonies and Misdemeanors  
Mala in Se and Mala Prohibita  
Subject Matter  
Sources of Criminal Law  
The Common Law  
State Criminal Codes  
State Police Power  
The Model Penal Code  
Federal Statutes  
Constitutional Limitations  
The Criminal Justice Process  
The Structure of the Federal and State Court Systems  
The Federal Judicial System  
State Judicial Systems  
Precedent  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
2. Constitutional Limitations
Introduction  
Rule of Legality  
Bills of Attainder and Ex Post Facto Laws  
Bills of Attainder  
Ex Post Facto Laws  
The Supreme Court and Ex Post Facto Laws  
Statutory Clarity  
Clarity  
Definite Standards for Law Enforcement  
Equal Protection  
Three Levels of Scrutiny  
The Bill of Rights  
Nationalization  
Freedom of Speech  
Overbreadth  
Symbolic Speech  
Hate Speech  
Freedom of Assembly  
Time, Place, and Manner Restrictions  
Freedom of Religion  
Privacy  
The Constitutional Right to Privacy  
The Constitutional Right to Privacy and Same-Sex Relations Between Consenting Adults in the Home  
The Right to Privacy and the Fourth Amendment  
The Right to Bear Arms  
Cruel and Unusual Punishment  
Methods of Punishment  
The Amount of Punishment: The Death Penalty  
The Amount of Punishment: Sentences for a Term of Years  
Criminal Punishment and Status Offenses  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
3. Elements of Crimes
Introduction  
Criminal Acts and Thoughts  
A Voluntary Criminal Act  
Status  
Omissions  
The American and European Bystander Rules  
Possession  
Mens Rea Criminal Intent  
General and Specific Intent  
Intent Under the Model Penal Code  
Purposely  
Knowingly  
Recklessly  
Negligently  
Transferred Intent  
Strict Liability Offenses  
Concurrence of Act and Intent  
Causality  
Cause in Fact  
Legal or Proximate Cause  
Intervening Cause  
Coincidental Intervening Acts  
Responsive Intervening Acts  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
4. Parties to Crime
Introduction  
Parties to a Crime  
Actus Reus of Accomplice Liability  
Mens Rea of Accomplice Liability  
Natural and Probable Consequences Doctrine  
Accessory After the Fact  
The Common Law  
The Elements of Accessory After the Fact  
Vicarious Liability  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
5. Attempt, Solicitation, and Conspiracy
Introduction  
Attempt  
History of Attempt  
Public Policy and Attempt  
The Elements of Criminal Attempt  
Mens Rea of Attempt  
Actus Reus of Attempt  
The Physical Proximity and Substantial Step Tests  
Impossibility  
Abandonment  
Solicitation  
Public Policy  
The Crime of Solicitation  
Conspiracy  
Actus Reus  
Overt Act  
Mens Rea  
Parties  
The Structure of Conspiracies  
Criminal Objectives  
Conspiracy Prosecutions  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
6. Criminal Defenses: Justifications and Excuses
Introduction  
The Prosecutor’s Burden  
Affirmative Defenses  
Justifications and Excuses  
Defenses Based on a Lack of Capacity to Commit a Crime  
The Insanity Defense  
The Right–Wrong Test  
The Irresistible Impulse Test  
The Durham Product Test  
The Substantial Capacity Test  
Federal Standard  
Burden of Proof  
The Future of the Insanity Defense  
Diminished Capacity  
Intoxication  
Voluntary Intoxication  
Involuntary Intoxication  
Age  
Defenses Based on Justification or Excuse  
Necessity  
Duress  
Consent  
Mistake of Law and Mistake of Fact  
Mistake of Law  
Mistake of Fact  
Defenses Justifying the Use of Force  
Self-Defense  
The Central Components of Self-Defense  
Reasonable Belief  
Imminence  
Battered Persons  
Excessive Force  
Retreat  
Defense of Others  
Defense of the Home  
The Castle Doctrine in Florida  
Execution of Public Duties  
Resisting Unlawful Arrests  
Defenses Based on Governmental Misconduct  
Entrapment  
The Law of Entrapment  
The Subjective Test  
The Objective Test  
The Entrapment Defense  
New Defenses  
Some New Defenses  
The Cultural Defense  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
7. Homicide
Introduction  
Types of Criminal Homicide  
Actus Reus and Criminal Homicide  
Mens Rea and Criminal Homicide  
Murder  
First-Degree Murder  
Capital and Aggravated First-Degree Murder  
Second-Degree Murder  
Depraved Heart Murder  
Felony Murder  
Manslaughter  
Voluntary Manslaughter  
Voluntary Manslaughter Reconsidered  
Involuntary Manslaughter  
Negligent Manslaughter  
The Beginning of Human Life  
The End of Human Life  
The Year-and-a-Day Rule  
Corpus Delicti  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
8. Other Crimes Against the Person
Introduction  
Assault and Battery  
The Elements of Battery  
Simple and Aggravated Battery  
Dangerous Weapon Battery  
Mayhem  
Assault  
Aggravated Assault  
The Elements of Assault  
Stalking  
The Common Law of Rape  
The Elements of the Common Law of Rape  
Rape Reform  
Punishment and Sexual Assault  
The Actus Reus of Modern Rape  
Mens Rea  
Statutory Rape  
Withdrawal of Consent  
Rape Shield Statute  
Rape Trauma Syndrome  
Sexual Battery  
Kidnapping  
Kidnapping Statutes  
Criminal Act  
False Imprisonment  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
9. Crimes Against Property
Introduction  
Larceny  
Actus Reus: Trespassory Taking  
Asportation  
Property of Another  
Mens Rea  
Grades of Larceny  
Embezzlement  
False Pretenses  
Actus Reus  
Mens Rea  
Theft  
Receiving Stolen Property  
Actus Reus  
Mens Rea  
Forgery and Uttering  
Actus Reus  
Mens Rea  
Uttering  
Simulation  
Robbery  
Actus Reus  
Mens Rea  
Concurrence  
Grading Robbery  
Carjacking  
Extortion  
Burglary  
Breaking  
Entry  
Dwelling House  
Dwelling of Another  
Nighttime  
Intent  
Aggravated Burglary  
Do We Need the Crime of Burglary?  
Trespass  
Arson  
Burning  
Dwelling  
Dwelling of Another  
Willful and Malicious  
Grading  
Criminal Mischief  
Actus Reus  
Mens Rea  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
10. White-Collar and Organized Crime
Introduction  
Corporate Criminal Liability  
Environmental Crimes  
Occupational Safety and Health  
Securities Fraud  
Insider Trading  
Mail and Wire Fraud  
The Travel Act  
Health Care Fraud  
Antitrust Violations  
Identity Theft  
Access Device Fraud  
Money Laundering  
Currency Violations  
Tax Crime  
Computer Crime  
Theft of Intellectual Property  
Copyright  
Trademark Fraud  
Theft of Trade Secrets  
Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
11. Crimes Against Public Order and Morality
Introduction  
Disorderly Conduct  
Riot  
Motor Vehicle Violations  
Public Indecencies: Quality-of-Life Crimes  
Vagrancy and Loitering  
Homelessness  
Gangs  
The Overreach of Criminal Law  
Prostitution  
The Crime of Prostitution  
Legal Regulation of Prostitution  
Obscenity  
Cruelty to Animals  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
12. Crimes Against Social Order and Morality: Alcoholism, Gambling, and Drug Offenses
Introduction  
Alcoholism  
Alcoholism and Juveniles  
Public Intoxication  
Driving and Alcoholism  
Gambling  
State Gambling Laws  
Internet Gambling  
Federal Gambling Laws  
Controlled Substances  
The “War on Drugs”  
The Evolution of American Antinarcotics Strategy  
State Antidrug Laws  
Possession of Narcotics and Possession With Intent to Distribute Narcotics  
Marijuana  
Crystal Meth  
Prescription Drugs  
Drug Paraphernalia  
Assets Forfeiture  
Drug Testing  
Drug Courts  
Office of National Drug Control Policy  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
13. Offenses Against Public Administration and the Administration of Justice
Introduction  
Official Misconduct  
Bribery  
Commercial Bribery  
Sports Bribery  
Foreign Corrupt Practices Act  
Extortion  
Perjury  
Subornation of Perjury  
Obstruction of Justice  
The Citizen’s Duty to Assist Law Enforcement  
Resisting Arrest  
Compounding a Crime  
Escape  
Defenses to Prison Escape  
Contempt  
Direct and Indirect Criminal Contempt  
Criminal Contempt and Criminal Law  
Punishing Criminal Contempt  
Legislative Contempt  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
14. Crimes Against the State
Introduction  
Treason  
Criminal Act and Criminal Intent  
Prosecuting Treason  
Sedition  
Sabotage  
Espionage  
Terrorism  
Definition of Terrorism  
Terrorism Outside the United States  
Terrorism Transcending National Boundaries  
Weapons of Mass Destruction  
Mass Transportation Systems  
Harboring or Concealing Terrorists  
Material Support for Terrorism  
Combat Immunity  
State Terrorism Statutes  
Immigration  
Violations of Immigration Law  
State Laws  
International Criminal Law  
Case Analysis  
Chapter Summary  
Chapter Review Questions  
Legal Terminology  
 
