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Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors
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Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors

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January 2015 | 160 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors explores Freud’s historical contributions to the theories within this school of thought and demonstrates their practical application in clinical practice today. Using the compelling framework of the common factors approach, the text helps readers consider how both the client's perspective and the interpersonal forces within a helping relationship can shape positive therapeutic outcomes. The text’s clinical vignettes, case examples, and discussion of significant updates within the field further highlight the relevance of the psychoanalytic approach to counseling.

 

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors is part of the SAGE Theories for Counselors Series that includes Cognitive Behavioral Approaches for Counselors, by Diane Shea, and Person-Centered Approaches for Counselors, by Jeffrey H.D. Cornelius-White.
 
Introduction
Who Was Sigmund Freud?

 
The Relevance of Psychoanalysis

 
Inauguration: To Mark the Beginning of a New Period, Style, or Activity

 
Starting With the Two Most Important Common Factors: The Client and the Counseling Relationship

 
Freud Versus Freud: What Did He Actually Do?

 
Freud’s Goody-goods: The Necessity of Collaboration

 
Constructing a Counselor-Friendly Freud

 
The Cause(s) of Mental Illness

 
Transference and Countertransference

 
Further Developments

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 1: The Talking Cure
The First Client: Bertha Pappenheim

 
Intensive, Ongoing Treatment

 
Catharsis and Hypnotism

 
The Psychoanalytic Cure

 
Listening to Pappenheim With Sympathy and Interest

 
Pappenheim’s Contemporary Importance

 
Did Breuer Truly “Get” Pappenheim?

 
Empathic Listening and Interpretation

 
The Heroic Client

 
Pappenheim’s Amazing Transformation

 
Primum Non Nocere—Above All, Do No Harm

 
“The True Vehicle of Therapeutic Influence”

 
The Therapeutic Relationship: What’s It Really Like?

 
Finding the Sweet Spot

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 2: Basic Psychoanalytic Concepts
How the Mind Works: The Structural Model and the Topographical Model

 
The Topographical View

 
The Ego in Conflict

 
How People—and Problems—Develop

 
Repression

 
Freud’s Mechanisms of Defense

 
Repression, Revisited

 
Denial

 
Displacement and Projection

 
Reaction Formation, Rationalization/Intellectualization, Introjection, Identification, Regression

 
Sublimation

 
Don’t Forget: Sex Can Be Fun!

 
The Therapeutic Aim of Psychoanalysis

 
Resistance

 
Progress, Slow and Steady

 
Three Choices

 
The Tools of Psychoanalysis: The Background of Freud’s Technique

 
The Return of Catharsis

 
The Return of Rest Cures, Electrotherapy, and Psychopharmacology

 
You Are Getting Very Sleepy…

 
No Wait—Your Eyes Aren’t Closing—They are Moving!

 
Say Everything

 
No Sex With Clients

 
To What Degree Must We Abstain?

 
Recommendations, Not Rules

 
Thoughts and Feelings

 
The Tools of Psychoanalysis: Interventions to Accomplish Its Aim

 
First, Ally With the Ego

 
Transference, Pros and Cons

 
Free Association

 
Dream Analysis

 
Slips of the Tongue, Jokes, and Habitual Actions

 
Rounding Out the Picture: King Oedipus, Sex/Love and Aggression/Death, the Nature of Trauma, and Other Freudian Controversies

 
Could This Story Tell Us Anything About Freud?

 
Sex, Sex, and Sex

 
Sex and Violence

 
Was Freud Sexualized at an Early Age?

 
Sexual Trauma

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 3: The Evolution of Psychoanalysis
Freud’s Drive Theory

 
Ego

 
Object Relations and Interpersonal Psychoanalysis

 
Self

 
Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis

 
The Development of the Emotional Self

 
An Illustration: Daddy Day Care

 
Counseling as a Corrective Affective (and Cognitive) Experience

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 4: Multiculturalism
“My Parents Were Jews, and I Have Remained a Jew Myself”

 
Social Class: Is Psychoanalysis Just For Rich People?

 
Practical Matters First: Money

 
A Theoretical Concern: Who Has Time for Insight?

 
Theoretical Concern Number Two: Who Has the Necessary Ego Strength?

 
The Relational Response

 
Recent Scholarship: The Free Clinics

 
Psychoanalysis as Failed Feminism

 
Are Men and Women Really Different?

 
Empirical Research to the Rescue

 
Ethics of Rights, Ethics of Care, and Difference Feminism

 
Psychological Adjustment and Societal Change

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 5: A Case Illustration of Contemporary Psychoanalytic Counseling
Session One: Getting to Know Jennie

 
Sessions Two to Four: The Growth of the Counseling Relationship

 
Sessions Five and Six: The Usual Detours

 
Session Seven: The Big Dream

 
Session Eight: How Should I Respond?

 
Session Nine: The Time is Right

 
Session Ten (and Beyond): On the Journey, Together

 
Summary

 
 
Chapter 6: Conclusion
The Unconscious, Version 2.0

 
A More Useful Freud

 
The Client Is the Most Important Person in the Room

 
Future Considerations

 
Summary

 

Supplements

Student Study Site
The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:
Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
Supplemental articles written by the author are provided to enhance understanding and provide additional insights on course concepts.

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counsellors provides a comprehensive insight into the history of psychoanalysis. An illustrated case example highlights psychoanalytic counselling in a contemporary manner.

Ms Victoria Louise Booth
H.E Care, Grimsby Institute of HE & FE
November 15, 2015

Sample Materials & Chapters

Introduction

Chapter 3


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ISBN: 9781452268361
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