You are here

Sage online ordering services will be unavailable due to system maintenance on April 13th between 2:00 am and 8:00 am UK time If you need assistance, please contact Sage at Thank you for your patience and we apologise for the inconvenience.

The American Review of Public Administration

The American Review of Public Administration

eISSN: 15523357 | ISSN: 02750740 | Current volume: 54 | Current issue: 3 Frequency: 8 Times/Year

Topics include the following:

  • program evaluation & policy analysis,
  • local government management,
  • intergovernmental relations,
  • citizen participation/deliberative democracy,
  • information technology and e-government,
  • crime and criminal justice,
  • budgeting,
  • human resources,
  • public policy,
  • new public management, 
  • organizational theory and behavior, 
  • public administration theory, and
  • public service ethics.

The American Review of Public Administration is an elite scholarly journals in public administration and public affairs. ARPA’s identity lies at the core of the field of public administration, and its quality and reputation have grown in tandem as the journal marked its fiftieth year in 2020. ARPA focuses substantively on public administration broadly defined, publishing scholarship on all aspects of the field, including such traditional areas as organization and management studies, program and performance evaluation, and budgeting and financial management, as well as such emerging areas as network governance, public involvement and public service motivation.

Although rooted in U.S. public administration, ARPA also increasingly carries research from international and comparative settings authored by international scholars. The journal has no disciplinary or methodological bias, other than an insistence on analytical excellence and substantive relevance. Toward that end, all manuscripts are subjected to a blind peer-review process prior to acceptance and publication, most within two months’ time. Even the occasional invited essays from leading scholars are subject to independent reviews by the co-editors.

The American Review of Public Administration is one of the elite scholarly journals in public administration and public affairs. ARPA focuses on public administration broadly defined, publishing scholarship on all aspects of the field, including such areas as organization and management studies, program and performance evaluation, and budgeting and financial management, network governance, public involvement and public service motivation. Although rooted in U.S. public administration, ARPA also carries research from international and comparative settings. The journal has no disciplinary or methodological bias. All manuscripts are subjected to a blind peer-review process prior to acceptance and publication, most within two months’ time.

Stephanie P. Newbold Rutgers University, USA
Emeritus Editors
Marc Holzer Suffolk University, USA
Guy B. Adams University of Missouri, USA
John Clayton Thomas Georgia State University - Atlanta, Georgia
Book Review Editor
Cleopatra Charles Rutgers University–Newark, USA
Editorial Board
Michael J. Ahn University of Massachusetts-Boston, USA
Jennifer Alexander University of Texas at San Antonio University, USA
Seung-Ho An University of Arizona, USA
David Arellano Gault CIDE, Mexico
J. Edwin Benton University of South Florida, USA
Frances Stokes Berry Florida State University, USA
Bob Blankenberger University of Illinois at Springfield, USA
Candice Bodkin Georgia Southern University, USA
Brenda Bond Suffolk University, USA
Eric Boyer University of Texas at El Paso, USA
Lori Brainard George Washington University, USA
Jeffrey L. Brudney University of North Carolina, Wilmington, USA
Thomas Bryer University of Central Florida, USA
Hon S. Chan City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
Tom Christensen University of Oslo, Norway and Stanford University, USA
Benjamin Y. Clark University of Oregon, USA
Louise Comfort University of Pittsburg, USA
Thaddeus Conner New Mexico State University, USA
Raymond Cox University of Akron, USA
Dennis Daley North Carolina State University, USA
Randall S. Davis Southern Illinois University-Carbondale, USA
Leisha DeHart-Davis University of NC, USA
Ruth H. DeHoog University of North Carolina, Greensboro, USA
Mary Feeney Arizona State University, USA
Michael Ford University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh, USA
Heather Gretha-Taylor University of Kansas, USA
Mary Ellen Guy University of Colorado at Denver, USA
Lauren Hamilton University of Maryland Baltimore County, USA
Carolyn J. Heinrich Vanderbilt University, USA
Rebecca Hendrick University of Illinois at Chicago, USA
W. Bartley Hildreth Georgia State University, USA
Alfred Tat-Kei Ho University of Kansas, USA
So Hee Jeon Seoul National University, Korea
Naim Kapucu University of Central Florida, USA
Stuart Kasdin City of Goleta, CA, USA
Taehee Kim Seoul National University of Science and Technology, South Korea
Kristina M. Lambright State University of New York- Binghamton, USA
Gregory B. Lewis Georgia State University, USA
Avery Livingston U.S. Department of Justice, USA
Julianne Mahler George Mason University, USA
Peter Mameli John Jay College, USA
Brian McLaughlin Villanova University, USA
Kenneth J. Meier American University, USA
George Mitchell Baruch College, USA
Angel Molina Arizona State University, USA
John Nalbandian University of Kansas, USA
Kimberly L. Nelson University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, USA
Kathryn E. Newcomer George Washington University, USA
Patrick Overeem Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands
Jaclyn Piatak University of North Carolina at Charlotte, USA
Jos C. N. Raadschelders The Ohio State University, USA
Hal G. Rainey University of Georgia, USA
Beth Rauhaus University of Louisiana at Lafayette, USA
B. J. Reed University of Nebraska, Omaha, USA
Patrick Roberts Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA
John C. Ronquillo University of Colorado-Denver, USA
David H. Rosenbloom American University, USA
Meghna Sabharwal University of TX-Dallas, USA
Jodi R. Sandfort University of Minnesota, USA
Amy Smith University of Massachusetts at Boston, USA
Edmund C. Stazyk University at Albany, State University of New York, USA
Jessica N. Terman George Mason University, USA
Craig R. Thomas University of Washington, USA
Steven Van de Walle Public Governance Institute, KU Leuven, Belgium
Curtis Ventriss University of Vermont, USA
Eran Vigoda-Gadot University of Haifa, Israel
Jonathan West University of Miami, USA
Aimee Williamson Suffolk University, USA
Anne Williamson University of Missouri-Kansas City, USA
Bradley E. Wright Georgia State University, USA
Yahong Zhang Rutgers University - Newark, USA
Zhiwei Zhang Kansas State University, USA
Robert Zinke Eastern Washington University, USA
Sandy Zook University of Colorado at Denver, USA
Editorial Assistant
Jonathan Wexler Rutgers University - Newark, USA
  • Business Source Premier
  • CSA Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
  • Clarivate Analytics: Current Contents - Physical, Chemical & Earth Sciences
  • Corporate ResourceNET - Ebsco
  • Current Citations Express
  • EBSCO: Business Source - Main Edition
  • EBSCO: Business Source Elite
  • EBSCO: Health Source - Nursing/Academic Edition
  • EBSCO: Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Family Index Database
  • General Periodicals Index/ASAP
  • Health & Safety Sciences Abstracts
  • IBR (International Bibliography of Book Reviews of Scholarly Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences)
  • International Bibliography of Periodical Literature on the Humanities and Social Sciences (IBZ)
  • International Political Science Abstracts
  • NISC
  • PAIS International
  • Peace Research Abstracts Journal
  • Political Science Abstracts
  • PsycINFO
  • Public Administration Abstracts
  • Safety Science & Risk Abstracts
  • SafetyLit
  • Scopus
  • Social SciSearch
  • Social Sciences Citation Index (Web of Science)
  • Standard Periodical Directory (SPD)
  • Urban Affairs Abstracts
  • Urban Studies Abstracts
  • Vocational Search
  • Manuscripts should be submitted electronically to where authors will be required to set up an online account on the SageTrack system powered by ScholarOne. Submission of a manuscript implies a commitment by the author to publish in the journal, if the manuscript is accepted, and the editors assume that any manuscript submitted to ARPA is not currently under consideration by any other journal. Manuscripts between 20 and 30 pages are especially welcome. Manuscripts are subjected to anonymize peer review and require the author's name(s) and affiliation listed on a separate page. Any other identification, including any references in the manuscript, the notes, the title, and reference sections should be removed from the paper and listed on separate pages.

    Manuscript Preparation

    Manuscripts should be prepared using the APA Style Guide (Sixth Edition). All pages must be typed, double-spaced (including references, footnotes, and endnotes). Text must be in 12-point Times Roman. Block quotes may be single-spaced. Must include margins of 1 inch on all the four sides and number all pages sequentially.