Notes
 
Glossary
 
Case Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Author

Supplements

Student Study Site

Use the Student Study Site to get the most out of your course!
Our Student Study Site is completely open-access and offers a wide range of additional features.

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts
  • Tables and figures from the book
  • Suggested answers to the "You Decide" boxes in the text are provided for reference.
  • Reprint of cases for instructors to assign or use in class.
  • List of statutes that appear throughout the chapters.
  • Appendices
Instructor Resources Site
    SAGE offers an exceptionally robust set of offerings for both student and instructor resources, all accessible from each title’s companion website. The Student Study Site is completely open access, making it as easy as possible for your students to use. The Instructor Teaching Site is verified and password-protected, offering you both peace of mind and a wealth of support for your courses.

    Calling all instructors!
    It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title!

    Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:
  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available, containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for the course
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts by chapter to ease preparation for lectures and class discussions
  • Tables and figures from the book are provided for your courses
  • Suggested answers to the "You Decide" boxes in the text are provided for reference.
  • Reprint of cases for instructors to assign or use in class.
  • List of statutes that appear throughout the chapters.
  • Appendices 

“This is the best of the criminal law textbooks I have taught from.  I think it is more student-centered.  So many texts seem designed to impress other professors, but this one makes sense to the students, while not skimping on the material presented.”

Brian Cranny
Greenville Technical College

“I would, and have, described the book as a nice succinct clearly written text ideal for an introductory course in criminal law.  I also say that I highly recommend it for such a course, and tell them that I keep using it.  I also praise the support (supplemental) materials that come with it.”

Stephen M. Sherlock
California State University, Chico

“…Helpful equations regarding criminal law.”

Stephen A Brundage
College of DuPage

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 3

Chapter 9


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ISBN: 9781506349039
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