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Before the Special Education Referral

Before the Special Education Referral
Leading Intervention Teams

December 2008 | 168 pages | Corwin
Develop an efficient prereferral intervention process that truly benefits students! For struggling students, the effectiveness of a school's prereferral intervention team can dramatically influence their level of school achievement and future success. This resource presents a step-by-step, four-phase model for developing effective prereferral intervention teams and presents methods for evaluating the effectiveness of a prereferral intervention program. The author shows how well-organized prereferral intervention teams can:Identify instructional and behavioral strategies before initiating a referral for a special education evaluationProvide powerful support to the Response to Intervention model for identifying learning disabilities Enhance the collaborative strengths of a professional learning community
About the Author
1. An Introduction to Prereferral Intervention Teams
Variations on a Theme  
Educational Leader's Role  
2. The Analysis and Decision-Making Phase
Costs and Benefits  
Establishing and Analyzing the Task  
Establishing Authority  
3. The Planning and Preparation Phase
Determining Group Composition  
Designing and Communicating the Task  
School and District Supports  
The Team Charter  
4. The Start-Up Phase
Team Boundaries  
Task Redefinition  
Norms and Roles  
The Start-Up Meeting  
The Importance of the Start-Up Meeting  
Initial Prereferral Intervention Team Training  
Staff Awareness  
Staff Training  
5. The Assistance Phase
Eliminating Barriers  
Reflection Activities  
Assistance With Group Processes  
6. Evaluating Prereferral Intervention Teams
Evaluation Tools  
Data Analysis and Action Planning  
7. Connecting Prereferral Intervention Teams and Response to Intervention
The Connection  
Implementation Decisions  
Universal Screening Decisions  
Intervention Tier Decisions  
Intervention Management Team Training and Staff Awareness  
The Combined Process  
Identifying the At-Risk Pool  
Tier Placement  
Final Thoughts  
Resource A: Putting It All Together: The Implementation Plan
Resource B: Implementation Tools

"Clearly and concisely outlines 'good practice procedures' for prereferral teams. The author has put together a very thorough, thoughtful outline from start to finish concerning how to implement these procedures in a true-to-life setting."

Jodie L. Greene, Coordinator of Special Education
Plumsted Township School District, New Egypt, NJ

"A practical approach to the real problems administrators face when dealing with intervention and referral. The writing is clear and concise, providing examples and solutions to real-world situations. This book belongs in every school administrator’s professional library."

Jack Dennis, Principal
Columbia Middle School, Berkeley Heights, NJ

Sample Materials & Chapters


Chapter 1. An Introduction to Prereferral Intervention Teams

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ISBN: 9781412966917
ISBN: 9781412966900