    The manuscript should include four major sections (in this order): Title Page, Abstract, Main Body, and References.

    Sections in a manuscript may include the following (in this order): (1) Title page, (2) Abstract, (3) Keywords, (4) Text, (5) Notes, (6) References, (7) Tables, (8) Figures, (9) Appendices, and (10) Author Biography

    1. Title page. Please include the following:

    • Full article title
    • Acknowledgments and credits
    • Each author’s complete name and institutional affiliation(s)
    • Grant numbers and/or funding information
    • Corresponding author (name, address, phone/fax, e-mail)

    2. Abstract. Print the abstract (150 to 250 words) on a separate page headed by the full article title. Omit author(s)’s names.

    3. Text. Begin article text on a new page headed by the full article title.

       a. Headings and subheadings. Subheadings should indicate the organization of the content of the manuscript. Generally, three heading levels are sufficient to organize text. Level 1 heading should be Centered, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 2 heading should be Flush Left, Boldface, Upper & Lowercase, Level 3 heading should be Indented, boldface, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, Level 4 heading should be Indented, boldface, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period, and Level 5 heading should be Indented, italicized, lowercase paragraph heading that ends with a period.

    b. Citations. For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Each corresponding citation must have identical spelling and year. Each text citation must include at least two pieces of information, author(s) and year of publication. Following are some examples of text citations:

    (i) Unknown Author: To cite works that do not have an author, cite the source by its title in the signal phrase or use the first word or two in the parentheses. Eg. The findings are based on the study was done of students learning to format research papers ("Using XXX," 2001)

    (ii) Authors with the Same Last Name: use first initials with the last names to prevent confusion. Eg. (L. Hughes, 2001; P. Hughes, 1998)

    (iii) Two or More Works by the Same Author in the Same Year: For two sources by the same author in the same year, use lower-case letters (a, b, c) with the year to order the entries in the reference list. The lower-case letters should follow the year in the in-text citation. Eg. Research by Freud (1981a) illustrated that…

    (iv) Personal Communication: For letters, e-mails, interviews, and other person-to-person communication, citation should include the communicator's name, the fact that it was personal communication, and the date of the communication. Do not include personal communication in the reference list. Eg. (E. Clark, personal communication, January 4, 2009).

    (v) Unknown Author and Unknown Date: For citations with no author or date, use the title in the signal phrase or the first word or two of the title in the parentheses and use the abbreviation "n.d." (for "no date"). Eg. The study conducted by of students and research division discovered that students succeeded with tutoring ("Tutoring and APA," n.d.).

    5. Notes. If explanatory notes are required for your manuscript, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark. Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses. The Footnotes should be added at the bottom of the page after the references. The word “Footnotes” should be centered at the top of the page.

    6. References. Basic rules for the reference list:-

    • The reference list should be arranged in alphabetical order according to the authors’ last names.
    • If there is more than one work by the same author, order them according to their publication date – oldest to newest (therefore a 2008 publication would appear before a 2009 publication).
    • When listing multiple authors of a source use “&” instead of “and”.
    • Capitalize only the first word of the title and of the subtitle, if there are one, and any proper names – i. e. only those words that are normally capitalized.
    • Italicize the title of the book, the title of the journal/serial and the title of the web document.
    • Manuscripts submitted to The American Review of Public Administration (ARPA) should strictly follow the APA manual (6th edition).
    • Every citation in text must have the detailed reference in the Reference section.
    • Every reference listed in the Reference section must be cited in text.
    • Do not use “et al.” in the Reference list at the end; names of all authors of a publication should be listed there.

    Here are a few examples of commonly found references. For more examples please check APA(6th Ed).

    • Books:

    Book with place of publication-- Airey, D. (2010). Logo design love: A guide to creating iconic brand identities. Berkeley, CA: New Riders.


    Book with editors & edition-- Collins, C., & Jackson, S. (Eds.). (2007). Sport in Aotearoa/New Zealand society (2nd ed.). South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson.


    Book with author & publisher are the same-- MidCentral District Health Board. (2008). District annual plan 2008/09. Palmerston North, New Zealand: Author.

