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Adult Development and Aging

Adult Development and Aging
Growth, Longevity, and Challenges

First Edition

July 2020 | 392 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Topically organized, Adult Development and Aging: Growth, Longevity and Challenges provides students with a comprehensive understanding of the aging process in adulthood from multiple perspectives. The authors use principles of lifespan development to show readers the directionality of changes in early, middle, and late adulthood. Within its framework of scientific literacy, the text charts four key themes to guide learners: a focus on aging as development; a global perspective on contexts; a vibrant, integrated approach to diverse coverage; and psychological science that translates into real-life experiences. A final chapter focuses on ways to improve the experience of aging for all adults.

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Publisher’s Acknowledgments
About the Authors
Chapter 1: Studying Growth and Change Across the Life Span
Principles of Life Span Development

Generational Cohorts

The Multidimensional Nature of Age

Developmental Research Methods: Disentangling Chronological Age, Historical Period, and Generational Cohort

Theoretical Frameworks

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 2: Biological Aging, Health, and Longevity
Why Do We Age? Theories of Biological Aging

Age-Related Changes in Vison

Age-Related Changes in Audition

Age-Related Changes in Gustation

Age-Related Changes in Olfaction

Age-Related Changes in Somesthesis

Specific Chronic Health Conditions

Everyday Experience of Biological Aging

Life Expectancy and Life Span

From Theory to Application: Life Extension and Health Span

Integrating Across Topics

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 3: Cognitive Development Across Adulthood

What Is Cognition?

Psychometric Approach

Crystallized (Gc) and Fluid (Gf) Abilities

Seattle Longitudinal Study and Primary Mental Abilities

Memory as Cognition

Information-Processing Approaches to Cognition

Noncognitive Influences on Cognitive Aging

Memory in Everyday Life

Optimizing Cognition in Adulthood

Other Frameworks Related to Cognitive Aging

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 4: Coping and Resiliency in Adulthood
Life Events as Causes of Change

Stress and Coping in Adulthood

Coping With Loss in Adulthood: An Overview

Influences on How We Cope With Loss: How Death Is Defined

The Meaning We Attach to Death and Dying Influences How We Cope With Loss

Responses to Death and Dying as Influences on Coping With Loss

Coping With and Surviving Loss

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 5: Personality and Emotional Regulation

Defining Personality in Adulthood

Stability and Change: Stage and Non-Stage Theories of Traits

The “Big Five” and Other Personality Models

Observable Behaviors and Impression Management

Resiliency in Adjustment to Aging

Defining Emotional Regulation in Later Life

Emotional Intelligence and Self-Control

Self-Determination and Personal Growth

Different Emotional Coping Styles and Strategies

Emotional Adaptation to Aging-Related Losses and Changes

Therapeutic Interventions to Support Positive Aging Adjustment

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 6: Mental Health and Intervention
Mental Health in Adulthood

Alzheimer’s Disease

The Course of Alzheimer’s Disease

Mild Cognitive Impairment

Disorders That Mimic Dementia

Common Functional Disorders

The Mental Health Challenges Faced by College Students


Other Functional Disorders

Drug Use and Abuse Among Younger and Older Persons

Therapeutic Interventions With Adults and Older Persons

Goals for Therapy With Adults

Therapies With Adults and Older Persons

Behavioral Interventions

Prevention as Therapy

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 7: The Social-Environmental Context of Adulthood and Aging
Understanding and Describing the Environment

Transactions With the Environment

Person-Environment Interaction

Adult Development in Context

Influences on the Developmental Niche in Adulthood: The Healthy and Not-So-Healthy

Real-Life Applications of Person- Environment Fit and Developmental Niche

Making Choices About Alternative Paths of Adult Development

Developmental Tasks in Adulthood: Young Adulthood

Developmental Tasks in Adulthood: Middle Adulthood

Developmental Tasks in Adulthood: Late Adulthood

Housing in Later Life

Older Adults’ Involvement in the Community

Enhancing Older Persons’ Use of Services and Programs

Person-Environment Fit and Quality of Life in Late Adulthood

Societal Intervention as Environmental Change

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 8: Interpersonal Relationships: Our Personal Network of Support
Technology and Social Support

Aging and Convoy Membership

Functions of Social Convoys

Negative Interpersonal Interactions

Intergenerational Relationships: A Key Dimension of Our Convoy of Support

Functions of Intergenerational Relationships

Intergenerational Exchanges of Help and Assistance: Parents and Adult Children

Caregiving in an Intergenerational Context

Caregiving in Adulthood

Elder Abuse

Grandparents as Caregivers

Gender Differences in Social Support

Cultural Variations in the Intergenerational Kinship Network

Educational Implications of Intergenerational Relationships


Interest-Related and Deep Friendships


Remarriage Among Widows and Widowers


Grandparents Raising Their Grandchildren

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 9: Socialization and the Family

Defining Socialization in Adulthood

Socializing Effects of Age (Cohort), Gender, and Culture

Interpersonal Relationships in Adulthood

Partner Selection and Marriage

LGBTQ Relationships

Relationship Satisfaction

Family Relationships

Defining Family in Later Life: Biological and Nonbiological Ties

Aging Family Roles and Transitions

Structural Changes and Adaptations: Divorce, Remarriage, and Blended Forms

Grandparenting and Second Parenthood

Social Networking and the Use of Social Media

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 10: Work

Industrial Gerontology

Current Workforce Trends in the United States and Other Industrialized Nations

Career Trajectories and Transitions Affecting Aging

Situational, Cultural, and Cohort Factors Influencing Workforce Participation

Work-Related Stressors and Adaptation Efforts

Skill Updating to Avoid Obsolescence and Job Loss

Discouraged Older Worker Syndrome and Resilience

Ageism, Age Discrimination, and Older Workers’ Rights and Responsibilities

The Future of an Aging Workforce: National and Global Trends

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 11: Retirement

Concepts/Theories Explaining Retirement Motivation

Types of Retirement Options and Associated Experiences

Health Factors and Gender Differences: Retirement Timing

Preretirement Attitudes and Retirement Preparation

Outcomes From Retirement: Short- and Long-Term Effects

Public Policy and Future Retirement Support Resources: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Summary and Conclusion

Chapter 12: Aging Well: Promoting Healthy Development Across the Life Span
A Brief History of Successful Aging

Successful Aging Versus Healthy Aging

Pulling It All Together

Heterogeneity and Healthy Aging

Multidisciplinary Supports for Healthy Aging

Summary and Conclusion



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