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Addressing Learning Disabilities and Difficulties

Addressing Learning Disabilities and Difficulties
How to Reach and Teach Every Student

Edited by:

April 2006 | 184 pages | Corwin
Emphasizing the importance of the general education classroom as the primary learning environment for students who have learning disabilities, this book offers best practices and policies that will enable students with learning disabilities to not only participate but also excel in the general education classroom.

Since its first printing in 1994, this book has been one of the most popular publications of the California Department of Education, Special Education Division.

The book covers:

o Distinguishing learning difficulties from learning disabilities;

o General screening strategies for specific learning disabilities (so students can be referred to specialist for further testing);

o Specific strategies to improve learning skills such as listening comprehension, attention span, retention and retrieval of material, mathematical reasoning, reading comprehension and more;

o Numerous strategies to improve performance skills such as verbal expression, spelling, test taking and more;

o Classroom management strategies for the inclusive classroom;

o Overview of referral and evaluation procedures;

o Components of a successful individualized education programmes (IEPs);

o Discussion of program options, service delivery models, and strategies and programs for school sites (such as peer tutoring, service learning and collaborative staff development);

o Glossary of Special Education terms;

o Agencies, organizations and websites for further research.

About the Editors
1. Introduction
Some Background of Difficulties With Children’s Learning and Performance

Complexity of Learning and Performance Difficulties

Basic Assumptions

Approaches to Children’s Difficulties in Learning and Performance

Uses, Benefits, and Limitations of Addressing Learning Disabilities and Difficulties

Parts I and II: Their Content and Purpose

Ways to Use This Handbook


Part I: Learning Difficulties and Teaching Strategies
2. Strategies to Improve Learning Skills
Listening Comprehension

Ability to Pay Attention

Organizational Skills

Retention and Retrieval of Material


Mathematical Computations and Operations

Mathematical Reasoning and Problem Solving

Reading Word Recognition

Reading Comprehension


Intervention Plan

3. Strategies to Improve Performance Skills
Verbal Expression

Handwriting and Copying


Written Expression

Test Taking

Appropriate Social Behavior


Intervention Plan

Part II: The Special Education Referral Process
4. Referral and Eligibility
Documentation of Adaptations

The Referral Process

The Evaluation Process

Parents’ Rights

Eligibility and Specific Learning Disabilities


5. The Individualized Education Program
Intent of the IEP

IEP Meeting

Content of the IEP Document

The Positive Behavioral Intervention Plan

Placement in Alternative Education Setting

Reviews and Reevaluations


6. Options for Service Delivery
Continuum of Program Options

Service Delivery Models

Strategies and Programs for School Sites


Resource A: Characteristics and Criteria for Identifying Students With Learning Disabilities, Dyslexia, Attentional Disorders, and Behavioral Problems
Resource B: Selected Internet Sites
Resource C: Agencies and Organizations
Selected References

"This quick reference reflects 2004 amendments to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) and recent developments for working with children and youth with learning disabilities and learning differences."
—From the Preface

From the Preface

Sample Materials & Chapters


Introduction/Chapter 1

For instructors

Please contact your Academic Consultant to check inspection copy availability for your course.

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ISBN: 9781412925624
ISBN: 9781412925617