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Newspaper Research Journal

Newspaper Research Journal

Dane Claussen Newspaper Research Journal & Athena Study Abroad, USA

eISSN: 23764791 | ISSN: 07395329 | Current volume: 40 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly

Newspaper Research Journal (NRJ) is a refereed journal published quarterly that reaches thousands of journalism students, scholars, and media professionals in the United States and internationally.

Founded in 1979, NRJ answers questions about all aspects of US and foreign newspapers: their content, their staffs, their management (including advertising, circulation, and production) and economics, their technology, their design and layout, their relationships with their communities and democracy, their relationships with journalism educators, journalism ethics, and more. All research methodologies and all relevant theories are welcome.

NRJ is the official journal of the Newspaper and Online News Division (NOND) of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC).

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Newspaper Research Journal (NRJ) is a refereed journal published quarterly that reaches thousands of journalism students, scholars and media professionals in the United States and internationally.

Founded in 1979, NRJ comprehensively answers questions about U.S. newspaper performance and related topics of interest. Significant themes of research range from balance and fairness to the use of computer analysis in newspaper reporting. NRJ is unique because it provides a forum for comprehensive, current research and discussion on print and online journalism, serving as a bridge between newspaper professionals and scholars.

NRJ is the official journal of the Newspaper and Online News Division (NOND) of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC).

Book Review Editor
Matthew Haught University of Memphis, USA
Editorial Board
Joe Abisaid University of Detroit Mercy, USA
Mohammed Al-Azdee University of Bridgeport, USA
Bernie Ankney Samford University, USA
David Arant University of Memphis, USA
Cory Armstrong University of Alabama, USA
Ann Auman University of Hawaii, USA
Carlos Barrera University of Navarra, Spain
Chris Birks Benedictine University, USA
Robin Blom Ball State University, USA
Kristoffer D. Boyle Brigham Young University, USA
Jan Boyles Iowa State University, USA
Bonnie Bressers Kansas State University, USA
Robert Britten West Virginia University, USA
William Broun East Stroudsburg University
Judith Buddenbaum Colorado State University, USA
John Carpenter University of Iowa, USA
Catherine Cassara Bowling Green State University, USA
Bill Cassidy Northern Illinois University, USA
Anju Chaudhary Howard University, USA
Gina Masullo Chen University of Texas, USA
Raluca Cozma Kansas State University, USA
Al Cross University of Kentucky, USA
Nicole Dahmen University of Oregon, USA
Marc Edge University of Malta, Malta
Tracy Everbach University of North Texas, USA
Patrick Ferrucci University of Colorado-Boulder, USA
Vincent F. Filak University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, USA
Bruce Garrison University of Miami, USA
Ted Glasser Stanford University, USA
Peter Gloviczki Coker College, USA
Guy Golan Center for Media & Public Opinion, USA
Peter Goodman Hofstra University, USA
Manuel Goyanes Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Spain
Marilyn Greenwald Ohio University, USA
John Hamilton Louisiana State University, USA
Matthew Haught University of Memphis, USA
Joe Hayden University of Memphis, USA
Elizabeth Meyers Hendrickson University of Ohio, USA
Kirstie Hettinga California Lutheran University, USA
Brian Johnson University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Gary Kebbel University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA
James Kelly Indiana University, USA
Linda Jean Kenix University of Canterbury, New Zealand
David Kurpius University of Missouri, USA
Norm Lewis University of Florida, USA
You Li Eastern Michigan University, USA
Greg Lisby Georgia State University, USA
Wilson Lowrey University of Alabama, USA
Scott Maier University of Oregon, USA
Virginia Mansfield-Richardson Ithaca College, USA
Brian Massey East Carolina University, USA
Michael McCluskey University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA
Andrew Mendelson City University of New York (CUNY), USA
Marcus Messner Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
Laurie Miller Indiana University of Pennsylvania, USA
Joseph Mirando Southeastern Louisiana University, USA
Seungahn Nah University of Oregon, USA
Joseph E. Phelps University of Alabama, USA
Siddhartha Rastogi Indian Institute of Management, India
Ramesh Kumar Rawat Manipal University, Jaipur, India
Bill Reader Ohio University, USA
Guy Reel Winthrop University, USA
Scott Reinardy University of Kansas, USA
Rich Riski Peninsula College, USA
Chris Roberts University of Alabama, USA
Jack Rosenberry St. John Fisher College, USA
John Russial University of Oregon, USA
Alireza Salehi-Nejad University of Tehran, Iran
Arthur Santana University of San Diego, USA
Hans Schmidt Penn State Brandywine, USA
Michelle Seelig University of Miami, USA
Claire Serant The City University of New York, USA
James Simon Independent Scholar, USA
John Soloski University of Georgia, USA
Larry Strout Mississippi State University, USA
Amanda Sturgill Elon University, North Carolina, USA
Edson C. Tandoc, Jr. Nanyang Technological University, Singapore
Sandra Utt University of Memphis, USA
Andreas Veglis Aristotle University, Greece
Patrick Walters Kutztown University, USA
Patrick S. Washburn Ohio University, USA
Kathleen Wickham University of Mississippi, USA
Lei Xie Fairfield University, USA
Jin Yang University of Memphis, USA
Mohammad Yousuf The University of Oklahoma, USA
Amy Zerba The New York Times, USA
John Zibluk University of Tennessee at Chattanooga, USA
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  • This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics.

    To submit your manuscript for publication consideration, please visit
    For questions regarding submissions, please contact NRJ Editor Dane Claussen, danenrjeditor@gmail.

    Stylebook—Because the purpose of NRJ is to provide a bridge between educators and professionals, the writing style should be clear, lucid and direct. Authors should consult the 6th Edition of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for the writing style. Authors must avoid writing in the first person and remember that each quote, including open-ended responses from interview or survey participants, must be footnoted.

    Length Limit—Article manuscripts should be about 5000 words, not including tables, graphs, illustrations, or endnotes. However, manuscripts up to 10,000 words will be accepted for review. The longer the manuscript, the more likely the author will be asked to shorten it and/or the editor will significantly edit it, prior to publication. NRJ discourages "Discussion" sections in articles because they often merely repeat data/evidence just presented in the results section and/or preempt (and thus repeat) the article's own conclusion section. Only include a "Discussion" section if the results are difficult to understand or interpret or if content should be included that does not belong in the literature review, methdology, data/evidence or conclusion sections. All relevant scholarly literature must be cited in the Literature Review; do not wait until the Conclusion section to introduce relevant literature. Conclusion sections should be used to: explain the study's theoretical contribution to the scholarly literature, explain how the study's findings could be applied in the newspaper industry (if applicable), detail the study's limitations, and mention related research planned for the future (if any).

    Topics—The journal publishes articles about newspapers (daily, semiweekly, weekly, biweekly or monthly) in any country. This includes articles about news performance, newspaper history, newspaper management, newspaper economics, sociology of journalism, media ethics practiced at newspapers, media law applicable to newspapers, or newspaper professional or trade associations, in addition to articles about newspaper content, newspaper staff members, and other traditional topics. Articles also may be exploring any relevant mass communication or media studies theory. (Articles must be theory-driven and are expected to include a scholarly literature review.) Research may use any quantitative or qualitative research methodology(s) that is generally accepted in the mass communication discipline.

    Keywords—Authors and reviewers should know that NRJ has a new, extensive set of standardized keyword categories. All authors are required to choose one or more item in each category as appropriate for their submitted manuscript specifically and themselves as scholars. It is hoped that this scheme is comprehensive enough to accommodate all types of manuscripts, authors, and reviewers. It also helps new authors to easily see if their manuscript falls within the scope of the journal by checking the categories. The success of this system relies on the cooperation of authors and reviewers to provide the journal with the necessary information.

    Standardized keywords NRJ articles much easier to be found in online search engines, which is essentially a keyword-based system; and help the NRJ editor match reviewers and authors much better using the same terms. It will also help the NRJ editor to analyze research trends by using keywords consistently, and SAGE can promote and group the articles more easily.

    Tables—Authors should keep tables, graphs and figures to a minimum. The primary way to accomplish this is to present data in the text or in tables and graphs, but not both. If tables are crucial, they must be constructed in a manner that can be easily understood by a wide and diverse audience. All tables must be placed in separate Word or Excel files. Please ensure the tables are editable–do not send embedded images of tables.

    Figures—Authors must submit high-resolution images (at least 300 dpi). They should be submitted press-ready and in their original file format. Images must be submitted separately from the Word document. Thus, please do not embed images into the Word file.

    Statistics—Some NRJ readers have strong statistical backgrounds. Others do not. Studies that depend solely on statistics are discouraged. All statistical tools, applications and results must be explained so the application is clear.

    Endnotes—Again, please consult the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association

    Manuscript Review—The editor and Editorial Board make every effort to review manuscripts thoroughly and promptly. NRJ's review criteria are extensive and specific, aiming for the highest quality published research. (The review criteria are available upon request by authors preparing manuscripts for NRJ.) The editorial process takes approximately 75 to 90 days. Manuscripts determined by the editor to be outside the journal’s scope will be rejected as quickly as possible by the editor before they are assigned to Editorial Board members. All other manuscripts are each sent to three reviewers, which normally will be Editorial Board members. Reviewers advise the editor and provide comments to authors. The editor, based on reviewers' ratings and comments, often recommends changes and suggests areas of revision. Many manuscripts require a rewrite.

    Acceptance—Upon acceptance, authors are required to submit a final version as an email attachment. The article will appear in publication up to one year after the manuscript is accepted and the revised manuscript is received. Dated material might not be published, so authors who do not revise their manuscript in a timely manner run the risk of not being published. The editor reserves the right to determine when material is dated.

    Book Reviews—Every issue of NRJ critically reviews relevant books. Solicited and unsolicited copies of books for review, and suggestions for book reviews should be sent to the Book Review Editor.

    Publication Ethics—SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    Plagiarism—NRJ and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. When an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyrighted material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgment, or when authorship of an article is contested, NRJ and SAGE reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; notifying the department chair/head and/or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    Do not use your word processing software's automatic system for references or endnotes.

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    For more information, please refer to the SAGE Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

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