Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
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Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery

2015 Impact Factor: 0.542
2015 Ranking: 179/200 in Surgery | 65/74 in Orthopedics
2016 Release of Journal Citation Reports, Source: 2015 Web of Science Data
Published in Association with Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association

Editor-in-Chief
Kenneth MC Cheung Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Deputy Editor
Frankie Leung Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Emeritus Editor
David Fang Centre for Orthopaedic Surgery, Hong Kong


eISSN: 23094990 | ISSN: 23094990 | Current volume: 25 | Current issue: 1

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is an open access peer-reviewed journal publishing original reviews and research articles on all aspects of orthopaedic surgery. It is the official journal of the Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association.

The journal welcomes and will publish materials of a diverse nature, from basic science research to clinical trials and surgical techniques. The journal encourages contributions from all parts of the world, but special emphasis is given to research of particular relevance to the Asia Pacific region.

The journal operates on an open access model in which costs are borne by the Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association, and no publication fees are charged. We publish under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) licence, but also offer a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 3.0) licence where funding agencies require.

Open access FAQs: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is supported by Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association and therefore no APC is payable.

Submit today: https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jnlos

Please direct any enquiries to: joseditor@sagepub.co.uk

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is an open access peer-reviewed journal publishing original reviews and research articles on all aspects of orthopaedics and traumatology. Manuscripts dealing with (but not limited to) the following areas will be considered:

· Basic science and translational research
· Spine Surgery
· Sports and arthroscopic surgery
· Joint replacement surgeries
· Upper limb surgeries
· Musculoskeletal oncology
· Paediatric orthopaedics
· Rehabilitation
· Traumatology

