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Why Organizations?

Why Organizations?
How and Why People Organize

March 1993 | 264 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Why do organizations exist? Why cannot the market - that is, free contracts between single buyers and sellers - solve all production and distribution problems? What are the causes behind the rise of industrial enterprises and other hierarchies?

In Why Organizations?, Bengt Abrahamsson raises these and other questions and discusses the conditions for the emergence of hierarchy, bureaucracy and democracy in organizations - and why organizations are needed at all. The framework for his discussion is rationalistic organization theory based on concepts such as rationality, interest, power, form and function, external forces and inner logic, organizational mandators and executives.

The Phenomenon of the Organization

The Anarchistic Ideal
The Desire for Non-Organization

Why Organizations?
The Theory of Groups and the Free Rider Problem
Special-Interest Organizations, Monopolies, and the Collective Voice
Outer Forces and Inner Logic
Why Inner Logic? On Transaction Costs and Other Forces that Create Hierarchy
Mastering the Organization
Problems of Bureaucracy and Legitimacy

Form and Function in Organization Theory
A Summarizing Discussion

What is Rationality? On Goal and Value Rationality, Individual and Social Rationality
The Concept of Interest
Subjective and Objective Interests

From the Part to the Whole, and Vice-Versa
The Problem of Aggregation and the Choice of the Unit of Analysis

The Actors in the Organization
Mandator and Executive, Employees and Clients

The Organization Process

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ISBN: 9780803950405