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Applied Social Psychology
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Applied Social Psychology
Understanding and Addressing Social and Practical Problems

Third Edition
Edited by:
Additional resources:


November 2016 | 616 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
This student-friendly introduction to the field focuses on understanding social and practical problems and developing intervention strategies to address them. Offering a balance of theory, research, and application, the updated Third Edition includes the latest research, as well as new, detailed examples of qualitative research throughout. The book begins with separate chapters that define the field, examine social psychological theory, review research methods, and consider the design and evaluation of interventions. Subsequent content chapters focus on the application of social psychological theory and knowledge to such areas as counseling, sports, media, health, education, organizations, criminal justice, community, environment, and diversity.
 
Preface
 
PART I- FOUNDATIONS OF APPLIED SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Frank W. Schneider, Jamie A. Gruman, and Larry M. Coutts
1. Defining the Field of Applied Social Psychology
Social Psychology

 
Defining Social Psychology

 
Social Psychology as a Science

 
Applied Social Psychology

 
Applied Social Psychology as a Science

 
The Role of Personal Values

 
Historical Context of Applied Social Psychology

 
A Problem Focus

 
Approaches to Applied Social Psychology

 
Social Influences on Behavior: The Power of the Situation

 
Levels of Analysis

 
The Need for a Broad Approach

 
Various Roles of Applied Social Psychologists

 
Overview of Book

 
Summary

 
Michelle A. Krieger, Greg A. Chung-Yan, and Shelagh M. J. Towson
2. Social Psychological Theory
The Scientific Process

 
Theory in Social Psychology

 
Functions of Social Psychological Theories

 
Characteristics of Social Psychological Theories

 
Cognitive Dissonance Theory

 
Description

 
Organization

 
Direction

 
Intervention

 
Summing Up Cognitive Dissonance Theory

 
Theory of Planned Behavior

 
Description

 
Organization

 
Direction

 
Intervention

 
Summing Up the Theory of Planned Behavior

 
Summary

 
Kenneth M. Cramer and Louise R. Alexitch
3. Research Methods in Applied Social Psychology
Methods of Data Collection

 
Variables and Their Measurement

 
Self-Report Methods: The Special Case of Surveys

 
Observational Methods

 
Research Designs

 
True Experiments

 
Quasi-Experiments

 
Correlational Studies

 
Descriptive Studies

 
Research Settings

 
Qualitative Research Methods

 
Research Ethics

 
Postscript

 
Summary

 
Adam Lodzinski, Michiko S. Motomura, and Frank W. Schneider
4. Intervention and Evaluation
Design of Interventions

 
Nature of Interventions

 
Key Tasks in Intervention Design and Delivery

 
Evaluation of Interventions

 
Reasons for Evaluating Interventions

 
Ineffective Interventions

 
Types of Evaluation

 
Importance of Research Design in Evaluating Interventions

 
Evidence-Based Interventions

 
An Intervention Example: Reducing Alcohol Problems on Campus

 
Identifying the Problem

 
Developing a Solution: Forming the Intervention Hypothesis

 
Goal Setting and Designing the Intervention

 
Implementing the Intervention

 
Evaluating the Intervention

 
Incorporating Qualitative Methods to Design and Evaluate Interventions

 
Further Applications of Social Norm Theory

 
Other Interventions

 
Examples of Other Interventions

 
Complex Problems Require Complex Solutions

 
Influencing Social Policy

 
Intervention Issues

 
Process Issues

 
Ethical Issues

 
Summary

 
 
PART II APPLYING SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY TO ARENAS OF LIFE
Kenneth E. Hart and Phillip A. Ianni
5. Applying Social Psychology to Clinical and Counseling Psychology
The Origins of Psychological Disorders

 
The Social Psychological Roots of Social Anxiety

 
A Social Psychological Model of Depression

 
The Treatment and Prevention of Psychological Disorders

 
Self-Presentation Theory: An Approach to Treating Social Anxiety

 
Hopelessness Theory Approach to Treating Depression

 
The Diagnosis of Psychological Disorders

 
Biases in Clinical Decision Making

 
Final Thoughts

 
Summary

 
Philip Sullivan, Deborah L. Feltz, and Lori Dithurbide
6. Applying Social Psychology to Sports Teams
Team Dynamics

 
Team Cohesion

 
Team Confidence

 
Effective Communication

 
Team Goal Setting

 
Team Building

 
Family Psychology Intervention

 
Communication Training Intervention

 
Summary

 
David R. Ewoldsen and Beverly Roskos
7. Applying Social Psychology to the Media
How Does Media Violence Affect Us?

 
The Consequences of Viewing Media Violence

 
Imitation of Violence

 
Media Violence and Aggressive Thoughts

 
Media Violence and Fear

 
What Happens When We Watch Pornography?

 
Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Nonviolent Pornography

 
Effects of Exposure to Embedded Violent Sexual Material

 
Reducing the Harmful Effects of Exposure to Violent Sexual Material

 
Does Political News Coverage Affect Us?

