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Transforming Indian Agriculture-India 2040

Transforming Indian Agriculture-India 2040
Productivity, Markets, and Institutions

  • Marco Ferroni - Executive Director, Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture, Basel, Switzerland

February 2013 | 368 pages | SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd
India's recent performance in agriculture has been favorable, with agricultural production growing over the past 30 years. Yet there is widespread consensus that, relative to the rest of the economy, agriculture is lagging and that it can and must do much better to support india's overall high economic growth and dynamism.

This book explores the future and presents the audacious question: what could the agricultural sector in India look like 30 years from now and how should it look if it is to successfully meet the needs of the country's affluent society?

In order to address this question, this book proposes a set of recommendations that should be implemented on a priority basis. These recommendations are as follows: (i) make public programs much more focused and effective; (ii) recognize water as a critical, long-term constraint to India's agricultural growth and give top priority to significantly improving the efficiency of water use; (iii) promote new high-yield seeds and related technologies, including mechanization, to improve yields and productivity; (iv) improve the effectiveness of agricultural research and extension; (v) support further improvements of the farm-to-market value chain and reduce spoilage; and (vi) improve markets and incentives related to agriculture through reforms of prices, trade, and subsidies.

The vision of what India's economy in 2040 should and can look like, with an affluent and modern agricultural sector, will require fundamental changes in both the demand and supply sides of Indian agriculture. The vision is based not on projections but on how India's agricultural sector needs to adapt to match the economy's progress as a whole. This vision is plausible but it is by no means certain.

Foreword Montek Singh Ahluwalia
Introduction Marco Ferroni, Harinder S Kohli, and Anil Sood
Productivity, Markets, and Institutions Harinder S Kohli and Anil Sood
A Vision of Indian Agriculture in 2040 Harinder S Kohli and Anil Sood
Legacies of the Past and Key Challenges Harinder S Kohli and Anil Sood
Framework to Achieve India's Agricultural Transformation Harinder S Kohli and Anil Sood
Annex I.1. National Food Security, Productivity, Irrigation Growth, and Trade-The Model, Assumptions, and Results Hans P Binswanger-Mkhize and Kirit Parikh
Part II
India 1960-2010: Structural Changes, the Rural Non-farm Sector, and the Prospects for Agriculture Hans P Binswanger-Mkhize
Agricultural Diversification in India: Trends, Contributions to Growth, and Small Farmers' Participation Pratap S Birthal, P K Joshi, and A.V. Narayanan
Improving Water Use Efficiency: New Directions for Water Management in India Richard Ackermann
Review of Agricultural Extension in India Marco Ferroni and Yuan Zhou
Agricultural Research for Sustainable Productivity Growth Partha Das Gupta and Marco Ferroni
The Quiet Revolution in India's Food Supply Chains Thomas Reardon and Bart Minten

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