You are here

Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health

Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health

2017 5-Year Impact Factor: 1.120
Source: Journal Citation Reports®, 2018 release, a Clarivate Analytics product; Indexed in PubMed: MEDLINE

Wah Yun Low University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

eISSN: 19412479 | ISSN: 10105395 | Current volume: 30 | Current issue: 7 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

Published in association with the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health (APJPH) is a peer-reviewed journal that publishes 8 issues per year and focuses on health issues in the Asia-Pacific Region. APJPH publishes original articles on public health related issues, including implications for practical applications to professional education and services for public health and primary health care that are of concern and relevance to the Asia-Pacific region.

The Editor-in-Chief welcomes manuscripts on all aspects of public health, as well as global challenges in public health, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, health security, disaster management, and chronic disease. For manuscript inquiries, please contact Prof. Wah-Yun Low, Editor-in-Chief at

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health is the official journal of the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health(APACPH). The journal is the only English language journal that publishes original articles on public health related issues, including implications for practical applications to professional education and services for public health and primary health care that are of concern and relevance to the Asia-Pacific region. The editor-in-chief welcomes manuscripts on all aspects of public health, as well as global challenges in public health, emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases, health security, disaster management, and chronic disease.

Editor in Chief
Wah Yun Low University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Deputy Editor in Chief
Colin Binns Curtin University of Technology, Australia
Associate Editors
Emily Ying-Yang Chan JC School of Public Health and Primary Care, Faculty of Medicine, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Mesamine Jimba University of Tokyo, Japan
Seung-Wook Lee Seoul National University, Republic of Korea
Kuala Lumpur Editorial Committee
Azirah Binti Hashim Department of English Language, Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Yut Lin Wong University of Malaya, Malaysia
Awang Bulgiba Awang Mahmud University of Malaya, Malaysia
Hazreen Abdul Majid University of Malaya, Malaysia
Ee Ming Khoo University of Malaya, Malaysia
Noran Naqiah binti Nairi University of Malaya, Malaysia
Rosnah Mohd Zain University of Malaya, Malaysia
International Board of Advisors
Le Vu Anh Hanoi School of Public Health, Vietnam
Wei J. Chen National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Michael Dunne Queensland University of Technology, Australia
Dat Van Duong United Nations Population Fund, Vietnam
Sharon Fonn University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa
Mohan Gupte National Institute of Epidemiology, India
Kenji Hayashi National Institute of Public Health, Japan
Mohd Amin Jalaludin University of Malaya, Malaysia
Andy Johnson University of Southern California, USA
Orawan Kaewboonchoo Mahidol University, Thailand
So Yoon Kim Yonsei University, Korea
Liming Lee Peking University Medical Center, China
Xiao Ma Sichuan University, China
Chizuru Nishida World Health Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland
Brian Oldenburg University of Melbourne, Australia
Andrew Prentice London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK
David Sanders University of Essex, UK
Richard F. Southby George Washington University, USA
Marcel Tanner Swiss Tropical Institute, Switzerland
Jennifer B. Unger University of Southern California, USA
T. Varagunam Eastern University, Sri Lanka
Kremlin Wickramasinghe University of Oxford, Oxford, UK
Alistair Woodward University of Auckland, New Zealand
Anuar Zaini Md. Zain Monash University, Malaysia
  • EMBASE/Excerpta Medica
  • Malaysian Abstracting and Indexing System (MyAIS)
  • NISC
  • ProQuest
  • PsycINFO
  • PubMed: MEDLINE
  • SafetyLit
  • Scopus
  • Instructions for Authors

    Note for the Authors: As of August 1, 2014, you will need to submit a US $25.00 submission fee electronically with your manuscript. This is a non-refundable submission fee to accompany all manuscripts to help offset editorial office and review costs. There will be no other charges apart from the submission fee. If, however, the corresponding author of the article is from a Research4Life country (either Group A or Group B), this fee will be waived. To learn more about Research4Life and if you qualify, follow this link:

    In accordance with the scope of the Journal, authors are requested to submit manuscripts on public health–related issues, including practical applications to professional education and services for public health and primary health care that are of concern and relevance to the Asia-Pacific region.

    This is a peer-reviewed Journal that publishes Original Articles, Reviews, Short Communications, and Letters on any aspect of Public Health.

