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Ending Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
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Ending Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Freedom's Journey

Edited by:


December 2017 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Bringing together conceptual, practice, and advocacy knowledge, Ending Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery: Freedom's Journey explores the complexities of human trafficking and modern-day slavery through a global perspective. This comprehensive, multidisciplinary text includes a discussion of the root causes and structural issues that continue to plague society, as well as real-life case studies and vignettes, the words of human trafficking survivors, and insights from first responders and anti-trafficking advocates. Each chapter includes a “call to action” to inspire readers to implement a range of strategies designed to disrupt, eradicate, or mitigate human trafficking and modern-day slavery.

 
About the Author
 
About the Contributors
 
Acknowledgments
 
Preface
 
PART 1 HISTORICAL CONTEXTS, DEFINITIONS, AND ROOT CAUSES OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND MODERN-DAY SLAVERY
 
1 Introduction and History of Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Chapter Objectives

 
History of Slavery

 
Defining Trafficking

 
Sex Trafficking

 
Understanding Sex Work

 
Labor Trafficking

 
Conceptual Approaches to Human Trafficking

 
Scope of the Issue

 
Trafficking in Persons (TIP) Report

 
Alternatives to the TIP Report

 
Call to Action: A Multitude of Lenses

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
2 The Law of Supply and Demand: The Business of Trafficking
Chapter Objectives

 
Demand Dynamics

 
Supply Side

 
Beyond Supply and Demand

 
Call to Action: Changing the Business Model

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
3 Social Determinants of Human Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Chapter Objectives

 
Social Determinants

 
Poverty

 
Militarization

 
World War II Sex Slaves (“Comfort Women”)

 
Case Vignette: Chien

 
Corruption

 
Female Gender

 
Race and Ethnicity

 
Culture

 
Caste and Class

 
Call to Action: Ending Trafficking by Targeting Social Determinants

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
PART 2 CLINICAL INTERVENTIONS
 
4 Trauma-Informed Care
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Defining Trauma

 
Complex Trauma

 
Neurobiology and Trauma

 
Impact of Trauma-Informed Care

 
Trauma-Informed Care and Trafficking

 
Principles to Guide Practice

 
Implementing Trauma-Informed Care

 
Trauma-Informed Practice Example: Seeking Safety

 
Meditation and Mindfulness

 
Complex Case

 
Call to Action: Strengths-Based and Trauma-Informed

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
5 Case Management
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Defining Case Management

 
Implementing Case Management

 
Resources for Case Managers

 
Effective Approaches

 
Challenges

 
Complex Case

 
Call to Action: Coordination, Communication, Case Management

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
6 Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Chapter Objectives

 
Defining Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 
Implementing Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 
PTSD: Common Diagnosis with Victims of Trafficking

 
Current Issues with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

 
Complex Case

 
Call to Action: Reframe and Rethink

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
7 Survivor Advocate Model
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Pimp Appropriation

 
Survivor Advocate Model

 
Examples of Survivor Advocate Models

 
12 Beliefs

 
Challenges

 
Complex Case

 
Call to Action: No Justice, No Peace

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
8 Interventions for Commercially Sexually Exploited Children (CSEC)
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Overview of CSEC

 
The Language of CSEC

 
Screening for CSEC

 
Widely Used CSEC Interventions

 
Global Child Trafficking

 
Case Vignette: Amber

 
Call to Action: One Child Is One Child Too Many

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
PART 3 POLICY INTERVENTIONS
 
9 Landmark Policies in Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
The United Nations Convention Against Transnational Organized Crime: The Palermo Protocols

 
United States: Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000

 
Highlight: Kids in Need of Defense (KIND)

 
Additional Legislation

 
Safe Harbor Laws

 
Anti-trafficking Laws: A Global View

 
Organizational Highlight: Coalition to Abolish Slavery and Trafficking (CAST)

 
Case Vignette: Cristela

 
Call to Action: Create and Enforce Anti-trafficking Policy Worldwide

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
10 Supply Chain Transparency
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction: Labor Trafficking Overview

 
The Ghost Fleet

 
Understanding the Supply Chain

 
Laws Around Supply Chain Transparency

 
Case Study: Brazil, a National Pact for the Eradication of Slave Labor

 
The Road to Transparency

 
Highlight: H2B Visas and Migration

 
California Transparency in Supply Chains Act (CA–TISC)

 
Highlight: Alliance to Stop Slavery and End Trafficking (ASSET)