Section Editors
Kenneth MC Cheung Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
David SK Choon Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia
James Hui Department of Orthopaedic Surgery National University Health System, National University of Singapore, 1E Kent Ridge Road, Singapore
Frankie Leung Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Edward Ted Mah North Adelaide Specialist Centre, 53 Gover Street, North Adelaide, SA 5006, Australia
A Merter Ozenci Medical Park Antalya Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics, Antalya TURKEY
Daisuke Sakai Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Japan
Vivek Ajit Singh Consultant Orthopaedic Oncologist, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai,59100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Chun Hoi Yan Division of Joint Replacement Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Members of Editorial Board
Howard An Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, 1725 W, Harrison St, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA
Mahaisavariya Banchong Department of Orthopadic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
Kamal Bose Bose Bone, Joint & Spine Clinic, 3 Mount Elizabeth, #14-14 Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre,228510, Singapore
Richard Buckley Department of Orthopaedics, University of Calgary, Canada
Eugene Carragee Orthopaedic Spine Center, 450 Broadway Street, Pavilion A, 1st Floor MC 6110, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA
Chotigavanich Charoen Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand
Po-Quang Chen Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital,7 Chung-Shan S Rd, Taipei 100, Taiwan
Wen-Jer Chen Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung University, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital,5 Fu-Hsing St, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Jack CY Cheng Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong
Eric Ping Chien Suite 1118, 11/F, Bank of America Tower, 12 Harcourt Rd, Central, Hong Kong
In-Ho Choi Division of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Republic of Korea
Keen Wai Chong The Orthoklinic, Gleneagles Medical Centre, 6 Napier Road #08-01, 258499, Singapore
Peter Devane 99 Rintoul St, Newtown, Wellington, 6021, New Zealand
Simon Peter Frostick Musculoskeletal Science Research Group, Department of Molecular and Clinical Cancer Medicine, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, L69 3GA, UK
Freddie Fu Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh PA,15260, USA
A Seth Greenwald Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, 2310 Superior Avenue East, Cleveland, OH 44114, USA
James Hutchison Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK
Yukihide Iwamoto Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Maidashi 3-1-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan
Ching-Chuan Jiang Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital,7 Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan
David Jones British Orthopaedic Association, 35-43 Lincolns Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PN, UK
Eng Hin Lee Divison of Paediatric Orthopaedics, National University Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Keith DK Luk Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
William J Maloney 450 Broadway Street, Mail Code 6342, Redwood City, CA 94063,USA
Daniel Mok Hong Kong Shoulder & Wrist Centre, Suite 2906, Bank of America Tower, Central Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Chang-Wug Oh Dept of Orthopedic Surgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital,50,2-ga, Samdok, Chunggu, Daegu, 700-721,Republic of Korea
Jong-Keon Oh Division of Trauma, Dept, of OS, Korea University Guro Hospital, Republic of Korea
Acke Ohlin Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, SE-205 02 Malmo, Sweden
In-Young Ok Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kangnam St Mary’s Hospital, Catholic University, 505 Ban Po Dong, Seo-Cho-ku, Seoul 137-040,Republic of Korea
Marinis Pirpiris AO Trauma Australia, Epworth Centre, Level 7 Suite 5, 32 Erin Street, Richmond VIC 3121, Australia
S Rajasekaran Department of Orthopaedics & Spine Surgery, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore 641009, India
Pol Rommens Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Mainz, Langenbeckstr,1, 55131 Mainz, Germany
Wun-Jer Shen Po-Cheng Orthopaedic Institute, Taiwan
Katsuji Shimizu Spine Center, Gifu Municipal Hospital, 7-1 Kashimacho Gifu ?500-8323, Japan
Etsuo Shoda Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo Prefectural Nishinomiya Hospital, 13-9 Rokutanji-cho, Nishinomiya, 662-0918 Hyogo, Japan
KS Sivananthan Malaysia
Richard de Steiger 26 Erin Street, Richmond VIC 3121, Australia
Cheh Chin Tai Division of Joint Replacement, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Angus Wallace Department of Orthopaedic and Accident Surgery, School of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK
Edward HM Wang Department of Orthopaedics, University of the Philippines, Philippines General Hospital, Taft Ave, Manila 1000 Philippines, Philippines
Fu-Chan Wei Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College, Chang Gung University, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan
Hee Kit Wong Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, 119074, Singapore
Merng Koon Wong Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
Michael J Yaszemski Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA
Wai-Pan Yau Division of Joint Replacement Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 5/F, Professional Block, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Corresponding Editors
Azlina Abbas Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Shankar Acharya Department of Spine Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital  Rajinder Nagar New Delhi, India
Saw Aik Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur 59100, Malaysia
Paul Allcock Lyell McEwin Hospital, Elizabeth Vale, SA Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia
Asavamongkolkul Apichat Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand
Alaric Aroojis Centre for Bone & Joint, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Four Bungalows, Andheri (W), Mumbai - 400053, India
Zsolt J. Balogh John Hunter Hospital and University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia
Jorge Daniel Barla Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Haluk Berk Dept of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Inciralti, 35340 Izmir, Turkey
Nicolaas Budhiparama Nicolaas Institute of Constructive Orthopaedic Research & Education Foundation, Medical School of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing - China, Indonesia
Kai Cao Spine Surgery, Orthopedics Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, China
Ying Kei Chan Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, 3 Lok Man Road, Chai Wan, Hong Kong
Hang Cheong Cheng Hong Kong
Jason Pui Yin Cheung Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Tae-Joon Cho Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul,Republic of Korea
Tanainit Chotanaputi Pramongkutklao Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand
Wang Chow Division of Joint Replacement Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 5/F, Professional Block, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Andrew Clarke Middlemore Hospital, Otahuhu, Auckland 1640, New Zealand
Shamal Das De Singapore
Ashish D Diwan Spine Service, Suite 16, L5, St George Private Hospital, Kogarah, NSW 2217, Australia
Klaus Dresing Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery and Plastic Surgery, University Medicine Göttingen, Georg-August-University, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075 Göttingen, Germany
