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Deviance and Social Control
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Deviance and Social Control
A Sociological Perspective

Third Edition
Additional resources:


July 2020 | 656 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Deviance and Social Control: A Sociological Perspective provides a sociological examination of deviant behavior in society, with a significant focus on the major theories of deviance and society’s reaction to deviance. Authors Michelle Inderbitzin, Kristin A. Bates, and Randy R. Gainey use sociological theories to illuminate issues related to deviant behavior, offering clear overviews and perspectives in the field as well as introductions to classic and current research. A unique text/reader format combines substantial original chapters that clearly explain and outline the sociological perspectives on deviance with carefully selected articles from leading academic sources.

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Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
How to Read a Research Article
 
Chapter 1. Introduction to Deviance
Introduction

 
Conceptions of Deviance

 
The Sociological Imagination

 
The Importance of Theory and Its Relationship to Research

 
Global Perspectives on Deviance

 
Deviance and Disparity

 
Ideas in Action

 
Conclusion: Organization of the Book

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 2. The Diversity of Deviance
Introduction

 
Deviance and Its Varied Forms

 
Physical Deviance and Appearance: Ideals of Beauty, Self-Harm, and Body Modification

 
Relationships and Deviance

 
Deviance in Cyberspace: Making Up the Norms as We Go

 
Subcultural Deviance

 
Elite Deviance, Corporate Deviance, and Workplace Misconduct

 
Positive Deviance

 
Global Perspectives on Types of Deviance

 
Deviance and Disparity: Differential Treatment in Dealing With Addiction, Prostitution, and Graffiti

 
Ideas in Action: Guerrilla Gardening in Low-Income Areas

 
Question: So Who Are the Deviants? Answer: It Depends on Whom You Ask

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 3. Researching Deviance
Introduction

 
Methodological Approaches to Studying Deviance

 
Content Analysis

 
Secondary Data Sources

 
Ethical Considerations in Studying Deviance

 
Global Perspectives on Trials and Tribulations Involved in Researching Deviance Across the Globe

 
Deviance and Disparity: Regulation of Smoking

 
Ideas in Action: Evaluating Programs and Policy

 
Conclusion

 
Endnote

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 4. Anomie/Strain Theory
Introduction

 
Development of Anomie/Strain Theory

 
Robert Merton and Adaptations to Anomie/Strain

 
Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin, Differential Opportunity

 
Albert Cohen, Delinquent Boys

 
Robert Agnew, General Strain Theory

 
Messner and Rosenfeld, Crime and the American Dream— Institutional Anomie Theory

 
Application of Anomie and Strain Theories

 
Critiques of Anomie and Strain Theories

 
Global Perspectives on Anomie/Strain Theory

 
Deviance and Disparity: The Occupy Wall Street Movement

 
Ideas in Action: Transforming Innovation Into Conformity and Legitimate Success

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 5. Social Disorganization Theory
Introduction

 
Development of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Shaw and McKay’s Study of Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas

 
Early Critiques of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Rebirth of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Empirical Tests of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Collective Efficacy as a Key Theoretical and Empirical Element of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Global Perspectives on Social Disorganization Theory

 
Tests of Social Disorganization in Cities Outside the United States

 
More Theoretical and Empirical Advances and Divergences

 
Deviance and Disparity: Social Disorganization Theory

 
External Forces in the Creation of Social Disorganization

 
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From Social Disorganization and Broken Windows Perspectives

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 6. Differential Association and Social Learning Theories
Introduction

 
Development of Differential Association Theory

 
Development of Akers’s Social Learning Theory

 
Social Structure and Social Learning

 
Empirical Tests of Akers’s Social Structure Social Learning Theory

 
Application of Differential Association and Social Learning

 
Critiques of Differential Association and Social Learning Theories

 
Cultural Deviance Theory and Subcultural Explanations of Deviance

 
Deviance and Disparity: Can Differential Association/Social Learning Theories Explain Gender Disparities in Deviance?

 
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From a Social Learning Perspective

 
Global Perspectives on Testing Differential Association and Social Learning Theories Outside of the United States

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 7. Social Control Theories of Deviance
Introduction

 
Development of Social Control Theory

 
Contemporary Additions to Social Control Theory

 
Application of Social Control Theories

 
Critiques of Social Control Theories

 
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control Theories

 
Deviance and Disparity: The Cases of Teenage Homelessness

 
Ideas in Action: Homeboy Industries

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 8. Labeling Theory
Introduction

 
Development of Labeling Theory

 
How the Labeling Process Works

 
Labeling and Mental Illness

 
Labeling and Delinquency

 
Application of Labeling Theory

 
Impact of Labeling Theory

 
Critiques of Labeling Theory

 
Global Perspectives on Labeling Theory

 
Deviance and Disparity: When Is Drinking—or Not Drinking—Deviant on College Campuses?

 
Ideas in Action: The “I Have a Dream” Foundation—Instilling Positive Labels

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 9. Marxist and Conflict Theories of Deviance
Introduction

 
Development of Marxist Theory

 
Development of Conflict Theory

 
Applications of Marxist and Conflict Theories

 
Critiques of Marxist and Conflict Theories

 
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Marxist/Conflict Theories

 
Deviance and Disparity: Voting Rights, Voter Suppression, Gerrymandering, and Social Media

 
Voter Suppression and Conflict Theory

 
Ideas in Action: Voter Registration Drives

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 10. Critical Theories of Deviance
Introduction

 
Development of Feminist Criminology

 
Development of Critical Race Theory

 
Development of Peacemaking

 
Critiques of Critical Theories

 
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Critical Theories

 
Deviance and Disparity: Human Trafficking—Crossing Boundaries and Borders

 
Ideas in Action: What Can Be Done About Human Trafficking?

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 11. Societal Responses to Deviance
Introduction

 
Medicalization of Deviant Behavior

 
Policing, Supervision, and the Impact of Incarceration on Disadvantaged Populations and Communities

 
Total Institutions

 
Correctional Facilities and the Purposes of Punishment

 
Gresham Sykes and the Pains of Imprisonment

 
Juvenile Correctional Facilities

 
Reentry: Challenges in Returning to the Community After Time in an Institution

 
Public Fear and Social Control: The Case of Sex Offenders

 
Collateral Consequences: Effects on Communities and Families

 
Global Perspectives on the Social Control of Deviance

 
Deviance and Disparity: How Money Can Matter in Local Jails

 
Ideas in Action: College Programs in Prisons

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 12. Deviant Careers and Career Deviance
Introduction

 
Development of a Deviant Career and Career Deviance Approach

 
Getting Into Deviance: Onset of a Deviant Career

 
Risk and Protective Factors for Onset

 
Escalation, Persistence, and Specialization in Deviance

 
Sex Offenders: Generalists or Specialists?

 
The Case of Drinking and Driving

 
Specialization and General Deviance Is Not Always a Choice

 
Summary of Career Deviance: Specialists or Generalists?

 
Getting Out of the Game: Desistance From Career Deviance

 
Deviance and Disparity: Alcohol Use and Misuse Disparities Among Heterosexual and Sexual Minority Youth

 
Global Perspectives on Cross-Cultural Interest in Deviant Careers and Career Deviance

 
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From a Career Deviance and Deviant Career Perspective

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Glossary
 
References and Additional Reading
 
Index

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