 
Modern Slavery Act–UK

 
Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) (Executive Order 13,627) and the Trade Facilitation Enforcement Act of 2015 (H.R. 644)

 
Challenges

 
Best Practices

 
Case Vignette: Edward

 
Call to Action: Transparency to Freedom

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
PART 4 ADVOCACY, ACTIVISM, AND INNOVATIONS
 
11 Grassroots’ Advocacy and Activism
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
(Human) Rights-Based Approach

 
Advocacy and Activism

 
Highlight: UN Women

 
Feminist Movement Building

 
Highlight: Coalition Against Trafficking Women

 
Grassroots Initiatives

 
Forging Institutional Partnerships

 
Developing Public and Institutional Support Through Research and Advocacy

 
Overall Insights: From the Local to the Global Perspective

 
Challenges

 
Call to Action: Advocacy and Activism to End Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
12 Faith-Based Organizations
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Faith-Based Services

 
Faith-Based Abolitionist Movements

 
Highlight: Hookers for Jesus (Domestic Organizational Highlight)

 
Faith-Based Services, Programs, and Projects

 
Highlight: Wellspring International

 
Challenges

 
Case Vignette: Fellowship Monrovia

 
Call to Action: Be the Light

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
13 Prevention
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Ecosystems Lens

 
Addressing Root Causes

 
Examples of Best Practices

 
Adequate Training

 
Corporate Social Responsibility and Supply Chain Management

 
Challenges

 
Call to Action: Address “Complete Range of Vulnerabilities” for Effective Prevention

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
14 Social Innovations in Human Trafficking: Solutions to a Wicked Problem
Chapter Objectives

 
Introduction

 
Wicked Problems

 
Growing Innovation in the Anti-trafficking Movement

 
Best Practices in Social Innovation

 
Highlight: LaborVoices

 
Highlight: Traffickcam

 
Challenges

 
Case Vignette: The Mariposa Center

 
Call to Action: Impact and Disruption as The Road to Ending Trafficking

 
Guiding Questions for Social Labs

 
Challenge

 
 
15 Ending Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery
Chapter Objectives

 
What We Have Learned So Far

 
Evolving Trends

 
Changing Role of Survivor Advocates and/or Activists

 
Case Vignette: Women’s Rights Defenders

 
Call to Action: End Trafficking and Modern-Day Slavery Now!

 
Survivor Statements: In Our Own Words . . .

 
Discussion Questions

 
Challenge

 
 
Glossary
 
References
 
Index

"This excellent text offers a meaningful contribution to knowledge on the pressing issue of human slavery.  Its use of a systems perspective coupled with an emphasis on advocacy represents an ideal combination of scholarship and practice vital to any examination — and response — to human trafficking."

Jorja Leap
University of California, Los Angeles

Labor trafficking continues to be an invisible issue. Enrile  takes labor trafficking out of the shadows and puts it in plain view for the reader; highlighting the challenges we face as individuals, and within local and international communities to target labor law violations and control supply chains.” 

Wendy Stickle
University of Maryland

 “The text does a skillful job of integrating various perspectives relevant to understanding the problem of human trafficking. It takes a problem-solving approach to trafficking that fully recognizes the complexities of this vital concern.”

Kali Wright-Smith
Westminster College

“Historical and contemporary, critical and applied, global and local, this book provides both a rich overview of the problem of human trafficking and a detailed account of strategies for addressing it at practice and policy levels.” 

David Porteous
Middlesex University

“This book offers a comprehensive and holistic look at issues of contemporary slavery.” 

Marie A. Conn
Chestnut Hill College

“Enrile’s systems perspective and focus on advocating for survivor interventions adds a robust dimension to any study of human trafficking.” 

Manuel F. Zamora
Angelo State University

“This text takes a thorough intellectual look at the problem of human trafficking and the very real issues impeding those who would bring it to an end.” 

Nancy Janus
Eckerd College

“An interesting and useful book which fills a notable gap in the literature.” 

Simon Sneddon
University of Northampton

“A multi-disciplinary text which encompasses a vast range of aspects concerning trafficking and modern day slavery.” 

Jan Bourne-Day
Manchester Metropolitan University

“A timely and substantial contribution to the global issue of human slavery, this text introduces students to the comprehensive suite of responses currently being utilized in the US and beyond, whilst basing such discussions within a practice-orientated domain.” 

N. Chubbock
Nottingham Trent University

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