Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is an open access peer-reviewed journal publishing original reviews and research articles on all aspects of orthopaedic surgery. It is the official journal of the Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association.
The journal welcomes and will publish materials of a diverse nature, from basic science research to clinical trials and surgical techniques. The journal encourages contributions from all parts of the world, but special emphasis is given to research of particular relevance to the Asia Pacific region.
The journal operates on an open access model in which costs are borne by the Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association, and no publication fees are charged. We publish under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC BY-NC 3.0) licence, but also offer a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 3.0) licence where funding agencies require.
Open access FAQs: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is supported by Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association and therefore no APC is payable.
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This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is an open access peer-reviewed journal publishing original reviews and research articles on all aspects of orthopaedics and traumatology. Manuscripts dealing with (but not limited to) the following areas will be considered:
· Basic science and translational research
· Spine Surgery
· Sports and arthroscopic surgery
· Joint replacement surgeries
· Upper limb surgeries
· Musculoskeletal oncology
· Paediatric orthopaedics
|Kenneth MC Cheung||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|David SK Choon||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur 50603, Malaysia|
|James Hui||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery National University Health System, National University of Singapore, 1E Kent Ridge Road, Singapore|
|Frankie Leung||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Edward Ted Mah||North Adelaide Specialist Centre, 53 Gover Street, North Adelaide, SA 5006, Australia|
|A Merter Ozenci||Medical Park Antalya Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics, Antalya TURKEY|
|Daisuke Sakai||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Japan|
|Vivek Ajit Singh||Consultant Orthopaedic Oncologist, University Malaya Medical Centre, Lembah Pantai,59100, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Chun Hoi Yan||Division of Joint Replacement Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Howard An||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Rush University Medical Center, 1725 W, Harrison St, Suite 1063, Chicago, IL 60612, USA|
|Mahaisavariya Banchong||Department of Orthopadic Surgery and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand|
|Kamal Bose||Bose Bone, Joint & Spine Clinic, 3 Mount Elizabeth, #14-14 Mount Elizabeth Medical Centre,228510, Singapore|
|Richard Buckley||Department of Orthopaedics, University of Calgary, Canada|
|Eugene Carragee||Orthopaedic Spine Center, 450 Broadway Street, Pavilion A, 1st Floor MC 6110, Redwood City, CA 94063, USA|
|Chotigavanich Charoen||Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok 10700, Thailand|
|Po-Quang Chen||Department of Orthopedic Surgery, National Taiwan University Hospital,7 Chung-Shan S Rd, Taipei 100, Taiwan|
|Wen-Jer Chen||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chang Gung University, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital,5 Fu-Hsing St, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan|
|Jack CY Cheng||Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, NT, Hong Kong|
|Eric Ping Chien||Suite 1118, 11/F, Bank of America Tower, 12 Harcourt Rd, Central, Hong Kong|
|In-Ho Choi||Division of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Seoul National University Children's Hospital, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-744, Republic of Korea|
|Keen Wai Chong||The Orthoklinic, Gleneagles Medical Centre, 6 Napier Road #08-01, 258499, Singapore|
|Peter Devane||99 Rintoul St, Newtown, Wellington, 6021, New Zealand|
|Simon Peter Frostick||Musculoskeletal Science Research Group, Department of Molecular and Clinical Cancer Medicine, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, L69 3GA, UK|
|Freddie Fu||Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh PA,15260, USA|
|A Seth Greenwald||Orthopaedic Research Laboratories, 2310 Superior Avenue East, Cleveland, OH 44114, USA|
|James Hutchison||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Polwarth Building, Foresterhill, Aberdeen, AB25 2ZD, UK|
|Yukihide Iwamoto||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, Maidashi 3-1-1, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582, Japan|
|Ching-Chuan Jiang||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, College of Medicine, National Taiwan University Hospital,7 Chung-Shan South Road, Taipei 100, Taiwan|
|David Jones||British Orthopaedic Association, 35-43 Lincolns Inn Fields, London WC2A 3PN, UK|
