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Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy
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Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy
An Integrative Approach

Third Edition
  • Elsie Jones-Smith - Diplomate in Counseling Psychology, American Board of Professional Psychology
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January 2020 | 712 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
A step forward from the traditional textbook on counseling theories, Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy: An Integrative Approach offers students a comprehensive overview of past and current approaches to psychotherapy and counseling, with a modern approach to theories of psychotherapy. An extensive array of mainstream theories, as well as contemporary approaches such as narrative, feminist, LGBT, and post-modern, are covered. Author Elsie Jones-Smith helps readers to construct their integrated approach to psychotherapy by learning how to develop a broad range of therapeutic expertise to meet the needs of a culturally diverse clientele. In addition to listing and describing theories, this text compares and contrasts them to show their strengths and weaknesses. The Third Edition includes a new chapter on trauma-informed counseling/psychotherapy and provides updated references, sections, and studies reflecting the latest developments within the helping professions.

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CHAPTER 1: Introduction: Journey Toward Theory Integration
Integrative Psychotherapy: The Focus of This Book

 
Definitions of Counseling and Psychotherapy

 
Therapist Beliefs and Values: Relationship to Choosing a Theory

 
Summary

 
 
PART I The First Force in Psychotherapy: Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Theories
Psychology’s Indebtedness to Sigmund Freud

 
Some Distinctions Between Psychoanalysis and Psychodynamic Theories

 
Integration of Freudian Concepts: The Unconscious and Transference

 
New Forms of Psychoanalysis

 
 
CHAPTER 2 Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Theories
Brief Overview

 
Psychoanalytic Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Sigmund Freud

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
The Movement Toward Contemporary Psychodynamic Therapy

 
Ego Psychology

 
Object Relations Theory

 
Self Psychology

 
Comparison and Contrast of Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Theories

 
Other Theorists and Therapy Approaches

 
Brief Psychodynamic Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Carl Jung

 
Research and Evaluation of Psychoanalytic and Psychodynamic Approaches

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 3 Adlerian Psychotherapy
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: Alfred Adler (1870–1937)

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
PART II The Second Force in Psychotherapy: Behavior Therapy and Cognitive Therapy
Definition of Behavior Therapy

 
The Three Waves of Behavior Therapy

 
 
CHAPTER 4 Behavior Therapy and Integrated Psychopharmacology
Brief Overview

 
Behavior Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Behavior Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Current Trends in Behavior Therapy

 
Applied Behavioral Analysis

 
Behavioral Activation: A Promising Treatment for Depression

 
The Behavior Activation Model and Treatment for Depression

 
Behavior Activation Techniques

 
Integrated Psychopharmacology

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 5 Cognitive Approaches to Psychotherapy
Brief Overview

 
Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy

 
Key Concepts of REBT

 
The Therapeutic Process and REBT

 
Social Modeling, Observational Learning, and Self-Efficacy

 
Cognitive Therapy and Depression

 
Key Concepts of Beck’s Cognitive Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Cognitive Neuroscience

 
The Third Wave in Behavior Therapy: Mindfulness Integrated Into Cognitive-Behavior

 
Therapies (DBT, ACT, and MBCT)

 
Differences Between ACT, CBT, DBT, and MBCT

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 6 Reality/Choice Therapy
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: William Glasser (1925–2013)

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
PART III THE THIRD FORCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: EXISTENTIAL AND HUMANISTIC THEORIES
The Existential and Humanistic Theories

 
The Existential Worldview

 
The Humanistic Worldview

 
Merger of Existentialism and Humanism

 
New Developments in Humanism: Motivational Interviewing, The Stages of Change Theory

 
Interpersonal Therapy, and Emotion-Focused Therapy

 
Challenges Facing the Existential-Humanistic School

 
CHAPTER 7 Existential Therapy

 
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: Rollo May (1904–1994): The First Major American Existentialist

 
Key Concepts of Existential Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Major Contributor: Viktor Frankl (1905–1997) and Logotherapy

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 8 Person-Centered Therapy and Interpersonal Therapy
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: Carl Rogers (1902–1987)

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 9 Gestalt Therapy and Emotion-Focused Therapy: Two Experiential Therapies
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributor: Fritz Perls (1893–1970)

 
Philosophical Roots for Gestalt Therapy

 
Influence of Existentialism on Gestalt Therapy

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 10 Motivational Interviewing and the Stages of Change Theory
Brief Overview

 
Motivational Interviewing

 
Key Concepts of Motivational Interviewing

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation of Motivational Interviewing

 
The Transtheoretical Model of Change or the Stages of Change Theory

 
Key Concepts of the Transtheoretical Model of Change

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation of TTM

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 11 The Expressive Arts and Counseling
Brief Overview

 
Expressive Arts: A Human Tradition

 
Key Concepts

 
Three Expressive Arts Therapeutic Approaches

 
Art Therapy and Neuroscience

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
PART IV THE FOURTH FORCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: SOCIAL CONSTRUCTIVISM AND POSTMODERNISM
Postmodernism and the Road to Social Constructivism

 
Differences Between Modern and Postmodern/Constructivist Psychotherapies

 
The Postmodern Psychotherapies

 
Outline of Chapters in Part IV

 
 
CHAPTER 12 Multicultural Counseling: Theories and Practice
Brief Overview

 
APA’s New 2017 (10) Multicultural Guidelines

 
What Is Multicultural Counseling?

