The book provides a critical analysis of the various health insurance providers and their different products. It also lays out how those without insurance are exploited by the healthcare system. Further, it covers the various existing and potential health insurance markets in India. Despite several centrally sponsored health insurance schemes as well as those sponsored by all major Indian states, the healthcare coverage of common Indian citizens is abysmally low. The policy inputs from this book will help reorient the thinking of both central and state level policymakers towards making healthcare a priority area. This will go a long way in making India a forerunner among South Asian countries in their efforts to provide optimal healthcare to all their citizens.