|Eng Hin Lee||Divison of Paediatric Orthopaedics, National University Hospital, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, Singapore|
|Keith DK Luk||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|William J Maloney||450 Broadway Street, Mail Code 6342, Redwood City, CA 94063,USA|
|Daniel Mok||Hong Kong Shoulder & Wrist Centre, Suite 2906, Bank of America Tower, Central Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Chang-Wug Oh||Dept of Orthopedic Surgery, Kyungpook National University Hospital,50,2-ga, Samdok, Chunggu, Daegu, 700-721,Republic of Korea|
|Jong-Keon Oh||Division of Trauma, Dept, of OS, Korea University Guro Hospital, Republic of Korea|
|Acke Ohlin||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lund University, Malmo University Hospital, SE-205 02 Malmo, Sweden|
|In-Young Ok||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kangnam St Mary’s Hospital, Catholic University, 505 Ban Po Dong, Seo-Cho-ku, Seoul 137-040,Republic of Korea|
|Marinis Pirpiris||AO Trauma Australia, Epworth Centre, Level 7 Suite 5, 32 Erin Street, Richmond VIC 3121, Australia|
|S Rajasekaran||Department of Orthopaedics & Spine Surgery, Ganga Hospital, Coimbatore 641009, India|
|Pol Rommens||Department of Trauma Surgery, University of Mainz, Langenbeckstr,1, 55131 Mainz, Germany|
|Wun-Jer Shen||Po-Cheng Orthopaedic Institute, Taiwan|
|Katsuji Shimizu||Spine Center, Gifu Municipal Hospital, 7-1 Kashimacho Gifu ?500-8323, Japan|
|Etsuo Shoda||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hyogo Prefectural Nishinomiya Hospital, 13-9 Rokutanji-cho, Nishinomiya, 662-0918 Hyogo, Japan|
|Richard de Steiger||26 Erin Street, Richmond VIC 3121, Australia|
|Cheh Chin Tai||Division of Joint Replacement, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Angus Wallace||Department of Orthopaedic and Accident Surgery, School of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Nottingham, Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK|
|Edward HM Wang||Department of Orthopaedics, University of the Philippines, Philippines General Hospital, Taft Ave, Manila 1000 Philippines, Philippines|
|Fu-Chan Wei||Department of Plastic Surgery, Medical College, Chang Gung University, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taiwan|
|Hee Kit Wong||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital, 5 Lower Kent Ridge Road, 119074, Singapore|
|Merng Koon Wong||Singapore General Hospital, Singapore|
|Michael J Yaszemski||Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN 55905, USA|
|Wai-Pan Yau||Division of Joint Replacement Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 5/F, Professional Block, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong|
|Azlina Abbas||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA|
|Shankar Acharya||Department of Spine Surgery, Sir Ganga Ram Hospital Rajinder Nagar New Delhi, India|
|Saw Aik||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University Malaya Medical Centre, Kuala Lumpur 59100, Malaysia|
|Paul Allcock||Lyell McEwin Hospital, Elizabeth Vale, SA Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, SA, Australia|
|Asavamongkolkul Apichat||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Alaric Aroojis||Centre for Bone & Joint, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Four Bungalows, Andheri (W), Mumbai - 400053, India|
|Zsolt J. Balogh||John Hunter Hospital and University of Newcastle, Newcastle, Australia|
|Jorge Daniel Barla||Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Haluk Berk||Dept of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, School of Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University, Inciralti, 35340 Izmir, Turkey|
|Nicolaas Budhiparama||Nicolaas Institute of Constructive Orthopaedic Research & Education Foundation, Medical School of Chinese People's Liberation Army, Beijing - China, Indonesia|
|Kai Cao||Spine Surgery, Orthopedics Department, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, China|
|Ying Kei Chan||Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital, 3 Lok Man Road, Chai Wan, Hong Kong|
|Hang Cheong Cheng||Hong Kong|
|Jason Pui Yin Cheung||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Tae-Joon Cho||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul,Republic of Korea|
|Tanainit Chotanaputi||Pramongkutklao Hospital, Bangkok, Thailand|
|Wang Chow||Division of Joint Replacement Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 5/F, Professional Block, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong|
|Andrew Clarke||Middlemore Hospital, Otahuhu, Auckland 1640, New Zealand|
|Shamal Das De||Singapore|
|Ashish D Diwan||Spine Service, Suite 16, L5, St George Private Hospital, Kogarah, NSW 2217, Australia|
|Klaus Dresing||Trauma and Orthopedic Surgery and Plastic Surgery, University Medicine Göttingen, Georg-August-University, Robert-Koch-Strasse 40, 37075 Göttingen, Germany|
|Christian Fang||Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Margaret Fok||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Mary Hospital, Hong Kong|
|Henry Chun Him Fu||Division of Joint Replacement Surgery Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology Queen Mary Hospital,102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong|
