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Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice

Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice

eISSN: 15406520 | ISSN: 10422587 | Current volume: 47 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: Bi-monthly
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice (ETP) is a leading scholarly journal in Entrepreneurship. The journal's mission is to publish original conceptual and empirical research that contributes to the advancement of entrepreneurship. ETP is consistently ranked as one of the most influential business journals of the Journal Citation Reports and by the Financial Times as one of the top journals.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice (ETP) is an interdisciplinary scholarly journal for conceptual and empirical research that develops, tests or extends theory relating to entrepreneurship, broadly defined. Article Topics include, but are not limited to:

  • New Venture Creation, Development, Growth, and Performance
  • Characteristics, Behaviors and Types of Entrepreneurs
  • Small Business Management
  • Family-Owned Businesses
  • Corporate, Social, and Sustainable Entrepreneurship
  • National and International Studies of Enterprise Creation
  • Research Methods in Entrepreneurship
  • Venture Financing
Johan Wiklund Syracuse University, USA
Engagement Director
Arielle Newman Syracuse University, USA
Senior Editors
Candida Brush Babson College, USA
James Chrisman Mississippi State University, USA
Markku Maula Aalto University, Finland
Friederike Welter IfM Bonn and Universitat Siegen, Germany
Karl Wennberg Linköping University, Sweden
Thomas Allison Texas Christian University, USA
Pia Arenius RMIT University, Australia
Bat Batjargal Oklahoma State University, USA
Cristiano Bellavitis Syracuse University, USA
Gaylen Chandler Wichita State University, USA
Alfredo De Massis Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy
Christina Guenther WHU Otto Beisheim School of Management, Germany
Rick Hunt Virginia Tech, USA
Sarah Jack Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden
Franz Kellermanns University of North Carolina-Charlotte, USA
Moren Levesque York University, Canada
Susan Marlow Nottingham University Business School, UK
Tomasz Mickiewicz Aston University, UK
Danny Miller HEC Montreal, Canada
Pankaj Patel Villanova University, USA
Holger Patzelt Technical University Munich, Germany
Jeff Pollack North Carolina State University, USA
Andreas Rauch University of Sydney, Australia
Maija Renko DePaul University, USA
Armin Schwienbacher SKEMA Business School, France
Erik Stam Utrecht University, Netherlands
Wouter Stam VU University Amsterdam, Netherlands
Ute Stephan Kings College, UK
Marilyn Uy Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Silvio Vismara University of Bergamo, Italy
Bill Wales SUNY Albany, USA
Trenton Williams Indiana University, USA
Joakim Wincent Hanken School of Economics, Finland
Editorial Review Board
Michael A. Abebe The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, USA
Mujtaba Ahsan San Diego State University, USA
Sara Alshareef King Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
Matt Allen Babson College, USA
Gry Agnete Alsos University of Nordland, Norway
Elisa Alt King's College London - Strand Campus, U.K
Allen C. Amason Georgia Southern University, USA
José Amorós Instituto Tecnologico y de Estudios Superiores de Monterrey, Mexico
Brian Anderson University of Missouri at Kansas City, USA
Petra Andries University of Ghent, Belgium
John Angelis Elizabethtown College, USA
Aaron Anglin University of Oklahoma, U.S
Sebastian Aparicio Durham University, UK
Jean-Luc Arrègle EMLYON Business School, France
Jonathan Arthurs Oregon State University, USA
Violetta Bacon-Gerasymenko Oregon State University, USA
Sophie Bacq Indiana University Bloomington, USA
Robert A. Baron Oklahoma State University, USA
Massimo Bau Jönköping University, Sweden
Judith Behrens Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Belgium
Cristiano Bellavitis Syracuse University, USA
Cyrine Ben-Hafaïedh IESEG School of Management - Campus de Paris, France
Heiko Bergmann University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Joern Block Universität Trier, Germany
James Bort University of Missouri, USA
Steven W. Bradley Baylor University, USA
Anna Brattström Lund University, Sweden
Malte Brettel RWTH Aachen University, Germany
Nicola Breugst Technical University Munich, Germany
Frederik Von Briel University of Queensland, Australia
Keith Brigham Texas Tech University, USA
Keith Brouthers Kings College London, UK
Peter Bryant IE Business School, Spain
Mickael Buffart Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden
Elco van Burg Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, NL
Janice Byrne Ivey Business School, Canada
Joseph J. Cabral Louisiana State University, USA
Goran Calic McMaster University, Canada
Albert A. Cannella, Jr. Texas A&M University, USA
Melissa Cardon University of Tennessee Knoxville, USA
Michael Carney Concordia University, Canada
Jon Carr North Carolina State University, USA
Gary Castrogiovanni Florida Atlantic University, USA
Dominic Chalmers University of Glasgow, UK
Elsa Chan City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Param Pal Singh Chhabra University of Alberta, Canada
Francesco Chirico Macquarie University, Australia
George Christopoulos Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Veroniek Collewaert Vlerick Business School, Belgium
Mark A. Conley Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden
Andrew Corbett Babson College, USA
Nicole Coviello Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Jeffrey G. Covin Indiana University, USA
Christopher Crawford Rutgers University, USA
Annalisa Croce Polytechnic of Milan, Italy
Cristina Cruz Serrano IE Business School, Spain
Joshua J. Daspit Texas State University, USA
Per Davidsson Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Blakley Davis Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
Bart Debicki Towson University, USA
Caroline Decker-Lange The Open University, UK
Frederic Delmar EMLYON Business School, France
Cristina Diaz Universidad de Castilla La Mancha, Spain
Stanislav Dobrev University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, USA
Anne Domurath Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Evan Douglas Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Andreana Drencheva King’s College London, UK
Kim Eddleston Northeastern University, USA
Linda Edelman Bentley University, USA
Amanda Elam Galaxy Diagnostics
Prescott C. Ensign Wilfrid Laurier University, Canada
Saul Estrin London School of Economics, UK
Hanqing Fang Missouri University of Science and Technology, USA
Steffen Farny Leuphania University, Germany
Riccardo Fini University of Bologna, Italy
Christian Fisch University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg
Eileen Fischer York University, Canada
Maw Der Foo Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Rebecca Franklin Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada
Yingzhu Fu Central South University Business School, China
Rosanna Garcia Worcester Polytechnic Institute, USA
Robert Garrett University of Louisville, USA
Marco van Gelderen VU University, Netherlands
Michael Gielnik National University of Singapore, Singapore
Jeff Gish University of Central Florida, USA
David Gras Texas Christian University, USA
Denis Gregoire HEC Montreal, Canada
Dietmar Grichnik University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Maribel Guerrero Northumbria University Newcastle Business School, U.K
Vishal Gupta University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama
Andreas Hack University of Bern, Switzerland
Ralph Hamann University of Cape Town, South Africa
Suho Han Syracuse University, USA
Isabella R. Hatak University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Helen Haugh Cambridge University, UK
Diana Hechavarria Univerrsity of South Florida, USA
Karin Hellerstedt Jönköping International Business School, Sweden
Daniel Hjorth Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Timothy Holcomb Miami University, USA
Benson Honig McMaster University, Canada
Winifred Huang University of Bath, UK
Ari Hyytinen Hanken, Finland
Anna Jenkins University of Queensland, Australia
David Jiang Georgia Southern University, USA
Linlin Jin Guangdong University of Technology, China
Sophia Johan Florida Atlantic University, USA
Amol Joshi Oregon State University, USA
Rachida Justo Instituto de Empresa Business School, Spain
Nadine Kammerlander WHU-Otto Beisheim School of Management, Germany
Tomas Karlsson Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden
Shoko Kato Rutgers University, USA
Teemu Kautonen United Arab Emirates University, UAE
Ewald Kibler Aalto University, Finland
Roland Kidwell Florida Atlantic University, USA
Kim Klyver University of Southern Denmark, Denmark
Mirjam Knockaert Ghent University, Belgium
Josip Kotlar Politecnico di Milano, Italy
Patrick Kreiser Iowa State University, USA
Seok-Woo Kwon University of Calgary, Canada
Wadid Lamine University of Ottawa, Canada
Isabelle Le Breton-Miller HEC Montreal, Canada
In Hyeock (Ian) Lee Loyola University Chicago, USA
Claire Leitch Lancaster University, UK
Mike Lerman Iowa State University, USA
Daniel Lerner IE Business School, Spain
Benyamin Lichtenstein University of Massachusetts-Boston, USA
Dominic Lim University of Western Ontario, Canada
Francisco Liñán University of Seville, Spain
Franz Lohrke Samford University, USA
Carina Lomberg Technical University of Denmark, Denmark
Rebecca Long Mississippi State University, USA
G. T. Lumpkin University of Oklahoma, USA
Kincy Madison Oklahoma State University, USA
Sumeet Malik University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands
Malin Malmstrom Lulea University, Sweden
Tatiana Manolova Bentley University, USA
Lou Marino University of Alabama, USA
Laura Marler Mississippi State University, USA
Bruce Martin Thompson Rivers University, Canada
Matthew Marvel Ball State University, USA
Andrew Maxwell University of Waterloo, Canada
Ambra Mazzelli Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
Maura McAdam DCU, Ireland
Matthew McCaffrey University of Manchester, UK
Brian McCann Vanderbilt University, USA
Aaron McKenny Indiana University, USA
Michele Meoli University of Bergamo, Italy
Miguel Meuleman Vlerick Business School, Belgium and Imperial College, UK
Tim Michaelis Northern Illinois University, USA
J. Robert Mitchell University of Western Ontario, Canada
Ronald K. Mitchell Texas Tech University, USA
Nick Mmbaga Butler University, USA
Ali Mohammadi Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Paul Momtaz Goethe University Frankfurt, Germany
Erik Monsen University of Vermont, USA
Todd Moss Syracuse University, USA
Pablo Munoz Roman University of Liverpool, UK
Charles Murnieks Oregon State University, USA
Lucia Naldi Jönköping International Business School, Sweden
Meyyappan Narayanan Lahehead University, Canada
Robert S. Nason McGill University, Canada
Helle Neergaard Aarhus University, Denmark
Arielle Newman Syracuse University, USA
Charlene Nicholls-Nixon Ryerson University, Canada
Boris Nikolaev Baylor University, USA
Mattias Nordqvist Stockholm School of Economics, Sweden
Martin Obschonka Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Leslie E. Palich Baylor University, USA
J. Ari Pandes University of Calgary, Canada
David Park Syracuse University, USA
Tyge Payne Texas Tech University, USA
John Pearce Villanova University, USA
Ana Maria Peredo University of Victoria, Canada
Ana Pérez-Luño Pablo de Olavide University, Spain
Torsten Pieper University of North Carolina, Charlotte, USA
Daniel Rabetti Tel Aviv University, Israel
Einar Rasmussen Nord University, Norway
Anna Rebmann King's College London, UK
Rebecca Reuber University of Toronto, Canada
Frederik Riar University of Bern, Switzerland
Frank van Rijnsoever Utrecht University, Netherlands
Emanuela Rondi Free University of Bozen-Bolzano, Italy
Mikko Rönkkö University of Jyväskylä, Finland
Nina Rusenbusch Wilfred Laurier University, Canada
Saadat Saeed Durham University Business School, UK
Susana Santos Rowan University Rohrer College of Business, U.S
Leon Schjoedt Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Jana Schmutzler Universidad del Norte, Colombia
William S. Schulze University of Utah
Andreas Schwab Iowa State University, USA
Susan Schwarz Aston University, UK
Denis Schweizer Concordia University, Canada
Christian Schwens Heinrich-Heine University Dusseldorf, Germany
Salvatore Sciascia Università Cattaneo – LIUC, Italy
Kourosh Shafi California State University East Bay, USA
Raj Shankar Great Lakes Institute of Management, India
Pramodita Sharma University of Vermont, USA
Dean A. Shepherd Kelley School of Business, Indiana University, USA
Nadav Shir Ono Academic College, Israel
Galina Shirokova St. Petersburg University, Russia
Jeremy Short University of North Texas, USA
Philipp Sieger University of Bern, Switzerland
Sharon Simmons University of Missouri-Kansas City, USA
Mark Simon Oakland University, USA
Raja Singaram Audencia Business School, France
Ana Cristina Siqueira William Paterson University
Brock Smith University of Victoria, Canada
Yuliya Snihur TBS Education, France
Jeffrey E. Sohl University of New Hampshire, USA
Vangelis Souitaris City University London, UK
Ben Spigel University of Edinburgh, UK
Ute Stephan Kings College, UK
Chris Stevens Gonzaga University, USA
Annapoornima Subramanian National University of Singapore, Singapore
Diane Sullivan University of Dayton, USA
Christopher Sutter Miami University, USA
Evangelos Syrigos University of Zurich, Switzerland
Siri Terjesen American University, USA
Sara Thorgren Luleå University of Technology, Sweden
Roy Thurik Erasmus University Rotterdam, Netherlands
Varkey K. Titus Jr. University of Nebraska - Lincoln, USA
Erno Tornikoski University of Exeter, UK
David Townsend Virginia Tech, USA
Reg Tucker Louisiana State University, USA
Roxana Turturea Aalto University, Finland
Deniz Ucbasaran Warwick Business School, UK
Lorraine Uhlaner EDHEC Business School, France
Diemo Urbig Brandenburg University of Technology, Germany
Tom Vanacker Ghent University, Belgium
James Vardaman University of Memphis, USA
Ingrid Verheul RSM, The Netherlands
Silvio Vismara University of Bergamo, Italy
Wim Voordeckers Hasselt University, Belgium
Alexander Vossen University of Siegen, Germany
Dominika Wach Technische Universitat Dresden, Germany
Jon M. Werner University of Wisconsin-Whitewater, USA
Page West Wake Forest University, USA
Nick Williams Leeds University, UK
Trent Williams Indiana University, USA
Marcus T. Wolfe University of Oklahoma, USA
Zhenyu Wu University of Manitoba, Canada
Mirela Xheneti University of Sussex, UK
Justin Yan Baylor University, USA
Jeffrey York University of Colorado, Boulder, USA
Wei Yu National University Singapore, Singapore
Anica Zayen University of London, UK
Thomas Zellweger University of St. Gallen, Switzerland
Siran Zhan University of New South Wales, Australia
Yanlong Zhang Peking University, China
Wubiao Zhou Newcastle University, UK
  • Business ASAP (GALE Cengage)
  • Business Abstracts (EBSCO Publishing)
  • CSA Biological Sciences Database (ProQuest)
  • CSA Environmental Sciences & Pollution Management Database (ProQuest)
  • Clarivate Analytics: Social Science Citation Index
  • Current Contents: Social & Behavioral Sciences (Clarivate Analytics)
  • EBSCO: MasterFILE Elite
  • Ecology Abstracts (ProQuest)
  • Emerald Management Reviews
  • Expanded Academic ASAP (GALE Cengage)
  • IBSS: International Bibliography of the Social Sciences (ProQuest)
  • InfoTrac (GALE Cengage)
  • OmniFile Full Text Mega Edition (HW Wilson)
  • OmniFile Full Text Select (H.W. Wilson)
  • PAIS: Public Affairs Information Service (ProQuest)
  • ProQuest Accounting and Tax Database
  • ProQuest Central (ProQuest)
  • ProQuest: ABI/INFORM Complete
  • PsycINFO/Psychological Abstracts (APA)
  • RePEc: Research Papers in Economics
  • Scopus
  • This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice will be reviewed.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    To submit your manuscript, please go to the following link:

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Authorship
      2.2 Acknowledgements
      2.3 Declaration of conflicting interests
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice (ETP) is a leading scholarly journal in Entrepreneurship. The journal's mission is to publish original conceptual and empirical research that contributes to the advancement of entrepreneurship.  ETP is consistently ranked as one of the most influential business journals of the Journal Citation Reports and by the Financial Times as one of the top journals.

    Before submitting your manuscript to Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice (ETP) is an interdisciplinary scholarly journal for conceptual and empirical research that develops, tests or extends theory relating to entrepreneurship, broadly defined. Article topics include, but are not limited to:

    • New Venture Creation, Development, Growth, and Performance
    • Characteristics, Behaviors, and Types of Entrepreneurs
    • Small Business Management
    • Family-Owned Businesses
    • Corporate, Social, and Sustainable Entrepreneurship
    • National and International Studies of Enterprise Creation
    • Research Methods in Entrepreneurship
    • Venture Financing

    1.2 Article types

    Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice publishes Editorials, Original Articles, and Research Briefs.

    It is difficult to state exactly what is expected from a paper submitted ETP because ETP is an eclectic and multidisciplinary journal that welcomes many different types of papers (e.g., empirical papers using qualitative or quantitative analyses, conceptual papers, and research briefs). However, keep in mind that because ETP is a leading journal, competition for publishing space is intense. Less than 10% of all papers submitted get accepted for publication, meaning that the vast majority of submitted papers are rejected. The best way of getting a sense of expectations is probably to review previous papers published in the journal. In addition, make sure to review the aims and scope of the journal and remember that ETP is a scholarly journal for conceptual and empirical research that develops, tests, and/or extends theory relating to entrepreneurship, broadly defined, in a way that significantly contributes to knowledge.

