Nick Emmel, Joanne Greenhalgh, Ana Manzano, Mark Monaghan, and Sonia Dalkin
Introduction: Doing realist evaluation, synthesis and research
Chapter 1: The middle range methodology of realist evaluation
Chapter 2: Making up mechanisms in realist research
Realists need mechanisms, so what are they?
The epistemology and ontology of mechanisms
Chapter 3: Understanding mechanisms in realist evaluation and research
Alternate constructs of mechanism
Multiple constructs of mechanism
Mechanisms and the context-mechanism relationship
Chapter 4: Making claims using realist methods
Conducting realist evaluation: an illustration
Enter middle-range theory
Tricks of the realist trade
Bruno Marchal, Guy Kegels and Sara Van Belle
Chapter 5: Theory and realist methods
Using realist evaluation in HPSR in low-resource settings
With which theory to start?
How to elicit the initial programme theory
Chapter 6: Researching complex large scale nested interventions
Large scale interventions
Traces of the conditions of a system
Rob Anderson, Rebecca Hardwick, Mark Pearson, and Richard Byng
Chapter 7: Using realist approaches to explain the costs and cost-effectiveness of programmes
What are realist evaluations?
What are economic evaluations?
How are they different from realist evaluation?
Measurement vs explanation/theory-building
Creating localised vs generalizable knowledge
What would more explanatory economic evaluation look like?
Programme theories of cost-effectiveness – a worked example
Refining the theories of cost-effectiveness
Chapter 8: Data gathering for realist reviews
Rigour, data ‘quality’ and more...
Andrew Booth, Judy Wright and Simon Briscoe
Chapter 9: Scoping and searching to support realist approaches
The "realist search" and synthesis
Complementary searching techniques
The role of the information specialist in supporting realist approaches
Elements of a “realist search”
Sources of programme theories
Mark Monaghan and Annette Boaz
Chapter 10: Evidence from realist research, its influence and impact
The emergence of the systematic review
Considering the emergence and reach of realist review
Some provisional lessons from and for realist review
Chapter 11: Realist research, guidelines and the politics of evidence
EBM, clinical medicine and public health
Developing the evidence base and guidelines in public health in practice
Realism and EBM meet realpolitik
Chapter 12: Realist memorabilia