|Hiroshi Fujita||Institute for Joint Replacement, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kyoto Katsura Hospital, Yamada-hirao-cho, Nishikyo-ku, Kyoto 615-8256, Japan|
|Boris Fung||Division of hand surgery, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|John George||Department Of Biomedical Imaging, Faculty Of Medicine, University of Malaya, Malaysia|
|Ravi Gupta||Government Medical College Hospital, Chandigarh, India|
|Hiroshi Hashizum||Lecturer, Dept. of Orthopaedic Surgery, Wakayama Medical University, 811-1 Kimiidera, Wakayama-city, 641-8510, Japan|
|Michael Hayes||Orthopaedic Division, SPORTSMED·SA, 32 Payneham Road, Stepney, S Aus,5069, Australia|
|Sheung-tung Ho||Hong Kong|
|Wai-Yip Ho||Division of General Orthopaedics and oncology, Queen Mary Hospital, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Wing Yuk Ip||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong|
|Keita Ito||Department of Biomedical Engineering, Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, P.O. Box 513, 5600 MB EINDHOVEN, Netherlands|
|Ashok Johari||Children's Orthopaedic Centre, 2nd Floor, Bobby Apartments, 143 L. J. Road, Mahim (W), Mumbai 400016, India|
|Jose Antonio San Juan||Department of Orthopaedics, Chong Hua Hospital, Cebu City, Philippines|
|Takashi Kaito||Spine section, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-2 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan|
|Kaewpornsawan Kamolporn||Chief of Paediatric Orthopaedic Section, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, 2 Prannok Road,Bangkoknoi, Bangkok, 10700, Thailand|
|Michael P. Kelly||Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA|
|Chan Chee Ken||Malaysia|
|Mauricio Kfuri||James P. Stannard and Carolyn A. Stannard Distinguished Professor in Orthopedic Surgery, Surgery of the Knee and Orthopedic Trauma, Missouri Orthopaedic Institute - University of Missouri, USA|
|Khalid I. Khoshhal||Professor of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Saudi Arabia|
|Joyce SB Koh||Senior Consultant Orthopaedic Surgeon, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore|
|Kenny Kwan||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Mun Keong Kwan||Professor and Head of Spine Unit, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia|
|Ernest Kwek||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, Singapore|
|Hau Yan Kwok||Asia Pacific (HK) Orthopaedics and Spine Centre, Rm 531, Central Building, 1 Pedder Street, Central, Hong Kong|
|Ying-Lee Lam||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Tak-Wing Lau||Hong Kong|
|Somsak Leechavengvongs||Upper extremity and Reconstructive Microsurgery, Institute of Orthopedics, Lerdsin General hospital, Silom Road, Bangkok 10500, Thailand|
|Victor YL Leung||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Denny TT Lie||Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore|
|Mark Chii-Jeng Lin||Department of Orthopedics, National Cheng Kung University, Taiwan|
|William Lu||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Room 907, Lab Block, 21 Sassoon Road, The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong|
|Arjandas Mahadev||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Singapore|
|Kin Cheung Mak||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Yukihiro Matsuyama||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Hamamatsu city, Shizuoka, Japan|
|Azhar Merican||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA|
|Berton R Moed||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, 3635 Vista Avenue, 7th Floor Desloge Towers, St. Louis, Missouri 63110, USA|
|Seiji Ohtori||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chiba University, Chiba, Japan|
|Eijiro Okada||Dept of Orthopaedic surgery, Saiseikai Central Hospital, 1-4-17 Mita, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 108-0078, Japan|
|Richard Page||Deakin University Barwon Health, Australia|
|Kichul Park||Republic of Korea|
|Andre Pontoh||Knee & Sports Division, Orthopaedic Department, Fatmawati Hospital - Jakarta, University of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia|
|Vidyadhara S||HOD & Consultant Spine Surgeon, Manipal Spine Care Center, Manipal Hospital, 98, Rustam Bagh, HAL-Airport Road, Bangalore - 560017, INDIA|
|Dino Samartzis||Division of Spine Surgery, Department of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Alpaslan Senkoylu||Professor of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Gazi University, Besevler 06510, Ankara-TURKEY|
|Lori Setton||Professor of Biomedical Engineering and Orthopaedic Surgery, William Bevan Professor of Biomedical Engineering & Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Duke University, Box 90281, 136 Hudson Hall, Durham, NC 27708, USA|
|Wan Yiu Shen||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 30 Gascoigne Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong|
|Kwai Ming Siu||Dept of Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Princess Margaret Hospital, 2-10 Princess Margaret Hospital Road, Lai Chi Kok, Hong Kong|
|Lucian Bogdan Solomon||The University of Adelaide and Clinical Academic Department of Orthopaedic and Trauma, Royal Adelaide Hospital, Australia|