Christian Fang Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Margaret Fok Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong
Henry Chun Him Fu Division of Joint Replacement Surgery Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology Queen Mary Hospital,102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Hiroshi Fujita Institute for Joint Replacement, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kyoto Katsura Hospital, Yamada-hirao-cho, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8256, Japan
Boris Fung Division of hand surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
John George Department Of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty Of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia
Ravi Gupta Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh, India
Hiroshi Hashizum Lecturer, Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama-city, 641-8510, Japan
Michael Hayes Orthopaedic Division, SPORTSMED·SA, 32 Payneham Road, Stepney, S Aus,5069, Australia
Sheung-tung Ho Hong Kong
Wai-Yip Ho Division of General Orthopaedics and oncology, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Wing Yuk Ip Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Keita Ito Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB EINDHOVEN, Netherlands
Ashok Johari Children's Orthopaedic Centre, 2nd Floor, Bobby Apartments, 143 L. J. Road, Mahim (W), Mumbai 400016, India
Jose Antonio San Juan Department of Orthopaedics, Chong Hua Hospital, Cebu City, Philippines
Takashi Kaito Spine section, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan
Kaewpornsawan Kamolporn Chief of Paediatric Orthopaedic Section, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, 2 Prannok Road,Bangkoknoi, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand
Michael P. Kelly Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
Chan Chee Ken Malaysia
Mauricio Kfuri James P. Stannard and Carolyn A. Stannard Distinguished Professor in Orthopedic Surgery, Surgery of the Knee and Orthopedic Trauma, Missouri Orthopaedic Institute - University of Missouri, USA
Khalid I. Khoshhal Professor of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Saudi Arabia
Joyce SB Koh Senior Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
Kenny Kwan Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Mun Keong Kwan Professor and Head of Spine Unit, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Ernest Kwek Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore
Hau Yan Kwok Asia Pacific (HK) Orthopaedics and Spine Centre, Rm 531, Central Building, 1 Pedder Street, Central, Hong Kong
Ying-Lee Lam Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Tak-Wing Lau Hong Kong
Somsak Leechavengvongs Upper extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Institute of Orthopedics, Lerdsin General hospital, Silom Road, Bangkok 10500, Thailand
Victor YL Leung Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Denny TT Lie Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore
Mark Chii-Jeng Lin Department of Orthopedics, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan
William Lu Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Room 907, Lab Block, 21 Sassoon Road, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Arjandas Mahadev Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Singapore
Kin Cheung Mak Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Yukihiro Matsuyama Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu city, Shizuoka, Japan
Azhar Merican Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA
Berton R Moed Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 3635 Vista Avenue, 7th Floor Desloge Towers, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
Christopher Morrey Australia
Seiji Ohtori Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan
Eijiro Okada Dept of Orthopaedic surgery,  Saiseikai Central Hospital, 1-4-17 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-0078,  Japan
Richard Page Deakin University Barwon Health, Australia
Kichul Park Republic of Korea
Andre Pontoh Knee & Sports Division, Orthopaedic Department, Fatmawati Hospital - Jakarta, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Vidyadhara S HOD & Consultant Spine Surgeon, Manipal Spine Care Center, Manipal Hospital, 98, Rustam Bagh, HAL-Airport Road, Bangalore - 560017, INDIA
Dino Samartzis Division of Spine Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Alpaslan Senkoylu Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Gazi University, Besevler 06510, Ankara-TURKEY
Lori Setton Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Orthopaedic Surgery, William Bevan Professor of Biomedical Engineering & Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University, Box 90281, 136 Hudson Hall, Durham, NC 27708, USA
Wan Yiu Shen Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Charanjeet Singh Malaysia
Kwai Ming Siu Dept of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Princess Margaret Hospital, 2-10 Princess Margaret Hospital Road, Lai Chi Kok, Hong Kong
Lucian Bogdan Solomon The University of Adelaide and Clinical Academic Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Australia
Oliver Stokes Princess Elizabeth Orthopaedic Centre, Royal Devon & Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, Barrack Road, Exeter, UK
Aree Tanavalee Department of Orthopaedics, Chulalongkorn, Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 Thailand
Apivatthakakul Theerachai Chiangmai University, Thailand
Tanawat Vaseenon Orthopaedic department, faculty of medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand
Wilson Ee Jen Wang Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Kota Watanabe Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinonomachi, Shinjyuku-ku Tokyo, Japan
Klaus Wenda Chair of Bone, Joint and Spine Center, HSK Wiesbaden, Germany
Hok Leung Wong Honorary Clinical Associate Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Honorary Clinical Associate Professor, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong
Jimmy Wong Hong Kong
Kam Yiu Wong Princess Margaret Hospital, Lai Chi Kok, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Samson Wong Department of Microbiology, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Tak Man Wong Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Yat Wa Wong Division of Joint Replacement Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 5/F, Professional Block, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong
Siu Bon, Anson Woo Kwong Wah Hospital, 25 Waterloo Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Mitsuru Yagi Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinonomachi, Shinjyuku-ku Tokyo JAPAN
Shu-Hua Yang Department of Orthopedics, Medical School, National Taiwan University, Taiwan
Sai Hung Yeung 5/F, Flat B, Braemar Hill Mansion, 37 Braemar Hill Road, North Point, Hong Kong
Yeung Yeung Hong Kong
Çaglar Yilgör Acibadem University, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Istanbul, Turkey
Qi Yin Department of Musculoskeletal Science, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, L69 3GA, UK
Kazuo Yonenobu Graduate School of Health Care Science, Jikei Institute,1-2-8 Miyahara, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka, 532-003,Japan
Taek-Rim Yoon Chonnam National University, Republic of Korea
Kwok Yung Yuen Department of Microbiology, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong
Li Zhao Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Xin-Hua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai,200092, China
Zhaomin Zheng Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China
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  • 1.Open Access 

