You are here

Resources to help you teach online

See our resources page for information, support and best practices.

Due to the current restrictions in place, our inspection copy policy has changed. Please refer to our updated inspection copy policy for details.

Introduction to Policing

Introduction to Policing

Fourth Edition
  • Steven M. Cox - Western Illinois University, USA
  • David Massey - Ocean Pines Police, Wor-Wic Community College
  • Connie M. Koski - Oglala Lakota College
  • Brian D. Fitch - California State University, Fullerton, USA, Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department, Woodbury University

Other Titles in:
Criminal Justice | Police Studies

November 2018 | 488 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Written and extensively updated by an author team that includes former and current law enforcement officers, Introduction to Policing focuses on the thought-provoking, contemporary issues that underscore the challenging and rewarding world of policing. The authors skillfully balance research and practice to offer students an overview of both the foundations of policing and the expanded role of today’s police officers. Evolving with the modern realities of the field, the Fourth Edition discusses major new and ongoing impactful events, such as the political shift marked by the U.S. presidential election of 2016 and expanded coverage of women and minorities in policing. The accessible and engaging writing style, coupled with unique coverage of the issues of policing in multicultural communities, the impact of technology on policing, and policing strategies and procedures, make this bestselling book a must-have for policing courses.

A Complete Teaching & Learning Package
Contact your rep to request a demo, answer your questions, and explore the robust tools and resources available with this text.

  • SAGE Premium Video
    Included in the interactive eBook! SAGE Premium Video tools and resources boost comprehension and bolster analysis.   Learn more.
  • Interactive eBook
    Your students save when you bundle the print version with the Interactive eBook (Bundle ISBN: 978-1-5443-6586-2), which includes access to SAGE Premium Video and other multimedia tools. Learn More.
  • SAGE coursepacks
    SAGE coursepacks makes it easy to import our quality instructor and student resource content into your school’s learning management system (LMS). Intuitive and simple to use, SAGE coursepacks allows you to customize course content to meet your students’ needs. Learn more.
  • SAGE edge
    This companion website offers both instructors and students a robust online environment with an impressive array of teaching and learning resources. Learn more.
    Chapter 1. Policing in the United States
    Law Enforcement Today

    The Concept and Mandate of the Police

    Scope of the Law Enforcement Sector

    A Changing Landscape

    A Changing Workforce

    Additional Types of Police/Security

    Chapter 2. A Brief History of Police in the United States
    English Roots of Policing

    The Evolution of Early U.S. Policing

    The Political Era

    The Reform Era

    The Era of Social Upheaval (1960s and 1970s)

    The Community-Policing Era (1980–2000)

    The Homeland Security Era (2001–Present)

    Some Contemporary Policing Strategies

    Policing in the Past, Present, and Future

    Chapter 3. Police Organization and Administration
    Organizational Structures

    Police Militarization

    Operations Division

    Organizational Substructures

    Handling Change in Police Organizations

    Police Unions and Collective Bargaining

    Police Professionalism

    Professional Literature and Research

    Code of Ethics

    Professional Associations


    Academic Field


    Chapter 4. Recruitment and Selection of Police Officers
    The Importance of Recruitment and Selection

    Antidiscrimination Legislation

    Entry-Level Recruitment and Selection

    Testing of Candidates

    Supervisory Recruitment and Selection

    Recruitment and Selection of Police Chiefs

    Chapter 5. Police Training and Education
    Police Education

    Research on College Education and Police Performance

    Police Training

    Types of Training


    Chapter 6. Police Work: Operations and Functions
    Basic Police Functions

    Styles of Policing

    Patrol Strength and Allocation

    Other Types of Patrol

    Evaluating Patrol

    Evaluating Police Performance

    Police and the Media

    Chapter 7. Contemporary Strategies in Policing
    Community Policing

    Problem-Oriented Policing

    Research on Community- and Problem-Oriented Policing

    Criticisms of Community Policing

    The Current Status of COP and POP

    Innovations in Policing Strategies

    Chapter 8. The Police Culture and Work Stress
    What Is Culture?

    Analyzing Police Subculture

    Types of Stresses in Police Work

    Effects and Consequences of Police Stress

    Police Shootings and Critical Incidents

    Counteracting Police Stress

    Chapter 9. Law, Court Decisions, and the Police
    The 1st Amendment

    The 2nd Amendment

    The 4th Amendment

    The 5th Amendment

    The 14th Amendment

    The Exclusionary Rule

    Police Use of Force

    The USA PATRIOT Act, Homeland Security, and Terrorism

    Chapter 10. Ethics and Decision-Making
    Police Discretion

    Ethics and Police Conduct

    Leadership and Improving Decision-Making

    Chapter 11. Police Misconduct and Accountability

    Other Types of Police Misconduct

    Research on Police Misconduct and Use of Force

    The Impacts of Misconduct

    Causes of Misconduct—Bad Apples or Bad Barrels?

