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Teaching Young Children With ADHD

Teaching Young Children With ADHD
Successful Strategies and Practical Interventions for PreK-3

Edited by:

May 2007 | 208 pages | Corwin
Though many books exist to help teachers of school-age children with ADHD, not much has been written with the early childhood educator in mind. This unique book is specifically written for preschool and early elementary educators. Its focus is not to discuss guidelines for diagnosing ADHD in young children, but to provide PreKû3 teachers with a better understanding of the disorder, how to recognize it, and how it impacts both social-emotional and educational development. Children who exhibit ADHD behaviors need early educational support to minimize learning challenges and classroom disruption. The authors present a variety of strategies for classroom adaptations (both environmental and instructional), as well as practical interventions to develop appropriate social skills, manage classroom behavior, help children with ADHD master the particularly challenging task of writing, and communicate effectively with parents. One chapter reviews what teachers should know about medications and how they affect behavior in the classroom. An extensive Resource section at the end of the book offers detailed profiles of children in preschool and primary grades diagnosed with ADHD. Though this book has been written to help children who struggle with attentional issues, teachers will find the strategies applicable for all children in their classrooms.
Foreword by Meredith Cathcart
About the Authors
1. Yes, ADHD Is a Real Disorder!
Myth or Fact?  
Diagnostic Criteria  
Manifestations of ADHD  
Prevalence of ADHD  
Recognizing and Understanding ADHD in Young Children  
What Causes ADHD?  
Creating an Optimal Learning Environment  
2. Recognizing ADHD: Primary Symptoms and Common Impairments
Other Behaviors Often Seen in Children With ADHD  
Impairments in Executive Functioning  
Temperament and ADHD  
3. Developing and Reinforcing Appropriate Social Skills
Preschool and Elementary School as the Training Ground  
What Are Social Skills and Why Are They So Important?  
Social-Skills Development  
Strategies That Support Social Skill Development  
Five Problem-Solving Areas That Challenge Children With ADHD  
Suggestions for Reinforcing Appropriate Social Behaviors  
Challenging Settings for Children With ADHD  
4. Help, This Kid Is Driving Me Crazy!!: Proactive Classroom Management and Positive Behavior Supports
Developing a Personal Philosophy of Behavior Management  
Analyzing Behavior  
Putting the Strategies to Practice  
5. How Do I Teach This Kid? Classroom Strategies to Support All Learners
Classroom Success Is Possible  
Treating Children With ADHD Fairly  
Defining the Objective of the Lesson  
The Differentiated Classroom  
Making Appropriate Accommodations  
Beyond Accommodations and Interventions: The Special Education Referral  
Learning Disabilities  
Other Health Impaired  
6. Why Is Writing So Hard? Specific Strategies to Develop Writing Skills
Why Writing Is So Hard  
Teaching Early Writing  
Analyzing Writing Tasks  
Scaffolds for Writing Success  
The Dreaded Book Report!  
The Even More Dreaded Written Report  
7. What Teachers Should Know About Medication
What Medications Are Most Commonly Used to Treat ADHD?  
What Changes Can I Expect to See With My Students on Stimulants?  
Do Stimulants Cure ADHD? How Do These Medicines Work?  
How Long Does a Child With ADHD Need to Be on Medication Before It Works?  
How Will I Know If My Student Is Over-Medicated?  
If the Medicine Works, Does That Confirm That the Diagnosis of ADHD Is Correct?  
What Are the Possible Side Effects of Stimulants That My Student Might Experience?  
What Information From Teachers Is Helpful to Doctors?  
Are Stimulants Addictive?  
Can Stimulants Lead to Problems With Abuse of Other Drugs?  
Are There Particular Kids Who Would Be Expected to Do Poorly on Stimulants?  
Are There Children Who Need to be on Medication Only at School?  
Are there Problems With Adverse Drug Interactions if a Child Is on a Stimulant?  
I've Heard That Kids Can Become Psychotic on Stimulants. Is It True?  
Can Stimulants Be Used by Children Younger Than Age 5?  
My Students Used to Do Well on Ritalin, but Now It Doesn't Seem to Work. What's Going On?  
Are There Any Good Natural Remedies Available for Treating ADHD?  
One of My Students Is on Prozac. Is This Commonly Used in Young Children With ADHD?  
Do Medications Help Learning Disabilities?  
One of My Students Is Very Defiant and Oppositional. Will Medications Help With This?  
8. Communicating Effectively With Parents
Parents: The Most Important Resource  
Respect and Acknowledge the Challenges Parents Face  
Criticism Is the Least Effective Form for Change  
ADHD as an "Excuse"  
Helping Parents Separate Enabling From Supportive Decisions  
When It Seems a Child Might Have ADHD  
When Parents Don't Disclose That Their Child Is Taking Medication  
Regular Communication Is Critical  
9. Taking Care of Yourself
Recognizing the Signs of Stress  
Suggested Ways to Lower Stress  
Resource A: Recognizing ADHD in Preschool and Primary Grades: Real Profiles
Resource B: Other Disorders Sometimes Associated With ADHD
Resource C: Childhood Disorders and Conditions That Can Mimic ADHD in Young Children
Resource D: Recommended Books for Teachers
Resource E: Useful Web Sites

"Well written, easy to read, and comprehensive in scope. The advice, strategies, and vignettes are all excellent."

Sandra F. Rief
Author of How to Reach & Teach Children With ADD/ADHD and The ADHD Book of Lists

"This is the most complete and definitive book on the topic. A must-read for every educator and administrator."

Carol S. Reynolds, Principal
Frostproof Elementary School, FL

"From interventions and ideas for helping kids with ADHD learn to tips for understanding medications, this pairs profiles of kids with ADHD with tested solutions teachers can use throughout the analysis, intervention, and educational process."

California Bookwatch, June 2008
Midwest Book Review

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ISBN: 9781412941600