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Career, Work, and Mental Health
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Career, Work, and Mental Health
Integrating Career and Personal Counseling



June 2008 | 288 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
In this text, Vernon Zunker integrates career counselling/development with mental health counselling. The book builds on the growing recognition that career counselling cannot be viewed in isolation of mental health issues; an individual needs to viewed as a whole person whose psyche and mental health are delicately intertwined. The first part of the book provides a solid foundation on career theory and development, and the second part deals with how mental health and career issues are intertwined and how a career counselor or mental health counselor can intervene.

The book is practical in nature, offering specific interventions to deal with counseling individuals with career and personal concerns. The idea that mental health and career counseling should be more closely tied together is gaining prominence. Historically career guidance and counseling has been taught separately focusing on career development theories and application. It is now becoming more obvious that career issues are closely tied to mental health and visa versa and thus the timing is right for this book's release.

 
PART I. CAREER COUNSELING PERSPECTIVES
 
1. Introduction
Some Perspectives of Personal and Career Development Counseling

 
Multidimensional Influences Shape Behavior

 
Focusing on Multiple Life Roles

 
The Pervasive Nature of Psychological Disorders

 
The Pervasive Nature of Work Stress

 
The Case for Each Client's Cognitive Schemas

 
Recognizing and Uncovering Constraints of Career Choice

 
Cultural diversity and Acculturation

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
2. Career Development theories - An Overview
Career Development Theories

 
Trait Oriented Theories

 
Trait Oriented Theories in Perspective

 
Social Learning and Cognitive Theories

 
Social Learning and cognitive Theories in Perspectives

 
Developmental Theories of Career Choice

 
Developmental Theories of Career Choice in Perspective

 
Person-in-Environment Perspective

 
Summary of Career Development Theory Perspectives

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
3. Career Counseling Practices
A Learning Theory of Career Counseling

 
Intake Interview

 
Using Assessment Results for Career Counseling

 
Interventions

 
Whole Person Approach to Career and Personal Concerns

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
4. Constraints Effecting Career Choice and Development
Model of American Class Structure

 
Socioeconomic Status (SES)

 
Social Class and Socialization

 
Potential Career Choice Constraints

 
Self-Efficacy for Effective Behavior

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
5. Career Choice and Development and the Changing Nature of Work
Initial Career Choice-The Shaping Process

 
Career Choice Perspectives From Career Development Theories

 
Career Choice-Central Component of a Person's Identity

 
Economic Restructuring

 
A Prevalent Career Model-Boundaryless Careers

 
Contract Breach

 
Some Career Barriers

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
PART II: MENTAL HEALTH ISSUES AND SOLUTIONS
 
6. Depression and its Impact on Career Development
Biopsychosocial Model

 
Development of Mood Disorder-Depression

 
Biological Dimensions

 
Psychological Dimensions

 
Learned Helplessness and Depression

 
Social and Cultural Dimensions

 
The Career Counseling Connection

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
7. Other Mental Health and Career Concerns
Concerns Associated with Apprehension and Fear

 
Some Causes of Anxiety Disorders

 
Intervention Strategies

 
Concerns Associated with Fear of Social Situations and Being Around Others

 
Influences That Can Lead to Social Phobic Behavior

 
Effective Interventions

 
Fear of Health Problems That are Non-Existent

 
Effective Interventions

 
Substance-Related Disorders

 
Some Causes of Substance Abuse

 
Effective Interventions

 
Biological Interventions

 
Psychological Interventions

 
Social Interventions

 
The Career Work Connection

 
Schizophrenia

 
Some Causes of Schizophrenia

 
Interventions

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
8. Cultural Diversity Dimensions
Some Perspectives on Culture

 
Culturally Developed Cognitive Schemas

 
The Cultural Self and its Career Development Implications

 
Focus on Some Different Worldviews in the Helping Process

 
Family Views

 
Competition versus Cooperation

 
Communication Styles

 
Locus of Control

 
Some Mental Issues of Cultural Groups

 
Abnormality: Universal and Culture Specific Factors

 
Anxiety Disorders

 
Mood Disorder-Depression

 
Personality Disorders

 
Schizophrenia

 
Somatoform Disorders

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
9. Personality Development, Disorders and its Impact on Career
Some Personality Factors in Perspective

 
Secure Relationships

 
Personal Goals

 
Gender and Cultural Diversity Issues

 
Personality Disorders

 
Class A Personality Disorders

 
Class A Personality Disorders in Perspective

 
Class B Personality Disorders

 
Class B Personality Disorders in Perspective

 
Class C Personality Disorders

 
Class C Personality Disorders in Perspective

 
An Overview of Personality Disorders

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
10. Assessing Personality Development Through Personality Inventories
Personality Factors From the 16 PF Questionnaire

 
Global or Second-Order Factors

 
An Integrative Perspective

 
The NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised

 
Some Big Factor Research Results

 
Implications for Interventions From the Neo-PI-R Profile

 
Personality-Outcome Relationships

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
11. Work Stress
Stress Process From an Interactionist Viewpoint

 
Type A Behavior

 
Job Stressors

 
Work Overload

 
Technostress

 
Under and Over Promotion

 
Spillover

 
Electronic Performance Monitoring

 
Work Stressors in Specific Occupations

 
Dimensions of Psychological Well Being and Good Mental Health

 
Work/Family Stress

 
Coping Strategies to Reduce Effects of Stress

 
Self-Efficacy

 
Self-Esteem

 
Social Support

 
Cultural Diversity Issues

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
12. Interventions and Case Studies
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques

 
Problem Solving

 
Assertiveness Training and Behavioral Rehearsal

 
Systematic Desensitization

 
Cognitive-Restructuring

 
Cognitive Schemas

 
Ellis's A-B-C Theory of Personality

 
Self-Enhancing Thoughts

 
Homework Assignments

 
Behavior Changes by Meichenbaum

 
Stress Inoculation Training

 
The Case of John, A Very Anxious Person

 
The Case of Corrina, A Hypochondriac

 
The Case of Yolanda With Symptoms of a Borderline Personality Disorder

 
Summary

 
Supplementary Learning Exercises

 
 
Appendix A: Acculturation Scales
 
Appendix B: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR) Classification System (APA, 2000)
 
References
 
Name Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Author

Needed a more career focused text with career theories for NCE preparation.

Mrs Rachael Anderson
Marriage and Family Therapy, Sioux Falls Seminary
March 4, 2015

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