    Misconduct: Management and Administrative Issues


    Chapter 12. Policing in a Diverse Society
    Policing in a Multicultural and Multiethnic Society

    The Problem and Promise of Diversity

    Police–Community Conflict

    Public Image of the Police

    Police in the Community

    Women in Policing

    Minority Police Officers

    Chapter 13. Technology and the Police
    The Costs and Benefits of Technology


    Video Cameras

    Surveillance Technology

    Crime Mapping

    Biological Identifiers

    Speed Detection Devices or Systems

    Armor and Weapons

    Chapter 14. Organized Crime, Homeland Security, and Global Issues
    Transnational Crime

    White-Collar Crime


    Local Response to Terrorism and Transnational Organized Crime

    Chapter 15. Private Security
    History and Background

    The Current Private Security Force

    Private and Contract Security Personnel

    Authority, Requirements, and Accountability

    Private Security Versus Public Police

    The Risks of Privatizing the Police

    Coordinating Public Police and Private Security

    Chapter 16. The Future of Policing in the United States
    The Changing Context

    Ongoing and Strategic Change

    Terrorism and Future Policing



    Instructor Resource Site

    Instructors: SAGE coursepacks and SAGE edge online resources are included FREE with this text. For a brief demo, contact your sales representative today.

    SAGE coursepacks for instructors makes it easy to import our quality content into your school’s learning management system (LMS)*. Intuitive and simple to use, it allows you to

    Say NO to…

    • required access codes         
    • learning a new system 

    Say YES to…       

    • using only the content you want and need         
    • high-quality assessment and multimedia exercises     

    *For use in: Blackboard, Canvas, Brightspace by Desire2Learn (D2L), and Moodle 


    Don’t use an LMS platform? No problem, you can still access many of the online resources for your text via SAGE edge

    With SAGE coursepacks, you get:

    • quality textbook content delivered directly into your LMS;
    • an intuitive, simple format that makes it easy to integrate the material into your course with minimal effort;
    • assessment tools that foster review, practice, and critical thinking, including:
      • diagnostic chapter pre-tests and post-tests that identify opportunities for improvement, track student progress, and ensure mastery of key learning objectives    
      • test banks built on Bloom’s Taxonomy that provide a diverse range of test items with ExamView test generation    
      • activity and quiz options that allow you to choose only the assignments and tests you want 
      • instructions on how to use and integrate the comprehensive assessments and resources provided;
    • assignable SAGE Premium Video (available via the interactive eBook version, linked through SAGE coursepacks) that is tied to learning objectives, and produced exclusively for this text to bring concepts to life, featuring: 
      • Corresponding multimedia assessment options that automatically feed to your gradebook 
      • Comprehensive, downloadable, easy-to-use Media Guide in the Coursepack for every video resource, listing the chapter to which the video content is tied, matching learning objective(s), a helpful description of the video content, and assessment questions
      • Policing in Practice Videos that feature interviews with professional law enforcement discussing their day-to-day work and current issues related to the field of policing
      • Criminal Justice in Practice Videos that challenge students to explore how they would respond to real-world situations faced by criminal justice professionals
      • Author Videos showcasing Brian Fitch and his career with the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department
      • SAGE News Clips featuring relevant news footage to help students apply knowledge to current events 
    • chapter-specific discussion questions to help launch engaging classroom interaction while reinforcing important content;
    • exclusive SAGE journal and reference content, built into course materials and assessment tools, that ties influential research and scholarship to chapter concepts;
    • editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer flexibility when creating multimedia lectures so you don’t have to start from scratch;
    • sample course syllabi with suggested models for structuring your course that give you options to customize your course to your exact needs;
    • lecture notes that summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help you with preparation for lectures and class discussions;
    • integrated links to the interactive eBook that make it easy for students to maximize their study time with this “anywhere, anytime” mobile-friendly version of the text. It also offers access to more digital tools and resources; and
    • select tables and figures from the textbook.      
    Student Study Site  

    SAGE edge for students enhances learning, it’s easy to use, and offers:

    • an open-access site that makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime; ·       
    • eFlashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts;
    • eQuizzes that allow students to practice and assess how much they’ve learned and where they need to focus their attention;
    • open-access video links enhance classroom-based exploration of key topics;
    • exclusive access to influential SAGE journal and reference content that ties important research and scholarship to chapter concepts to strengthen learning; and
    • suggested answers to the You Decide boxes found in the text provide a well-researched rationale behind the recommended response to key issues facing the law enforcement profession.

    “A well-documented text that is written by real-life practitioners with lots of experience and knowledge in the policing fields. I would also say the text is very detailed and covers all aspects of policing. It has hands on interactive tools for students as well as for the instructor’s resources.”

    Chernoh M. Wurie, Ph.D.,
    Virginia Commonwealth University

    “Current, well organized, well written, easy to understand.”

    Arnold R. Waggoner,
    Rose State College

    “A concise, well-written, and inexpensive introductory text.”

    Scott Pray
    Muskingum University

    “This textbook covers all of the overarching topics that an introductory textbooks should, with enough detail to provide substance for upper undergraduate courses. This textbook can be used for all levels of undergraduate study.”

    Jennifer D. Griffin, Ph.D.
    University of Delaware

    “I would describe the text as a well-organized, relevant, and well tough out text book that is well suited to the mindset of students, many of whom are aspiring law enforcement candidates.”

    Dustin Werley
    Texas State University-San Marcos

    Introduction to Policing is one of the better introductory books on the market that benefits from a collaboration of authors having both academic and professional experience.”

    Patrick R. Gartin
    Missouri State University