    ETP publishes three types of papers: Editorials, Original Articles, and Research Briefs.

    1.2.1 Editorials

    Editorials are typically written by members of the editorial team or by guest editors of special issues by invitation of the Editor-in-Chief. Editorials provide overviews, insights, and recommendations for authors aiming to publish in the journal. Topics range from writing, quantitative and qualitative methods, literature reviews, theories, and new phenomena in entrepreneurship research.

    1.2.2 Original Articles

    Original Article submissions are typically no more than 40 pages, double-spaced 12-point Times New Roman font, with 1-inch margins. There is no lower page limit for an Original Article. Thus, shorter entrepreneurship papers of general nature belong in this category, not the Research Brief category.

    1.2.3 Research Briefs

    ETP publishes 4 types of Research Briefs, all of which should be no longer than 20 pages, plus tables and references. Similar to Original Articles and Editorials, all Research Briefs are assessed according to ETP’s double-anonymize peer review procedure. More information about the various types of research briefs we published are outlined below:

    (1) Replication studies. Studies that replicate prior empirical studies that have made an important contribution to the entrepreneurship field. Since all replication papers should be grounded in a rich theoretical context, and situated in prior empirical findings, we require that all replication studies preregister their research question, potential hypotheses, and their methods via Open Science Framework (OSF). For replication studies, we urge submitting authors to distinguish between (a) replication studies seeking to reproduce the results of an earlier study using the identical research design and sample/sampling procedure, and (b)replication with extension studies that seek to replicate an earlier study in a different setting/context, with different data and/or sampling procedure, with empirical and/or theoretical extensions such as post-hoc test, contingent tests of hypotheses, etc. See e.g. Hubbard et al. (SMJ, 1998) for a discussion of various replication formats.

    (2) Registered reports. Studies that motivate and theorize on some entrepreneurship-related phenomenon, derive hypotheses from the theory, and outline a research design/sampling procedure, ex ante to executing the outlined study. The registered report undergoes a double-anonymize review identical to all ETP papers. If accepted, the paper receives a condition accept and the study can be executed as outlined, and the final version (with data, results, and conclusions, i.e. a full-length paper) are submitted for final review. For examples of registered reports, see:

    (3) Theoretical briefs. Papers that seek to shed light on, critically discuss, compare/contrast, or otherwise provide important new insights on some theory(ies) or theoretical concept(s) of interest to entrepreneurship research.

    (4) Methodological briefs. Papers that seek to explain, exemplify, compare, calibrate, or otherwise discuss some method or methodological aspect commonly used or argued to be of potential importance to entrepreneurship research.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. SAGE Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.2 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.2.1 Third party submissions

    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    •    Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input 
    •    Identify any entities that paid for this assistance 
    •    Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.3 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information on Open Access publishing options at SAGE please visit SAGE Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    Regular paper submissions are typically no more than 40 pages, double-spaced 12 points Times New Roman, with 1 inch margins, all inclusive. For research briefs, the corresponding page length is typically no more than 25 pages with the same formatting guidelines.

    Authors are able to submit files in LaTeX format if desired. For uploading LaTeX files:

    1.  Always upload the main LaTeX file first, selecting the file designation of Main Document.
    2.  Then, upload each file that is related to the main .TEX file and is needed for processing, selecting the file designation of TeX/LaTeX Suppl File.
    3.  Be sure to upload all style sheets, reference files, and at least one bibliography file, that are part of the document.
    4.  All image files must be saved and uploaded in .EPS format in order for the file to properly format and convert.
    5.  If changes are made to the main LaTeX document after all of the related files have been uploaded, all supplementary LaTeX files will have to be removed and re-uploaded.

    If you are continuing to have issues uploading your LaTex files then you may also upload a pdf version of your main document and upload the Tex file as a copy which will be handled in production stages if the paper is accepted.


    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines 

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files

    Please read the attached letter from the editor regarding publishing multiple papers from the same dataset

    4.4 Reference style

    Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice adheres to the APA reference style. View the APA guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Harvard EndNote output file [OR] the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. 

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice Editor-in-Chief, Johan Wiklund:

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