 
How the Media Influence Our Thoughts

 
Effects of Negative Media Coverage of the Government

 
Summary

 
Kathryn D. Lafreniere and Kenneth M. Cramer
8. Applying Social Psychology to Health
Health Psychology Defined

 
The Biopsychosocial Model

 
Social Variables and Health

 
Promoting Health and Preventing Illness

 
Persuasion and Social Influence in Media Health Coverage

 
Health Literacy: Evaluating Health-Related Information on the Internet

 
Family, Peer, and School Influences

 
Changing Health Behavior

 
Health Belief Model

 
Theory of Planned Behavior

 
Transtheoretical Model

 
Stress, Coping, and Social Support

 
Stress and Coping

 
Social Support

 
Summary

 
Louise R. Alexitch
9. Applying Social Psychology to Education
Intrapersonal Processes: Increasing Success, Reducing Failure

 
What Factors Affect Student Performance?

 
How Can Student Performance Be Improved?

 
Interpersonal Processes: Teachers and Students Interacting

 
Teacher Expectations and Student Achievement

 
Students Interacting With Other Students

 
When Interactions Turn Ugly: Aggression in School

 
Summary

 
Larry M. Coutts and Jamie A. Gruman
10. Applying Social Psychology to Organizations
The Individual in an Organizational Context

 
Making Sense of Others in the Work Environment

 
Job Satisfaction: Antecedents and Consequences

 
Interpersonal Processes in Organizations

 
Communication

 
Group Decision Making

 
Summary

 
David M. Day and Stéphanie B. Marion
11. Applying Social Psychology to the Criminal Justice System
The Crime and the Criminal

 
The Social Psychology of a Crime

 
The Origins of Criminal Behavior

 
The Response of the Criminal Justice System

 
The Police Investigation

 
The Courtroom

 
The Prison Setting

 
Summary

 
Kathryn D. Lafreniere, Stewart Page, and Charlene Y. Senn
12. Applying Social Psychology to the Community
What Is Community Psychology?

 
Defining Community Psychology

 
Origins of Community Psychology

 
Community Psychology Values and Approaches

 
Sense of Community

 
Life in the City

 
The Internet as a Community and Source of Help

 
Diversity Versus Prejudice and Stigmatization

 
The Importance of Diversity

 
Research on Stigmatization

 
The Media and Stigmatization

 
Bringing About Social Change

 
Social Action and Activism

 
Using Research to Influence Social Change

 
Activism in Research

 
Influencing Policy

 
Changing Structural or Social Barriers

 
Summary

 
Robert Gifford
13. Applying Social Psychology to the Environment
Resource Dilemmas

 
A Family of Dilemmas

 
What Is a Resource Dilemma?

 
Studying Resource Dilemmas

 
Strategies for Inducing Pro-Environment Behavior

 
The Built Environment

 
Social Design

 
Defensible Space

 
Epilogue

 
Summary

 
Catherine T. Kwantes and Sherry Bergeron
14. Applying Social Psychology to Diversity
Societies: Cultural Diversity

 
Hofstede’s Cultural Taxonomy

 
Schwartz’s Values Framework

 
Social Axioms Approach

 
Demographics: Personal Diversity

 
Gender

 
Ethnic Background

 
Social Class

 
Consequences of Diversity: Opportunities and Challenges

 
Creativity and Innovation

 
Problem Solving

 
Prejudice and Discrimination

 
Conflict

 
Theories of Conflict

 
Conflict Management and Resolution

 
Summary

 
 
PART III APPLYING SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY TO ONE’S OWN LIFE
Ann L. Weber and Jennifer Dobson
15. Applying Social Psychology to Personal Relationships
The Need to Be Close

 
Attraction

 
Proximity and Familiarity

 
Physical Attractiveness

 
Attachment

 
Infant Attachment

 
Adult Attachment Styles

 
Assess Your Attachment Style

 
Applying Attachment Lessons

 
The Selection Process

 
The T-Shirt Study

 
Selection Process Lessons and Applications

 
Conclusion: The Science of Closeness

 
Summary

 
Randolph A. Smith
16. Applying Social Psychology to the Classroom
Cognitive Errors and Student–Teacher Relations

 
Fundamental Attribution Error

 
Belief Perseverance

 
Social Categorization

 
Self-Perceptions and Their Academic Consequences

 
Self-Handicapping

 
Self-Serving Bias

 
Overjustification Effect

 
Conclusion: Social Psychology in the Classroom

 
Summary

 
Jamie A. Gruman, Kenneth E. Hart, and Phillip A. Ianni
17. Applying Social Psychology to the Good Life: Balancing Optimism and Pessimism
Introduction to Positive Social Psychology

 
Optimism

 
Introduction to Optimism–Pessimism

 
Self-Assessment of Optimism–Pessimism

 
The Social Psychology of Optimism

 
The Benefits of Optimism

 
Positive Coaching Exercises

 
Pessimism

 
A Balanced View of Optimism and Pessimism

 
Broadening the Perspective on Well-Being

 
Summary

 
 
References
 
Author Index
 
Subject Index
 
About the Editors
 
Contributors

Supplements

Instructor Teaching Site

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It’s easy to log on to SAGE’s password-protected Instructor Teaching Site at study.sagepub.com/gruman3e for complete and protected access to all text-specific Instructor Resources for Gruman’s Applied Social Psychology, Third Edition. Simply provide your institutional information for verification and within 72 hours you’ll be able to use your login information for any SAGE title!

 

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

 

Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.   

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 1

Chapter 2

Chapter 13


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