    2.Article processing charge (APC)

    3.Article types

    4.Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy  

    4.2 Authorship  

    4.3 Acknowledgments  

    4.4 Funding  

    4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests  

    4.6 Research ethics and patient consent  

    4.7 Clinical trials  

    4.8 Reporting guidelines  

    4.9 Data

    5. Publishing policies  

    5.1 Publication ethics  

    5.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement  

    5.3 Permissions

    6. Preparing your manuscript  

    6.1 Word processing formats  

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics  

    6.3 Supplementary material  

    6.4 Journal layout  

    6.5 Reference style  

    6.6 English language editing services

    7. Submitting your manuscript  

    7.1 How to submit your manuscript  

    7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts  

    7.3 Corresponding author contact details

    7.4  Manuscript preparation checklist

    8. On acceptance and publication  

    8.1 SAGE Production  

    8.2 Continuous publication

    9. Further information

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics .

    This Journal recommends that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jnlos
    to submit your manuscript.  Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery will be reviewed. 

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.


    1. Open Access

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the collection of article processing charges which are covered by Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association, which means that authors are not required to pay any publication charges. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.

    For general information on open access at SAGE please visit the Open Access page or view our Open Access FAQs.

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    2. Article processing charge (APC) 

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery does not charge publication fees. All publication costs are covered in full by Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association.

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    3. Article types

    Editorial

    Commentary

    Original Article  

    • A structured abstract of no more than 250 words is required (Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusion)
    • 4,000 words

    Review Article

    • An unstructured abstract of no more than 150 words is required
    • 5,000 words

    Case Report 

    • An unstructured abstract of no more than 150 words is required
    • 2,000 words

    Letters to the Editor

    Book Review

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    4. Editorial policies

    4.1 Peer review policy

    Following a preliminary triage to eliminate submissions unsuitable for Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, all papers are sent out for review. The covering letter is important. To help the Editor in his preliminary evaluation, please indicate why you think the paper is suitable for publication. If your paper should be considered for fast-track publication, please explain why. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery utilizes a double-blind peer review process in which the reviewer and author’s names and information are withheld from the other. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor-in-Chief, Deputy Editor and Section Editors who then makes the final decision. 

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor / Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    4.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    (i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data.

    (ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content.

    (iii) Approved the version to be published.

    (iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

     4.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    4.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

     4.4 Funding

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

    4.5 Declaration of conflicting interests  

    It is the policy of Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. 

    For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.

    4.6 Research ethics and patient consent

    Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.

    Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.

    For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.

    Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.

    Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants

    All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.

    4.7 Clinical trials

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery endorses the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment. However, consistent with the AllTrials campaign, retrospectively registered trials will be considered if the justification for late registration is acceptable. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.

    4.8 Reporting guidelines

    The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file. Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.

    4.9 Data

    SAGE acknowledges the importance of research data availability as an integral part of the research and verification process for academic journal articles.

