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Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors

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January 2015 | 160 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors explores Freud’s historical contributions to the theories within this school of thought and demonstrates their practical application in clinical practice today. Using the compelling framework of the common factors approach, the text helps readers consider how both the client's perspective and the interpersonal forces within a helping relationship can shape positive therapeutic outcomes. The text’s clinical vignettes, case examples, and discussion of significant updates within the field further highlight the relevance of the psychoanalytic approach to counseling.


Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counselors is part of the SAGE Theories for Counselors Series that includes Cognitive Behavioral Approaches for Counselors, by Diane Shea, and Person-Centered Approaches for Counselors, by Jeffrey H.D. Cornelius-White.
Who Was Sigmund Freud?  
The Relevance of Psychoanalysis  
Inauguration: To Mark the Beginning of a New Period, Style, or Activity  
Starting With the Two Most Important Common Factors: The Client and the Counseling Relationship  
Freud Versus Freud: What Did He Actually Do?  
Freud’s Goody-goods: The Necessity of Collaboration  
Constructing a Counselor-Friendly Freud  
The Cause(s) of Mental Illness  
Transference and Countertransference  
Further Developments  
Chapter 1: The Talking Cure
The First Client: Bertha Pappenheim  
Intensive, Ongoing Treatment  
Catharsis and Hypnotism  
The Psychoanalytic Cure  
Listening to Pappenheim With Sympathy and Interest  
Pappenheim’s Contemporary Importance  
Did Breuer Truly “Get” Pappenheim?  
Empathic Listening and Interpretation  
The Heroic Client  
Pappenheim’s Amazing Transformation  
Primum Non Nocere—Above All, Do No Harm  
“The True Vehicle of Therapeutic Influence”  
The Therapeutic Relationship: What’s It Really Like?  
Finding the Sweet Spot  
Chapter 2: Basic Psychoanalytic Concepts
How the Mind Works: The Structural Model and the Topographical Model  
The Topographical View  
The Ego in Conflict  
How People—and Problems—Develop  
Freud’s Mechanisms of Defense  
Repression, Revisited  
Displacement and Projection  
Reaction Formation, Rationalization/Intellectualization, Introjection, Identification, Regression  
Don’t Forget: Sex Can Be Fun!  
The Therapeutic Aim of Psychoanalysis  
Progress, Slow and Steady  
Three Choices  
The Tools of Psychoanalysis: The Background of Freud’s Technique  
The Return of Catharsis  
The Return of Rest Cures, Electrotherapy, and Psychopharmacology  
You Are Getting Very Sleepy…  
No Wait—Your Eyes Aren’t Closing—They are Moving!  
Say Everything  
No Sex With Clients  
To What Degree Must We Abstain?  
Recommendations, Not Rules  
Thoughts and Feelings  
The Tools of Psychoanalysis: Interventions to Accomplish Its Aim  
First, Ally With the Ego  
Transference, Pros and Cons  
Free Association  
Dream Analysis  
Slips of the Tongue, Jokes, and Habitual Actions  
Rounding Out the Picture: King Oedipus, Sex/Love and Aggression/Death, the Nature of Trauma, and Other Freudian Controversies  
Could This Story Tell Us Anything About Freud?  
Sex, Sex, and Sex  
Sex and Violence  
Was Freud Sexualized at an Early Age?  
Sexual Trauma  
Chapter 3: The Evolution of Psychoanalysis
Freud’s Drive Theory  
Object Relations and Interpersonal Psychoanalysis  
Neuroscience and Psychoanalysis  
The Development of the Emotional Self  
An Illustration: Daddy Day Care  
Counseling as a Corrective Affective (and Cognitive) Experience  
Chapter 4: Multiculturalism
“My Parents Were Jews, and I Have Remained a Jew Myself”  
Social Class: Is Psychoanalysis Just For Rich People?  
Practical Matters First: Money  
A Theoretical Concern: Who Has Time for Insight?  
Theoretical Concern Number Two: Who Has the Necessary Ego Strength?  
The Relational Response  
Recent Scholarship: The Free Clinics  
Psychoanalysis as Failed Feminism  
Are Men and Women Really Different?  
Empirical Research to the Rescue  
Ethics of Rights, Ethics of Care, and Difference Feminism  
Psychological Adjustment and Societal Change  
Chapter 5: A Case Illustration of Contemporary Psychoanalytic Counseling
Session One: Getting to Know Jennie  
Sessions Two to Four: The Growth of the Counseling Relationship  
Sessions Five and Six: The Usual Detours  
Session Seven: The Big Dream  
Session Eight: How Should I Respond?  
Session Nine: The Time is Right  
Session Ten (and Beyond): On the Journey, Together  
Chapter 6: Conclusion
The Unconscious, Version 2.0  
A More Useful Freud  
The Client Is the Most Important Person in the Room  
Future Considerations  


Student Study Site
The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:
Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.
Supplemental articles written by the author are provided to enhance understanding and provide additional insights on course concepts.

Psychoanalytic Approaches for Counsellors provides a comprehensive insight into the history of psychoanalysis. An illustrated case example highlights psychoanalytic counselling in a contemporary manner.

Ms Victoria Louise Booth
H.E Care, Grimsby Institute of HE & FE
November 15, 2015

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ISBN: 9781452268361