    Chapter in an edited book-- Dear, J., & Underwood, M. (2007). What is the role of exercise in the prevention of back pain? In D. MacAuley & T. Best (Eds.), Evidence-based sports medicine (2nd ed., pp. 257-280). Malden, MA: Blackwell.


    • Periodicals:

    Journal article with more than one author (print)-- Gabbett, T., Jenkins, D., & Abernethy, B. (2010). Physical collisions and injury during professional rugby league skills training. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(6), 578-583.


    Journal article – 8 or more authors-- Crooks, C., Ameratunga, R., Brewerton, M., Torok, M., Buetow, S., Brothers, S., … Jorgensen, P. (2010). Adverse reactions to food in New Zealand children aged 0-5 years. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1327). Retrieved from


    • Internet Sources:

    Internet – no author, no date-- Pet therapy. (n.d.). Retrieved from htttp://


    Internet – Organisation / Corporate author-- SPCA New Zealand. (2011). Your dog may be dying from the heat [Press release]. Retrieved from


    • Examples of various types of information sources:

    Act (statute / legislation)-- Copyright Act 1994. (2011, October 7). Retrieved from


    Blog post-- Liz and Ellory. (2011, January 19). The day of dread(s) [Blog post]. Retrieved from


    Brochure / pamphlet (no author)-- Ageing well: How to be the best you can be [Brochure]. (2009). Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health.


    Conference Paper-- Williams, J., & Seary, K. (2010). Bridging the divide: Scaffolding the learning experiences of the mature age student. In J. Terrell (Ed.), Making the links: Learning, teaching and high quality student outcomes. Proceedings of the 9th Conference of the New Zealand Association of Bridging Educators (pp. 104-116). Wellington, New Zealand.


    DVD / Video / Motion Picture (including Clickview & Youtube)-- Gardiner, A., Curtis, C., & Michael, E. (Producers), & Waititi, T. (Director). (2010). Boy: Welcome to my interesting world [DVD]. New Zealand: Transmission.


    Magazine-- Ng, A. (2011, October-December). Brush with history. Habitus, 13, 83-87.

    Newspaper article (no author)-- Little blue penguins homeward bound. (2011, November 23). Manawatu Standard, p. 5


    Podcast (audio or video)-- Rozaieski, B. (2011). Logan cabinet shoppe: Episode 37: Entertainment center molding [Video podcast]. Retrieved from

    Software (including apps-- UBM Medica. (2010). iMIMS (Version1.2.0) [Mobile application software]. Retrieved from


    Television programme-- Flanagan, A., & Philipson, A. (Series producers & directors). (2011). 24 hours in A & E [Television series]. Belfast, Ireland: Channel 4.

    Thesis (print)-- Smith, T. L. (2008). Change, choice and difference: The case of RN to BN degree programmes for registered nurses (Master’s thesis). Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand.

    Thesis (online)-- Mann, D. L. (2010). Vision and expertise for interceptive actions in sport (Doctoral dissertation, The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from


    IMPORTANT NOTE: To encourage a faster production process of your article, you are requested to closely adhere to the points above for references. Otherwise, it will entail a long process of solving copyeditor’s queries and may directly affect the publication time of your article. In case of any question, please contact the journal editor at

    7. Tables. They should be structured properly. Each table must have a clear and concise title. When appropriate, use the title to explain an abbreviation parenthetically. Eg. Comparison of Median Income of Adopted Children (AC) v. Foster Children (FC). Headings should be clear and brief.

    8. Figures. They should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they appear in the text and must include figure captions. Figures will appear in the published article in the order in which they are numbered initially. The figure resolution should be 300dpi at the time of submission.

    IMPORTANT: PERMISSION- The author(s) are responsible for securing permission to reproduce all copyrighted figures or materials before they are published in (ARPA). A copy of the written permission must be included with the manuscript submission.

    9. Appendices. They should be lettered to distinguish from numbered tables and figures. Include a descriptive title for each appendix (e.g., “Appendix A. Variable Names and Definitions”). Cross-check text for accuracy against appendices.

    10. Author Biography. Biographical statements for each author of not more than 50 words.

    Individual Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, E-access

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)

    Institutional Subscription, Print Only

    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)

    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)

    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)

    Individual, Single Print Issue

    Institutional, Single Print Issue