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European Labour Law Journal

European Labour Law Journal

Other Titles in:
Law (General)

eISSN: 23995556 | ISSN: 20319525 | Current volume: 15 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Quarterly
The European Labour Law Journal is a peer reviewed academic journal in the area of European labour law and social policy. European labour law is viewed in a wide sense. It includes labour law at the European Union level as well as labour law in the Member States. Included is also a focus on developments of labour law at a global level taking into account its relevance for Europe. Attention is also paid to developments at the level of policy, legislation, case law as well as academic doctrine.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The Journal wishes to increase and foster the debate on the future of labour law in Europe and to increase the knowledge of labour law. It aims to better define the role of labour law in Europe and in light of a European Social Model which can provide solutions for the challenges facing the EU and its Member States, requiring a good combination of economic market performance and quality of life, good work and social justice.
In order to contribute to this, the Journal studies European labour law in national, European and international contexts. Current and future developments in Europe and the world necessitate a fundamental investigation of labour law in the EU and its Member States, and of the basic principles of labour law in Europe.


Editor in Chief
Frank Hendrickx University of Leuven, Belgium
Managing Board Members
Anne Davies University of Oxford, UK
Guus Heerma van Voss University of Leiden, Netherlands
Sophie Robin-Olivier University of Paris I - Sorbonne, France
Achim Seifert University of Jena, Germany
Bernd Waas Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt, Germany
European Editors
Elena Gramano Frankfurt University, Germany and Bocconi University, Italy
Miriam Kullmann WU Vienna University of Economics and Business, Austria
David Mangan Maynooth University, Ireland
Language Editor
Editorial Assistant
Sarah De Groof University of Leuven, Belgium
Corresponding Board Members
Edoardo Ales University of Cassino, Italy
Helga Aune University of Oslo, Norway
Catherine Barnard University of Cambridge, UK
Elín Blöndal Bifröst University, Iceland
Michele Colucci College of Europe at Parma, Italy
Nicola Countouris University College London, UK
Tomas Davulis Vilnius University, Lithunia
Sarah De Groof University of Leuven, Belgium
Raluca Dimitriu Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania
Filip Dorssemont University of Louvain, Belgium
Kristine Dupate University of Latvia, Latvia
Stein Evju University of Oslo, Norway
José João Abrantes New University of Lisbon, Portugal
Anthony Kerr University College Belfield, Ireland
Francis Kessler University Paris 1 – Panthéon Sorbonne, France
György Kiss University of Pécs, Hungary
Etelka Korpic-Horvat University of Maribor, Slovenia
Aristea Koukiadaki University of Cambridge, Greece/UK
Haris Kountouros DG for Finances (European Parliament), Belgium
Rüdiger Krause University of Göttingen, Germany
Pal Lajos University of Budapest, Hungary
Günther Löschnigg University of Graz, Austria
Manuel Luque Parra Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain
Fiona McGrath University of Edinburgh, UK
Leszek Mitrus Jagiellonian University, Poland
Costas Papadimitriou University of Athens, Greece
Wolfgang Portmann University of Zürich, Switzerland
Jean-Luc Putz Attorney Luxembourg Bar, Luxemburg
Wilfried Rauws University of Brussels, Belgium
Mia Rönnmar Lund University, Sweden
Lynn Roseberry Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Krassimira Sredkova Sofia University St. Kliment Ohridski, Bulgaria
Martin Stefko Charles University of Prague, Czech Republic
Nurhan Sural Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey
Gaabriel Tavits University of Tartu, Estonia
Adriana Topo University of Padua, Italy
Aline Van Bever University Leuven, Belgium
Evert Verhulp University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Anders von Koskull Hanken School of Economics, Finland
Ivana Vukorepa University of Zagreb, Croatia
Christian Welz European Foundation, Dublin, Ireland
Marjo Ylhäinen University of Helsinki, Finland
Advisory Board
Takashi Araki University of Tokyo, Japan
Janice Bellace University of Pennsylvania, USA
Roger Blanpain Tilburg University & University of Leuven, Belgium
Giuseppe Casale ILO & IIRA, Switzerland
Sjoerd Feenstra European Commission, Belgium
Matthew W. Finkin University of Illinois, USA
Antoine Jacobs Tilburg University, Netherlands
Teun Jaspers Utrecht University, Netherlands
Evance Kalula University of Cape Town, South Africa
Csilla Kollonay-Lehoczky Central European University, Hungary
Marie-Ange Moreau European University Institute, Italy
Alan Neal University of Warwick, UK
Ruth Nielsen Copenhagen Business School, Denmark
Birgitta Nyström Lund University, Sweden
Joellen Riley University of Sidney, Australia
Michal Sewerynski University of Lodz (Poland) & ISLSSL, Poland
Manfred Weiss Johann Wolfgang Goethe-University Frankfurt, Germany
Ton Wilthagen Tilburg University, Netherlands
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  • This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned. Remember you can log in to the submission site at any time to check on the progress of your paper through the peer review process.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of European Labour Law Journal will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal. Open Access options are available - see section 3.3 below.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that European Labour Law may accept submissions of papers that have been posted on pre-print servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's author archiving policy.
    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.5 Research Data
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplemental material
      4.4 Footnotes
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information


