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Race, Crime, and Justice: Contexts and Complexities
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Race, Crime, and Justice: Contexts and Complexities

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June 2009 | 232 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

To what extent does racial discrimination exist within the criminal justice system, and to what extent is that inequality in crime and justice an outgrowth of structured societal inequality? The empirical picture of racism and criminal justice is complex, and although a large body of valuable research on the intersection of race and crime exists, new and innovative research is needed. This special volume of The ANNALS lays a solid foundation for that research.

Examining the causes, consequences, and potentially dynamic and interactive processes that sustain racial and ethnic differences in criminal offending, victimization, and justice processing, this volume of The ANNALS takes an important step toward presenting cutting-edge empirical research in this area. It takes an expansive and critical view of the relationships among race, ethnicity, crime, and justice.

The provocative articles included in this volume are an outgrowth of the work of the Racial Democracy, Crime, and Justice Network (RDCJN), which was originally organized to bring together a diverse group of scholars to stimulate, conduct, and support scholarship that deepens and challenges current knowledge on racial and ethnic differentials in all aspects of crime and justice.

This volume is organized into three broad sections that represent the types of emergent research from this network of scholars and focuses on patterns, processes, and consequences:

· Section I discusses patterns of race-ethnic inequality in crime and justice.

· Section II investigates specific social processes that link race/ethnicity to inequitable patterns of crime and justice.

· Section III emphasizes the societal consequences of racialized crime and justice patterns, processes and policy.

This volume of The ANNALS provides an innovative approach to understanding the ways that race, ethnicity, crime, and justice are interconnected within the racialized U.S. society, but it also fosters solutions to inequalities in the criminal justice arena. Students, scholars and policymakers will find this collection of cutting-edge articles avoids taking a one-size-fits-all approach to problems of inequity and offers meaningful and novel perspectives to this complex volume.

Lauren J. Krivo and Ruth D. Peterson
Introduction:
 
Section I. Patterns:
Jeffrey M. Cancino, Ramiro Martinez, Jr. and Jacob I. Stowell
The Impact of Neighborhood Context on Intragroup and Intergroup Robbery: The San Antonio Experience
Deanna L. Wilkinson, Chauncey Beaty, and Regina M. Lurry
Youth Violence—Crime or Self-Help? Marginalized Urban Males' Perspectives on the Limited Efficacy of the Criminal Justice System to Stop Youth Violence
Carmen Solis, Edwardo Portillos, and Rod K. Brunson
Latino Youths' Experiences with and Perceptions of Involuntary Police Encounters
Patricia Y. Warren and Amy Farrell
The Environmental Context of Racial Profiling
Gale Iles
The Effects of Race/Ethnicity and National Origin on Length of Sentence in the United States Virgin Islands
 
Section II. Processes
Jorge Chavez and Doris Marie Provine
Race and the Response of State Legislatures to Unauthorized Immigrants
Ruth D. Peterson and Lauren J. Krivo
Segregated Spatial Locations, Race-Ethnic Composition, and Neighborhood Violent Crime
Hilary Smith, Nancy Rodriguez, and Marjorie S. Zatz
Race, Ethnicity, Class, and Noncompliance with Juvenile Court Supervision
Amy Farrell Geoff Ward and Danielle Rousseau
Race-Effects of Representation among Federal Court Workers: Does Black Workforce Representation Reduce Sentencing Disparities?
Robert D. Crutchfield and David Pettinicchio
Cultures of Inequality: Ethnicity, Immigration, Social Welfare, and Imprisonment
 
Section III. Consequences
Victor M. Rios
The Consequences of the Criminal Justice Pipeline on Black and Latino Masculinity
Ross L. Matsueda and Kevin Drakulich
Perceptions of Criminal Injustice, Symbolic Racism, and Racial Politics
Holly Foster and John Hagan
The Mass Incarceration of Parents in America: Issues of Race/Ethnicity, Collateral Damage to Children, and Prisoner Reentry
Devah Pager, Bruce Western, and Naomi Sugie
Sequencing Disadvantage: Barriers to Employment Facing Young Black and White Men with Criminal Records
Bryan L. Sykes and Alex R. Piquero
Structuring and Re-Creating Inequality: Health Testing Policies, Race, and the Criminal Justice System
 
Section IV. Quick Read Synopsis
 
Race, Crime, and Justice: Contexts and Complexities

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