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The Garrison State

The Garrison State
Military, Government and Society in Colonial Punjab, 1849-1947

First Edition

June 2018 | 333 pages | SAGE India
Following the Mutiny of 1857, various factors impelled the British to turn to the province of Punjab in north-western India as the principal recruiting ground for the Indian Army. This book examines the processes by which the politics and political economy of colonial Punjab was militarised by the province`s position as the `sword arm` of the Raj.

The militarisation of the administration in the Punjab was characterised by a conjunction of the military, civil and political authorities. This led to the emergence of a uniquely civil-military regime, a phenomenon that was not replicated anywhere else in British India, indeed in the Empire. Analysing these events, this book:
- Studies the manner in which the Punjab became the main recruiting ground for the Indian Army
- Looks at how certain districts were selected for military recruitment, and the factors motivating the `military classes` among the Punjabis to join the Army
- Discusses the effects of the First World War on the recruitment process in the Punjab
- Highlights the role the civil-military regime played in the politics of the Punjab, its survival after the Second World War and the manner in which it handled the demand for Pakistan and the subsequent partitioning of the province.
A 'Return to Arms': Colonial Punjab and the Indian Army
Recruiting in the Punjab: 'Martial Races' and the Military Districts
Garrison Province at Work: Punjab and the First World War
Maintaining the Military Districts: Civil-Military Integration and District Soldiers' Boards
Managing the 'Martials': Control and Concessions
Securing the Reins of Power: Politics and Punjab's Rural-Military Elites
The Garrison State Cracks: Punjab and the Second World War

"Tan Tai Yong has written a clear, solidly researched, new style account. Tan's well-crafted account brings many threads of the story together. The Garrison State should interest many: South Asia specialists in many disciplines; most students of colonialism and/or military history; and those general readers who wish to penetrate the headlines to understand better the roots of a postcolonial state such a Pakistan."

Ian J. Kerr
University of Manitoba

"The book is a valuable addition to not only the history of the Punjab, but also to wider literature on military and British imperial history. It will also be of immense value to political scientists and other scholars of contemporary Pakistan."

Ian Talbot
University of Southampton

The author highlights the role that the administration played after the second world war, and the manner in which it handled the demand for Pakistan and the subsequent partitioning of the province. This book will be of interest to historians of the Punjab and political scientists.

USI Journal

This study examines how following the Mutiny of 1857 Punjab became the main recruiting ground for the Indian army, and the politics and political economy of the colonial Punjab were militarized.

International Review of Social History

Young’s work…transcends narrow disciplinary divisions and speaks as much to national security studies and international politics as it does to military history.

South Asian Survey

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