    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to European Labour Law Journal, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    The European Labour Law Journal accepts academic contributions of between 6,000 and 8,000 words, footnotes included) in all areas falling within its scope (longer pieces are only accepted exceptionally and for specifically justified reasons). These contributions may, for example, 1) deal with the broad area of the European Union labour law and policy; or 2) be confined with specific national or international developments that are particularly relevant for the European Union and/or its member states; or 3) discuss labour law at a general or doctrinal level, or 4) deal with cross-disciplinary findings with relevance for labour law in Europe.

    The European Labour Law Journal includes short reports on specific developments in nationals and European-level labour law. This comprises commented/annotated overviews (on average, between 750 and 1,500 words) of actual issues in national labour law and policy (policy changes, legislation, case law, specific collective agreements, etc.)

    The European Labour Law Journal also includes book reviews, short conference or policy reports, as well as announcement of specific events.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources. SAGE Author Services also offers authors a variety of ways to improve and enhance their article including English language editing, plagiarism detection, and video abstract and infographic preparation.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    European Labour Law Journal operates a strictly anonymized peer review process in which the reviewer’s name is withheld from the author and, the author’s name from the reviewer. The reviewer may at their own discretion opt to reveal their name to the author in their review but our standard policy practice is for both identities to remain concealed.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    Please note that AI chatbots, for example ChatGPT, should not be listed as authors. For more information see the policy on Use of ChatGPT and generative AI tools.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Third party submissions
    Where an individual who is not listed as an author submits a manuscript on behalf of the author(s), a statement must be included in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and in the accompanying cover letter. The statements must:

    • Disclose this type of editorial assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input
    • Identify any entities that paid for this assistance
    • Confirm that the listed authors have authorized the submission of their manuscript via third party and approved any statements or declarations, e.g. conflicting interests, funding, etc.

    Where appropriate, SAGE reserves the right to deny consideration to manuscripts submitted by a third party rather than by the authors themselves.

    2.4 Declaration of conflicting interests

    European Labour Law Journal encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway.

    2.5 Research Data

    The journal is committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research, and has the following research data sharing policy. For more information, including FAQs please visit the SAGE Research Data policy pages.

    Subject to appropriate ethical and legal considerations, authors are encouraged to:

    • share your research data in a relevant public data repository
    • include a data availability statement linking to your data. If it is not possible to share your data, we encourage you to consider using the statement to explain why it cannot be shared.
    • cite this data in your research

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    European Labour Law Journal and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    European Labour Law Journal offers optional open access publishing via the Sage Choice programme and Open Access agreements, where authors can publish open access either discounted or free of charge depending on the agreement with Sage. Find out if your institution is participating by visiting Open Access Agreements at Sage. For more information on Open Access publishing options at Sage please visit Sage Open Access. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit Sage’s Author Archiving and Re-Use Guidelines and Publishing Policies.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplemental material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    4.4 Footnotes

    Footnotes should not be collated at the end of the article, but will be published at the foot of each relevant page. Footnotes to the title and author(s)' names should be designated as *, † etc. Footnotes to the text should be designated as 1, 2, 3 etc. and follow any closing punctuation, e.g. …limitations are possible.¹ The asterisked footnote should give the author's position, institutional address and any brief acknowledgements if required.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    European Labour Law Journal is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    All papers must be submitted via the online system. If you would like to discuss your paper prior to submission, please contact the Editor-in-Chief: Frank Hendrickx

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized. 

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via our editing portal SAGE Edit or by email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the European Labour Law Journal editorial office as follows:

    Editor-in-Chief: Frank Hendrickx

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