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery requests all authors submitting any primary data used in their research articles “if the articles are accepted” to be published in the online version of the journal, or provide detailed information in their articles on how the data can be obtained. This information should include links to third-party data repositories or detailed contact information for third-party data sources. Data available only on an author-maintained website will need to be loaded onto either the journal’s platform or a third-party platform to ensure continuing accessibility. Examples of data types include but are not limited to statistical data files, replication code, text files, audio files, images, videos, appendices, and additional charts and graphs necessary to understand the original research. The editor(s) may consider limited embargoes on proprietary data. The editor(s) can also grant exceptions for data that cannot legally or ethically be released. All data submitted should comply with Institutional or Ethical Review Board requirements and applicable government regulations. For further information, please contact the editorial office at joseditor@sagepub.co.uk. 

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    5. Publishing policies

    5.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    5.1.1 Plagiarism

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    5.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published, it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    5.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery publishes manuscripts under Creative Commons licenses. The standard Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery license is Creative Commons by Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0), which allows others to re-use the work without permission as long as the work is properly referenced and the use is non-commercial. For more information, you are advised to visit SAGE's OA licenses page.

    Alternative license arrangements are available, for example, to meet particular funder mandates, made at the author’s request.

    5.3 Permissions      

    Authors are responsible for obtaining permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please visit our Frequently Asked Questions on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

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    6. Preparing your manuscript

    6.1 Word processing formats

    Preferred formats for the text and tables of your manuscript are Word DOC, RTF, XLS. LaTeX files are also accepted. The text should be double-spaced throughout and with a minimum of 3cm for left and right hand margins and 5cm at head and foot. Text should be standard 10 or 12 point. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    6.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    Figures supplied in color will appear in color online.

    6.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. These will be subjected to peer-review alongside the article.  For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files, which can be found within our Manuscript Submission Guidelines page.

    6.4 Journal layout

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery conforms to the SAGE house style.  Click to review guidelines on SAGE House Style.

    6.5 Reference style

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. Please review the guidelines on SAGE Vancouver to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver output file here.

    6.6 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    7. Submitting your manuscript

    7.1 How to submit your manuscript

    Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jnlos  to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    7.2 Title, keywords and abstracts

    Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

    7.3 Corresponding author contact details

    Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    7.4  Manuscript preparation checklist

    7.4.1 Title page

    (a) Title of the paper which should be short and succinct

    (b) Full Name(s) of author(s), affiliation (s), and email(s)

    (c) The full name, affiliation, email and mailing address of the corresponding author

    (d) A short running head of no more than 40 characters 

    7.4.2 Anonymous main document

    Add line number to the document for the convenience of reviewers’ commenting .

    (1) Title 

    (2) Abstract

    (a) It should not be more than 150 words for unstructured abstract (in review articles and case reports) and no more than 250 words for structured abstract with sections like purpose, methods, results, conclusion (in original articles)

    (b) It should be factual and succinct

    (c) For basic science papers the last sentence of the abstract should describe the clinical relevance of the study

    (3) Key words

    At the end of the abstract, authors should provide no more than 10 key words for information retrieval. Key words should be taken from Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) from Index Medicus.

    (4) Main text

    The main text should be written in clear and simple English and divided into sections. In general the sequence should be as follows:

    (a) Brief introduction

    (b) Materials and methods

    (c) Results (In reporting results of surgery follow-up of less than one year is usually unacceptable)

    (d) Discussion (it should avoid repeating preceding information)

    (e) Conclusion

    (5)  Acknowledgements (if any)

    (6) References

    (7) Tables

    (8) Legends for figures

    (9) Figures

    Number of figures should not be more than 16. Each photograph must be numbered and correctly oriented to show the topside. Avoid heavy pencil marks. Histological slides should mention the magnification and the stain. Lettering in diagrams must be legible after reduction. Coloured illustrations may be accepted if essential, but the authors will bear the cost of printing. All reproduced material must have the written permission of the owner (publisher), and such permission must be stated in the legend.

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    8. On acceptance and publication

    If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for SAGE Production, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online within an average of 25 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the APC has been received.

    8.1 SAGE Production

    When your paper enters the SAGE Production system, your paper will be issued with a 6 digit ID number. Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by email attachment to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    8.2 Continuous publication

    One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. With no issues to fill and no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all. Check the ‘Latest Articles’ tab on the journal website for the latest published content. Articles are batched every 4 months, and are then available in the Archive.

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    9. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows:

    Editor-in-Chief

    Email: joseditor@sagepub.co.uk

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