 
Multicultural Counseling: Two Emerging Theories

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 13 Transcultural and International Approaches to Counseling and Psychotherapy: Bridges to Asia, Africa, Europe and the Middle East
Brief Overview

 
Commonalities Among Asian Theories of Personality and Psychotherapy

 
Japanese Approaches to Psychotherapy

 
Chinese Contributions to Psychotherapy: Mindfulness

 
Cultural Value Challenges for Counseling in India

 
African Approaches to Healing and Psychotherapy: Nigeria

 
Arab Approaches to Psychotherapy

 
Research and Evaluation of Transcultural Psychotherapy

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 14 Feminist Therapy and LGBTQ Therapy
Feminist Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Feminist Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process in Feminist Therapy

 
Research and Evaluation in Feminist Therapy

 
Gay and Lesbian Therapy

 
Key Concepts of LGBTQ Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process in Gay and Lesbian Psychotherapy

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 15 INTEGRATING SPRIRITUAL/RELIGIOUS ISSUES DURING PSYCHOTHERAPY
Brief Overview

 
American Counseling Association’s Spiritual and Religious Competencies for Professional Counselors

 
Key Concepts in Spiritual and Religious Counseling Spirituality and the Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 16 SOLUTION-FOCUSED THERAPY
Brief Overview

 
Major Contributors: Insoo Kim Berg and Steve de Shazer

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 17 Narrative Therapy
Brief Overview

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 18 Strengths-Based Therapy
Introduction

 
Major Contributor: Elsie Jones-Smith

 
Key Concepts

 
Strengths-Based Therapy and Mindsets

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 19 Family Therapy Approaches
Introduction

 
Multigenerational Family Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Multigenerational Family Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Case Illustration From a Bowenian Family Therapy Approach

 
Experiential Family Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Experiential Family Therapy

 
Case Illustration of the Experiential Approach to Family Therapy

 
Structural Family Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Structural Family Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Case Illustration of Structural Family Therapy

 
Strategic Family Therapy

 
Key Concepts of Strategic Family Therapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
PART V THE FIFTH FORCE IN PSYCHOTHERAPY: NEUROSCIENCE AND THEORIES OF PSYCHOTHERAPY
Introduction

 
The Promise of Neuroscience

 
Criteria for Neuroscience to Be the Fifth Force in Psychotherapy

 
 
CHAPTER 20 Neuroscience, Interpersonal Neurobiology, and Trauma-Informed Counseling
Introduction

 
Major Contributors

 
Toward a Theoretical Framework for Neuropsychotherapy

 
Key Concepts

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Recent Brain-Based Therapies: Interpersonal Neurobiology, Neurocounseling, Trauma-Informed Counseling, and Coherence Therapy

 
Neuroscience and the DSM-5

 
Research and Evaluation

 
Summary

 
 
CHAPTER 21 Integrative Psychotherapy: Constructing Your Own Integrative Approach to Therapy
Introduction

 
Pathways to Psychotherapy Integration

 
Toward the development of a framework for integrating neuroscience into psychotherapy

 
Toward Developing Your Own Approach to Integrative Psychotherapy

 
Worldviews of Theories of Psychotherapy

 
Key Concepts of Theories of Psychotherapy

 
The Therapeutic Process

 
Top Four Ways to Determine Your Theoretical Orientation to Psychotherapy

 
Summary

 

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
SAGE Edge for instructors supports your teaching by making it easy to integrate quality content and create a rich learning environment for students with:
  • a password-protected site for complete and protected access to all text-specific instructor resources;  
  • test banks that provide a diverse range of ready-to-use options that save you time. You can also easily edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions;
  • sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses that provide suggested models for structuring your courses;
  • editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides that offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course; and
  • lecture notes that summarize key concepts by chapter to help you prepare for lectures and class discussions.


Student Study Site
SAGE Edge for students enhances learning, it’s easy to use, and offers:
  • an open-access site that makes it easy for students to maximize their study time, anywhere, anytime;
  • eFlashcards that strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts;
  • eQuizzes that allow students to practice and assess how much they’ve learned and where they need to focus their attention;
  • learning objectives that reinforce the most important material;
  • chapter-specific study questions that allow students to engage with the material; and
  • exercises and meaningful Web links that facilitate student use of Internet resources, further exploration of topics, and responses to critical thinking questions.

Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy is more comprehensive than any other text I have seen. The inner reflections, supplementary aids, and case analysis provide ample opportunities for students to apply, synthesize, and analyze theoretical concepts.”

Lynn Boyd
Troy University

“There is inclusion of multiple techniques for each type of theory.”

Lesley L. Casarez
Angelo State University

“The chapters do a nice job of explaining key concepts.”

Danica Harris
Texas Woman’s University

For instructors

This book is not available as an inspection copy. For more information contact your local sales representative.