|Oliver Stokes||Princess Elizabeth Orthopaedic Centre, Royal Devon & Exeter NHS Foundation Trust, Barrack Road, Exeter, UK|
|Aree Tanavalee||Department of Orthopaedics, Chulalongkorn, Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330 Thailand|
|Apivatthakakul Theerachai||Chiangmai University, Thailand|
|Tanawat Vaseenon||Orthopaedic department, faculty of medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand|
|Wilson Ee Jen Wang||Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University of Singapore, Singapore|
|Kota Watanabe||Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinonomachi, Shinjyuku-ku Tokyo, Japan|
|Klaus Wenda||Chair of Bone, Joint and Spine Center, HSK Wiesbaden, Germany|
|Hok Leung Wong||Honorary Clinical Associate Professor, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Honorary Clinical Associate Professor, Hong Kong University, Hong Kong|
|Jimmy Wong||Hong Kong|
|Kam Yiu Wong||Princess Margaret Hospital, Lai Chi Kok, Kowloon, Hong Kong|
|Samson Wong||Department of Microbiology, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong|
|Tak Man Wong||Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong|
|Yat Wa Wong||Division of Joint Replacement Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, 5/F, Professional Block, Queen Mary Hospital, Pokfulam, Hong Kong|
|Siu Bon, Anson Woo||Kwong Wah Hospital, 25 Waterloo Road, Kowloon, Hong Kong|
|Mitsuru Yagi||Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Keio University School of Medicine, 35 Shinonomachi, Shinjyuku-ku Tokyo JAPAN|
|Shu-Hua Yang||Department of Orthopedics, Medical School, National Taiwan University, Taiwan|
|Sai Hung Yeung||5/F, Flat B, Braemar Hill Mansion, 37 Braemar Hill Road, North Point, Hong Kong|
|Yeung Yeung||Hong Kong|
|Çaglar Yilgör||Acibadem University, Department of Orthopedics and Traumatology, Istanbul, Turkey|
|Qi Yin||Department of Musculoskeletal Science, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, L69 3GA, UK|
|Kazuo Yonenobu||Graduate School of Health Care Science, Jikei Institute,1-2-8 Miyahara, Yodogawa-ku, Osaka, 532-003,Japan|
|Taek-Rim Yoon||Chonnam National University, Republic of Korea|
|Kwok Yung Yuen||Department of Microbiology, Queen Mary Hospital, 102 Pokfulam Road, Hong Kong|
|Li Zhao||Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Xin-Hua Hospital affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai,200092, China|
|Zhaomin Zheng||Department of Spine Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China|
This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics .
This Journal recommends that authors follow the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals formulated by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE).
Please read the guidelines below then visit the journal’s submission site https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jnlos
to submit your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.
Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery will be reviewed.
As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is an open access, peer-reviewed journal. Each article accepted by peer review is made freely available online immediately upon publication, is published under a Creative Commons license and will be hosted online in perpetuity. Publication costs of the journal are covered by the collection of article processing charges which are covered by Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association, which means that authors are not required to pay any publication charges. There is no charge for submitting a paper to the journal.
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery does not charge publication fees. All publication costs are covered in full by Asia Pacific Orthopaedic Association.
- A structured abstract of no more than 250 words is required (Purpose, Methods, Results, and Conclusion)
- 4,000 words
- An unstructured abstract of no more than 150 words is required
- 5,000 words
- An unstructured abstract of no more than 150 words is required
- 2,000 words
Letters to the Editor
Following a preliminary triage to eliminate submissions unsuitable for Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery, all papers are sent out for review. The covering letter is important. To help the Editor in his preliminary evaluation, please indicate why you think the paper is suitable for publication. If your paper should be considered for fast-track publication, please explain why. The journal’s policy is to have manuscripts reviewed by two expert reviewers. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery utilizes a double-blind peer review process in which the reviewer and author’s names and information are withheld from the other. All manuscripts are reviewed as rapidly as possible, while maintaining rigor. Reviewers make comments to the author and recommendations to the Editor-in-Chief, Deputy Editor and Section Editors who then makes the final decision.
The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor / Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.
Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.