    Peer Review policy

    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health adheres to a rigorous double-blind reviewing policy in which the identity of both the reviewer and author are always concealed from both parties. All manuscripts submitted must omit the authors’ names from the main text (in the Acknowledgments, authors’ names can be in initials).

    The Editorial Board has the right to immediately reject any manuscript submitted that does not fall within the scope of the Journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers.

    Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below:

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    Ethical considerations

    NOTE: Papers without proof of ethical consideration will immediately be rejected.

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval prior to data collection. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Trial registration

    The Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health requires investigators to register their clinical trials in a public trials registry. The Journal will consider report of clinical trials for publication only if the trials have been registered. Current information on requirements and appropriate registries is available at

    Manuscript Submission

    All new manuscripts must be submitted online via the website

    All queries can be directed to Prof Wah Yun Low, the Editor-in-Chief, Dean’s Office, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya (

    Manuscripts should be prepared according to the American Medical Association (AMA) Manual of Style (10th Edition).

    Arrange the manuscript in this order: (1) title page; (2) abstract and keywords; (3) text; (4) acknowledgments; (5) references; (6) figure legends; (7); tables; and (8) figures. Please also submit figures as separate figure files (tif, jpeg, eps, gif) with 300 dpi resolution or better.

    Number all pages in above sequence, beginning with title page as 1, abstract as 2, etc.

    Types of papers accepted

    Original Manuscript (3000 words, max. 30 references, abstract is 150 words), Review (3500-4000 words, max. 200 references, abstract is 200 words), Letter to the Editor (500 words), Commentary (1000 words, max. 10 references), Case Report (600 words, abstract is 30-50 words, max.10 references), Short Reports (1000 words, max. 10 references). Word count does not include abstract and references. All abstracts must be unstructured.

    Original Articles

    Original articles must be topically relevant and demonstrate novel findings that aim to educate and increase awareness of public health concerns. Articles should be not more than 3000 words, excluding references, tables, and figures and limit illustrations to 3. Additional material can be submitted for online-only publication. Papers describing randomized controlled trials must follow the CONSORT Guidelines (available from

    Review Articles

    Review articles should focus on the critical aspects of a subject, linking what is known to what areas remain controversial. Review articles describe current topics of importance and provide a systematic, balanced account of prior research. Authors should describe the search employed. Review articles do not include the author’s personal experiences. They should be systematic reviews of the literature and not opinion pieces. Review articles must follow the PRISMA guidelines (available from

    Reviews are normally invited by the editor but unsolicited reviews may also be accepted depending on relevance, quality, and the availability of space. Reviews should have 3000-4000 words with an unstructured abstract of no more than 200 words and a maximum of 200 references. The use of figures and tables to summarize critical points is encouraged.

    Letter to Editor

    The Editorial Board has the right to accept or reject any letter. Letters are accepted if they are directly concerned with articles previously published in this Journal. The comments should be objective and constructive. There is no need for figure/tables. Subtitles should not be used and acknowledgements should be included in the body of the letter. No abstract is required.


    Commentaries should be solicited by the Editor to provide commentary on an upcoming paper to be published, so the 2 papers are published together. We do not accept unsolicited commentaries about previously published papers, which would fit into the ‘Letters to the Editor’ category. The text limit is 1000 words with 10 references and may include tables and figures. Commentaries include debate articles and observations on current research trends.

    Short articles describing an author’s experience of a specific topic, that may be controversial and in which the author’s perspective is provided, are usually published as a letter to the editor.

    Case Reports

    Case Reports describes a single or comparative case with unique features, such as previously-unreported observations of a recognized disease/disorder/epidemic; previously-unreported conditions/complications of a public health intervention. The number of Case Reports published will be strictly limited. Case Report should be short and focused consisting of an Abstract, Introduction, Case Report and Discussion. Case Reports are peer reviewed. The Case Reports should not exceed 600 words (with an abstract of 30-50 words) It should not contain more than 10 references with one table or figure.

    Short Reports

    These are other types of articles that contribute to the scope of APJPH, that is, public health-related issues, including implications for practical applications to professional education and healthcare services that are of concern and relevance to the Asia-Pacific region. They include short communications or works-in-progress; historical articles; teaching articles; health policy and evidence-based practice. Short Reports should contain an unstructured abstract of not more than approximately 1000 words, with 2 tables, 2 figures, and 10 references, following the same structure as an original article.

    The Title Page

    The title page should include the following information:

    • Manuscript Title.
    • Author names and affiliations. Names of authors should be written in style of initials followed by surname or preferred name e.g., BAK Khalid, K Suresh, CC Chan, or J Brown. A superscript number should be placed after each name to refer to the respective affiliations that must be listed below. Provide the full postal address, contact number, and email address for each author.
    • Corresponding author information. Please ensure that any changes to the contact details of the corresponding author must immediately be notified to the Editorial Office

    For the Main Document

    The Abstract

    The abstract must be unstructured, and the word limit is 150 (200 words for Reviews). At the end of the abstract, please include an alphabetical list of 5 to 8 keywords and subjects for indexing. Choose the keywords carefully as these will be used for subsequent retrieval.

    The Text

    Papers must follow this order: Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion/Recommendation. Systeme Internationale (SI) Units should be used. Use only standard abbreviations. The full term for which an abbreviation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a standard unit of measurement.


    Please note that all references should conform to the AMA Manual of Style (10th Edition).

    Number the references in order of mention in text. Please ensure that you limit your references to 30, except in the case of Review articles where up to 200 are allowed. Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript. Titles of journals are abbreviated according to MEDLINE. .

    In the text, please use the author’s surname(s) and a superscripted number that correlates with the reference at the end of the manuscript. For example, for the first reference in the text, use a superscripted number 1, such as Skinner1, or use only the superscripted number after the phrase or sentence of citation. When several references are cited simultaneously in the text, list the superscripted numbers together, for example, “Many researchers have debated this subject.”1,2,5,9 In text citations, use “et al” for references of 3 authors. However, in the references, list up to 6 authors. If there are more than 6 authors, list the first 3 authors and then “et al”. References should appear at the end of the text numbered in order of appearance in the manuscript. Unpublished data and personal communications should be given as references. Follow the examples of forms of references as shown below.

    Journal references should be cited as follows

    Ricketts TA. The impact of head and body angle on monaural and binaural performance with directional and omnidirectional hearing aids. Ear Hear. 2000;21(4):318-329.

    Book chapters should conform to the following:

    Skinner MW, Holden LK, Binzer SM. Aural rehabilitation for individuals with severe and profound hearing impairment hearing aids, cochlear implants, counseling, and training. In: Valente M, ed.Strategies for Selecting and Verifying Hearing Aid Fittings. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers; 1994:267-299.

    Books should be listed as follows:

    Valente M. Strategies for Selecting and Verifying Hearing Aid Fittings. 3rd ed. New York, NY: Thieme Medical Publishers; 1994.


    All tables and figures should be placed at the end of the manuscript after the references and numbered accordingly. Provide footnotes for explanatory matter and identify in alphabetical order all abbreviations used.

    NOTE: Remember to place callouts for the tables and figures in the text. For example, write “INSERT TABLE 1 HERE” to show where the table should appear within the text.


    Only three illustrations (Tables/Figures) are allowed. For quality purposes, please submit figures in JPEG, TIFF, GIF, or EPS format; PowerPoint slides and images embedded in Word documents do not transfer well to print unless they are simple line art. Abbreviations, symbols, arrows, numbers, or letters used in the figures must be identified and explained in the corresponding legends.

    Submit written permission from the copyright holder to reproduce any previously published figures. Color photographs will be published at the author’s expense.


    Authors must obtain written permission from the copyright owner (usually the publisher) for the use of tables, illustrations, or extensively quoted material that has appeared in another publication. See permission guidelines at under Journal Editors/Authors. Such permissions must be sent with the manuscript, and credit must appear in the corresponding legend.


    Upon acceptance of an article, the author(s) will be required to assign the copyright to the Publisher. After the article has been accepted for publication by the Editor, a Copyright Release form will be sent that must be signed by the lead or corresponding author on behalf of all authors.


    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    • Made a substantial contribution to the concept and design, acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data,
    • Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    • Approved the version to be published.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section.

    Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.


    Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    Conflict of interest

    It is the policy of Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here.


    Neither the Editor nor the Publisher accepts responsibility for the views of authors expressed in their contributions.

    SAGE Language Services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information. 

    Individual Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)

    Individual, Single Print Issue

    Institutional, Single Print Issue