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Peace by Peaceful Means
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Peace by Peaceful Means
Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization



© 1996 | 292 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd
Johan Galtung, one of the founders of modern peace studies, provides a wide-ranging panorama of the ideas, theories and assumptions on which the study of peace is based.

The book is organized in four parts, each examining the one of the four major theoretical approaches to peace. The first part covers peace theory, exploring the epistemological assumptions of peace. In Part Two conflict theory is examined with an exploration of nonviolent and creative handling of conflict. Developmental theory is discussed in Part Three, exploring structural violence, particularly in the economic field, together with a consideration of the ways of overcoming that violence. The fourth part is devoted to civilization theory. This involves an exploration of cultural violence focusing on the deeper aspects of cultures. Finally, the threads of these four approaches are drawn together with a focus on peace action - peace by peaceful means.

 
Introduction: Visions of Peace for the 21st Century
 
PART ONE: PEACE THEORY
 
Peace Studies
An Epistemological Basis  
 
Peace Studies
Some Basic Paradigms  
 
Woman:Man = Peace:Violence?
 
Democracy:Dictatorship = Peace:War?
 
The State System
Dissociative, Associative, Confederal, Federal, Unitary - or a Lost Case?  
 
PART TWO: CONFLICT THEORY
 
Conflict Formations
 
Conflict Life Cycles
 
Conflict Transformations
 
Conflict Interventions
 
Nonviolent Conflict Transformation
 
PART THREE: DEVELOPMENT THEORY
 
Fifteen Theses on Development Theory and Practice
 
Six Economic Schools
 
The Externalities
 
Ten Theses on Eclectic Development Theory
 
Development Theory
An Approach across Spaces  
 
PART FOUR: CIVILIZATION THEORY
 
Cultural Violence
 
Six Cosmologies
An Impressionistic Presentation  
 
Implications
Peace, War, Conflict, Development  
 
Specifications
Hitlerism, Stalinism, Reaganism  
 
Explorations
Any Therapies for Pathological Cosmologies?  
 
Conclusion
Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization  

`Even a reviewer who has spent a lifetime in peace research finds much insight, inspiration and provocation in [this book]. It is a book to start the road with - and to return to by the end of the road' - Democratization

`Galtung's book is one of the best guides for getting to know the world we live in. It contains astonishing insights, not only about war and peace, but about one's own cultural roots and ideological predispositions. It is a courageous and highly ethical work, full of unpalatable truths but lit up by sparks of truth' - Media Development

`This is an important volume by one of the most important scholars of modern peace studies.... It is both an overview and an elaboration of his ideas regarding the conceptual and material implications of peace.... This is not an easy book to read in the sense that the prose is dense and the arguments are spread over the main text and within the detailed footnotes. However, it is worth reading carefully precisely because it is concerned with locating peace studies within a broader social and intellectual context than other parts of the discipline of international relations or political science. Galtung concludes his latest contribution with a plea for perseverance: peace is something that has to be worked at and, moreover, peace workers have to expect resistance from those inculcated within reactionary state structures' - International Affairs

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ISBN: 9780803975118
£29.99

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