The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:
(i) Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data.
(ii) Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content.
(iii) Approved the version to be published.
(iv) Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.
Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.
Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.
All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.
Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance.
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Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
It is the policy of Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.
Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.
For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations.
Medical research involving human subjects must be conducted according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki.
Submitted manuscripts should conform to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals, and all papers reporting animal and/or human studies must state in the methods section that the relevant Ethics Committee or Institutional Review Board provided (or waived) approval. Please ensure that you have provided the full name and institution of the review committee, in addition to the approval number.
For research articles, authors are also required to state in the methods section whether participants provided informed consent and whether the consent was written or verbal.
Information on informed consent to report individual cases or case series should be included in the manuscript text. A statement is required regarding whether written informed consent for patient information and images to be published was provided by the patient(s) or a legally authorized representative.
Please also refer to the ICMJE Recommendations for the Protection of Research Participants.
All research involving animals submitted for publication must be approved by an ethics committee with oversight of the facility in which the studies were conducted. The journal has adopted the Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare for Veterinary Journals published by the International Association of Veterinary Editors.
Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery endorses the ICMJE requirement that clinical trials are registered in a WHO-approved public trials registry at or before the time of first patient enrolment. However, consistent with the AllTrials campaign, retrospectively registered trials will be considered if the justification for late registration is acceptable. The trial registry name and URL, and registration number must be included at the end of the abstract.
The relevant EQUATOR Network reporting guidelines should be followed depending on the type of study. For example, all randomized controlled trials submitted for publication should include a completed Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow chart as a cited figure, and a completed CONSORT checklist as a supplementary file. Other resources can be found at NLM’s Research Reporting Guidelines and Initiatives.
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Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.
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Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit https://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/jnlos to login and submit your article online.
IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created. For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.
Please supply a title, short title, an abstract and keywords to accompany your article. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article online through online search engines such as Google. Please refer to the information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords by visiting the SAGE Journal Author Gateway for guidelines on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.
Provide full contact details for the corresponding author including email, mailing address and telephone numbers. Academic affiliations are required for all co-authors. These details should be presented separately to the main text of the article to facilitate anonymous peer review.
7.4.1 Title page
(a) Title of the paper which should be short and succinct
(b) Full Name(s) of author(s), affiliation (s), and email(s)
(c) The full name, affiliation, email and mailing address of the corresponding author
(d) A short running head of no more than 40 characters
7.4.2 Anonymous main document
Add line number to the document for the convenience of reviewers’ commenting .
(a) It should not be more than 150 words for unstructured abstract (in review articles and case reports) and no more than 250 words for structured abstract with sections like purpose, methods, results, conclusion (in original articles)
(b) It should be factual and succinct
(c) For basic science papers the last sentence of the abstract should describe the clinical relevance of the study
(3) Key words
At the end of the abstract, authors should provide no more than 10 key words for information retrieval. Key words should be taken from Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) from Index Medicus.
(4) Main text
The main text should be written in clear and simple English and divided into sections. In general the sequence should be as follows:
(a) Brief introduction
(b) Materials and methods
(c) Results (In reporting results of surgery follow-up of less than one year is usually unacceptable)
(d) Discussion (it should avoid repeating preceding information)
(5) Acknowledgements (if any)
(8) Legends for ﬁgures
Number of ﬁgures should not be more than 16. Each photograph must be numbered and correctly oriented to show the topside. Avoid heavy pencil marks. Histological slides should mention the magniﬁcation and the stain. Lettering in diagrams must be legible after reduction. Coloured illustrations may be accepted if essential, but the authors will bear the cost of printing. All reproduced material must have the written permission of the owner (publisher), and such permission must be stated in the legend.
If your paper is accepted for publication after peer review, you will first be asked to complete the contributor’s publishing agreement. Once your manuscript files have been check for SAGE Production, your article will be prepared for publication and can appear online within an average of 25 days. Please note that no production work will occur on your paper until the APC has been received.
When your paper enters the SAGE Production system, your paper will be issued with a 6 digit ID number. Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by email attachment to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.
One of the many benefits of publishing your research in an open access journal is the speed to publication. With no issues to fill and no page count constraints, your article will be published online in a fully citable form with a DOI number as soon as it has completed the production process. At this time it will be completely free to view and download for all. Check the ‘Latest Articles’ tab on the journal website for the latest published content. Articles are batched every 4 months, and are then available in the Archive.
Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the Manuscript Submission process should be sent to the Editorial Office as follows: