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Journal of English Linguistics

Journal of English Linguistics

eISSN: 15525457 | ISSN: 00754242 | Current volume: 48 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: Quarterly

The Journal of English Linguistics is your premier resource for original linguistic research based on data drawn from the English language, encompassing a broad theoretical and methodological scope. Highlighting theoretically and technologically innovative scholarship, the Journal provides in-depth research and analysis in a variety of areas, including history of English, English grammar, corpus linguistics, sociolinguistics, and dialectology. The Journal also includes articles written on topics such as language contact, pidgins/creoles, and stylistics provided that one primary focus is the English language. Published four times a year, the Journal features studies at the very core of empirical English linguistics and studies that push the boundaries of English linguistics theoretically and methodologically.

Regular features include the following:

Articles... foundational research into English linguistics - with a strong focus on data-driven inductive studies as well as methodologically and theoretically innovative studies - tests hypotheses and breaks new ground in the field. Written in language that new readers will find accessible, articles provide insight that seasoned experts will find valuable.

Book Reviews... reviews of recently published works relating to linguistics, with a view to exploring and describing their relevance to the field in general and to English linguistics in particular.

Special Issues... topical issues focused on a particular topic, theoretical innovation, or methodology, including special issues on Language and Gender, African American English, Poetics, and Teaching American English.

Interviews with Leading Scholars... in each December issue, an in-depth conversation with a leading scholar in the field of English linguistics, including the scholar’s perspective on his or her own research and the field more generally.

“In the Profession” column… a regular column devoted to professional issues in the field, of interest to newer scholars in the field as well as to established experts.

Exploring a diverse range of topics, the Journal of English Linguistics examines all aspects of empirical linguistics of the English language. From innovative and seminal scholarship to studies that define the very foundation of empirical linguistics, subjects you can expect to find in the journal include: language change word origins status of modern or historical varieties emerging computer methods and new quantitative methods descriptions of English grammatical structures based on intensive review of evidence synchronic and diachronic studies of Old and Middle English gender issues in language relationships between dialectology and sociolinguistics language contact, pidgins/creoles and stylistics.

Journal of English Linguistics: The Editor invites submissions on the modern and historical periods of the English language. JEngL normally publishes synchronic and diachronic studies on subjects from Old and Middle English to modern English grammar, corpus linguistics, and dialectology. Other topics such as language contact, pidgins/creoles, or stylistics, are acceptable if the article focuses on the English language. Articless normally range from ten to twenty-five pages in typescript. JEngL reviews titles in general and historical linguistics, language variation, socio-linguistics, and dialectology for an international audience. Unsolicited reviews cannot be considered. Books for review and correspondence regarding reviews should be sent to the Editor.

Alexandra D'Arcy University of Victoria, Canada
Peter Grund University of Kansas, USA
Review Editor
Maeve Eberhardt University of Vermont, USA
Editorial Assistant
Lucia Iglesias University of Kansas, USA
Senior Consulting Editors
Jan Aarts University of Nijmegen, Netherlands
John Algeo University of Georgia, USA
Anne Curzan University of Michigan, USA
Matthew Gordon University of Missouri, USA
William A. Kretzschmar, Jr. University of Georgia, USA
Charles F. Meyer University of Massachusetts, Boston, USA
Robin Queen University of Michigan, USA
Consulting Editors
Michael Adams Indiana University, USA
Paul Baker Lancaster University, UK
David Bowie University of Alaska, Anchorage, USA
Laurel Brinton The University of British Columbia, Canada
Hendrik De Smet KU Leuven, Belgium
Stephanie Hackert University of Munich, Germany
Kirk Hazen West Virginia University, USA
Sebastian Hoffman University of Trier, Germany
Merja Kyto Uppsala University, Sweden
Christian Mair University of Freiburg, Germany
Donka Minkova UCLA, USA
Colette Moore University of Washington, USA
Edgar W. Schneider Universitat Regensburg (Germany)
Devyani Sharma Queen Mary University of London, UK
Benedikt Szmrecsanyi KU Leuven, Belgium
Elizabeth Traugott Stanford University, USA
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  • The Editors invite submissions of original research focused on the English language, including both modern and historical periods. JEngL normally publishes research on subjects from Old to Early Modern English to modern English grammar, corpus linguistics, sociolinguistics and dialectology. Other topics such as language contact, language ideology, pidgins/creoles, discourse analysis or stylistics are welcome if the article focuses on the English language. Articles normally range from ten to twenty-five pages in typescript (twenty-five to fifty double-spaced). JEngL reviews titles in general and historical linguistics, language variation, sociolinguistics, corpus linguistics, and dialectology for an international audience. Books for review and correspondence regarding reviews should be sent to the Book Review Editor.

    Topical collections of articles appropriate to JEngL regularly appear as special issues (up to approximately one hundred printed pages).Special issues typically focus on a particular topic, theoretical innovation, or methodology; contributions should be closely linked and be fully illustrated with particular examples from original empirical research where relevant. Proposals for special issues of JEngL should be sent to the Editors.

    Manuscript Submission: Submissions should be prepared according to the Chicago Manual of Style (16th ed.), with endnotes. Submissions undergo double-blind peer review. Authors should submit electronic Word files, preferably PC-compatible, by going to the journal’s website at: All editorial correspondence should be addressed to Alexandra D’Arcy and Peter Grund, co-editors Journal of English Linguistics, at Submitted manuscripts usually complete the review process within three-four months.

    Unified style sheet for linguistics for citations


    These guidelines grew out of discussions among a group of editors of linguistics journals during 2005-2006 and were approved on January 7, 2007. They are intended as a "default, but with discretion to use common sense", to quote David Denison on the matter. Our principles, as elaborated primarily by Stan Dubinsky, are:

    1. Superfluous font-styles should be omitted. Do not use small caps for author/editor names, since they do not help to distinguish these from any other bits of information in the citation. In contrast, italics are worthwhile for distinguishing volume (book, journal, dissertation) titles [+ital] from article and chapter titles [-ital].
    2. Superfluous punctuation should be left out. Once italic is adopted to distinguish volumes from articles/chapters (as above), then single or double quotations around article titles are superfluous and only add visual clutter.
    3. Differing capitalization styles should be used to make category distinctions. Use capitalization of all lexical words for journal titles and capitalize only the first word (plus proper names and the first word after a colon) for book/dissertation titles and article/chapter titles. This is a useful diagnostic for discriminating between titles that are recurring and those that are not. The journal style for capitalization should also be applied to the title of book series. Thus, the citation of a SNLLT volume would be punctuated: Objects and other subjects: Grammatical functions, functional categories, and configurationality (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 52).
    4. All author/editor first names should be spelled out. Not doing so only serves to make the citation less informative. Without full first names, the 20th century index for Language alone would conflate five different people as ‘J. Smith’, four as ‘J. Harris’, three each under ‘A. Cohen’ and ‘P. Lee’, two each under ‘R. Kent’, ‘J. Anderson’, ‘H. Klein’ and ‘J. Klein’.
    5. The ampersand is useful. Use ampersand to distinguish higher and lower order conjuncts, i.e. [W & X] and [Y & Z], as in Culicover & Wilkins and Koster & May. It is relatively easy to see that reference is made here to two pairs of authors here (cf. Culicover and Wilkins and Koster and May).
    6. Name repetitions are good. While using a line ____ may save a little space, or a few characters, it also makes each such citation referentially dependent on an antecedent, and the effort of calculating such antecedents is more than what it saved typographically. Each citation should be internally complete.
    7. Four digit year plus period only. Extra parentheses are visual clutter and superfluous.
    8. Commas and periods and other punctuation. Separate citation components with periods (e.g., Author. Year. Title.) and subcomponents with commas (e.g., Author1, Author2 & Author3). Please note the ampersand (&), rather than the word “and” before the name of the last author, and no comma before the “&”. The use of the colon between title and subtitle and between place and publisher is traditional, but we do not use it between journal volumenumber and pagenumbers.
    9. Parentheses around ed. makes sense. Commas and periods should be used exclusively to separate citation components (e.g., "Author. Year."), or subcomponents (e.g. "author1, author2 & author3). Since "ed." is neither a component nor a subcomponent, but a modifier of a component, it should not be separated from the name by a comma:
      1. surname, firstname = author
      2. surname, firstname (ed.). = editor (NOT surname, firstname, ed.)
      3. surname, firstname & firstname surname (eds.) = editors
    10. For conference proceedings, working papers, etc. For conference proceedings published with an ISSN, treat the proceedings as a journal: Include both the full conference name and any commonly used acronym for the conference (BLS, WCCFL, etc.) in the journal title position. For proceedings not published with an ISSN, treat the proceedings as any other book, using the full title as listed on the front cover or title page. If the title (and subtitle if there is one) only includes an acronym for the conference name, expand the acronym in square brackets or parentheses following the acronym. If the title does not include an acronym which is commonly used for the conference name, include the acronym in square brackets or parentheses following the conference name. The advantage of including the acronym after the society title is that it makes the entry much more identifiable in a list of references.
    11. Use “edn.” as an abbreviation for “edition”, thus “2nd edn.”. This avoids ambiguity and confusion with “ed.” (editor).
    12. Names with “von”, “van”, “de”, etc. If the "van" (or the "de" or other patronymic) is lower case and separated from the rest by a space (e.g. Elly van Gelderen), then alphabetize by the first upper-case element:
      1. Gelderen, Elly van
      2. The addition of "see ..." in comprehensive indices and lists might be helpful for clarification:
      3. van Gelderen, Elly (see Gelderen)
    13. Names with “Jr.”, “IV.”, etc. Following library practice, list elements such as “Jr.” as a subelement after names, separated by a comma.
      1. Smith, Sean, Jr.
    14. Use “In” to designate chapters in collections. This makes the book’s format maximally similar to the standard citation format. This, in turn, would be time-saving when the author or the editor notice that more than one article is cited from a given collection and hence that that book’s details should be set out as a separate entry in the references (and the full details deleted from the articles’ entries).
      1. author. year. chaptertitle. In editorname (ed.), collectiontitle, pagenumbers. publisher.
    15. Journal volume numbers. We favor: volumenumber(volumeissue). startingpageendingpage. Thus: 22(1). 135-169. Note the space between volume number/issue and page numbers. Special formatting (e.g., bold for volume number) is superfluous. Issue numbers are a parenthetical modifier (cf. "ed." above) of the volume number. While it is not NECESSARY information for identifying the article, it is extremely USEFUL information.
    16. Dissertations/theses. These conform to the already-widespread Place: Publisher format and fit readily into the rest of the standard: Cambridge, MA: MIT dissertation. Instead of archaic state abbreviations, use the official two-letter postal abbreviations. Note that national and other traditions vary in exactly what is labeled ‘thesis’ versus ‘dissertation’ and in distinguishing ‘PhD’ from ‘doctoral’ dissertations.
      1. Cambridge, MA: MIT dissertation.
      2. Chapel Hill: UNC MA thesis.
    17. On-line materials. The basic information here — author, date, title — remains the same, and the URL where the resource was found takes the place of publisher or journal. We urge authors to include the date the material was accessed, in parentheses after the URL, since new versions often replace old ones. For a .pdf file, this would be the date of downloading, but for a resource like an on-line dictionary consulted repeatedly, a range of dates may be needed. For additional discussion of handling online citations, authors may want to consult this guide:
      1. Walker, Janice R. & Todd Taylor. 1998. The Columbia Guide to Online Style. New York: Columbia University Press.

    Example References:
    Blevins, Juliette. 2004. Evolutionary phonology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
    Casali, Roderic F. 1998. Predicting ATR activity. Chicago Linguistic Society (CLS) 34(1). 55-68.
    Chomsky, Noam. 1986. Knowledge of language. New York: Praeger.
    Coetsem, Frans van. 2000. A general and unified theory of the transmission process in language contact. Heidelberg: Winter.
    Iverson, Gregory K. 1983. Korean /s/. Journal of Phonetics 11. 191-200.
    Iverson, Gregory K. 1989. On the category supralaryngeal. Phonology 6. 285-303.
    Johnson, Kyle, Mark Baker & Ian Roberts. 1989. Passive arguments raised. Linguistic Inquiry 20. 219-251.
    Lahiri, Aditi (ed.). 2000. Analogy, leveling, markedness: Principles of change in phonology and morphology (Trends in Linguistics 127). Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.
    McCarthy, John J. & Alan S. Prince. 1999. Prosodic morphology. In John A. Goldsmith (ed.), Phonological theory: The essential readings, 238-288. Malden, MA & Oxford: Blackwell.
    Murray, Robert W. & Theo Vennemann. 1983. Sound change and syllable structure in Germanic phonology. Language 59(3). 514-528.
    Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd edn. 1989. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    Pedersen, Johan. 2005. The Spanish impersonal se-construction: Constructional variation and change. Constructions 1, (3 April, 2007.)
    Rissanen, Matti. 1999. Syntax. In Roger Lass (ed.), Cambridge History of the English Language, vol. 3, 187-331. Cambridge & New York: Cambridge University Press.
    Stewart, Thomas W., Jr. 2000. Mutation as morphology: Bases, stems, and shapes in Scottish Gaelic. Columbus, OH: The Ohio State University dissertation.
    Webelhuth, Gert (ed.). 1995. Government and binding theory and the minimalist program: Principles and parameters in syntactic theory. Oxford: Blackwell.
    Yu, Alan C. L. 2003. The morphology and phonology of infixation. Berkeley, CA: University of California dissertation.

    Please be aware that SAGE has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.

    Authors who would like to refine the use of English in their manuscripts might consider using the services of a professional English-language editing company. We highlight some of these companies at

    Please be aware that SAGE has no affiliation with these companies and makes no endorsement of them. An author's use of these services in no way guarantees that his or her submission will ultimately be accepted. Any arrangement an author enters into will be exclusively between the author and the particular company, and any costs incurred are the sole responsibility of the author.

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    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

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