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Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science

Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science

2018 Impact Factor: 1.359
2018 Ranking: 82/129 in Engineering, Mechanical
Source: Journal Citation Reports (Web of Science Group, 2019)
Published in Association with Institution of Mechanical Engineers

J W Chew University of Surrey, UK
Editor Emeritus
Emeritus Professor Duncan Dowson University of Leeds, UK
Deputy Editors
D Croccolo University of Bologna, Italy
V Crupi University of Messina, Italy
P Liatsis Khalifa University of Science and Technology, UAE
S Theodossiades Loughborough University, UK
Tassos Karayiannis Brunel University London, UK
Aldo Sorniotti University of Surrey, UK
Associate Editors
Professor N Aouf City, University of London, UK
T Berruti Politecnico di Torino, Italy
L Cui Curtin University, Australia
J Dai King's College London, UK
L Dala Northumbria University, UK
J M M Dias Khalifa University, UAE
R G Dominy Durham University, UK
G Epasto University of Messina, Italy
F Franco University of Naples “Federico II”, Italy
I C Gebeshuber Vienna University of Technology, Austria
G Genta Politecnico di Torino, Italy
F Georgiadis University of Lincoln,UK
M Ichchou École Centrale de Lyon, France
T Kim Loughborough University, UK
X Luo University of Strathclyde, UK
M Paggi IMT Insitute For Advanced Studies Lucca, Italy
D T Pham Cardiff University, UK
F Romeo Sapienza University of Rome, Italy
S de Rosa Universita Degli Studi Di Napoli, Italy
T Si University of Science and Technology, China
D Symons University of Cambridge, UK
J Szwedowicz Siemens, Switzerland
G Wei University of Salford, UK
Z Xu Tianjin University, China
S Zucca Politecnico di Torino, Italy
M De Agostinis University of Bologna, Italy
C Putignano Politecnico di Bari, Italy
F B Tian University of New South Wales, Australia
G Olmi University of Bologna, Italy
I Atanasovska Mathematical Institute of Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Serbia
C Delprete Politecnico di Torino, Italy
H Duan Beihang University (BUAA), China
S Mancin University of Padova, Italy
B Bai Xi'an Jiaotong University, China

eISSN: 20412983 | ISSN: 09544062 | Current volume: 233 | Current issue: 21-22 Frequency: 18 Times/Year

The Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science advances the understanding of both the fundamentals of engineering science and its application to the solution of challenges and problems in engineering.

'The Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science is dedicated to the publication of high quality papers on all aspects of mechanical engineering science. It represents one of the oldest parts of the Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, the first issue being published under the guidance of a distinguished Editorial Board in June 1959.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

For more information about the Journal please contact

Recommend this journal to your library

The Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science publishes peer-reviewed original papers that advance understanding of both the fundamentals of engineering science and its application to the solution of problems in mechanical engineering systems, machines and components. The Journal has an international reputation for excellence and is regarded as core material for every engineering collection.

Principal topics include:

Materials; metrology; mechanisms; solid mechanics; dynamic systems; thermofluid mechanics; tribology; reliability engineering; mechatronics; nano-and micro-mechanical engineering devices; biomedical engineering and systems and design.

The Journal also features a Section for rapid dissemination of research in the form of Fast-Track Communications in Mechanical Engineering Science.

For editorial purposes the Journal uses the following classifications, but submissions of a multidisciplinary nature or in new and emerging areas are also welcome.


a. Properties (metals-polymers-ceramics) and processing

b. Stresses in machines and structures, Contact stresses

c. Mechanics and characterisation -- nano, micro and macro analyses


a. Noise & vibration

b. Vehicle engineering

c. Sports equipment engineering


a. All aspects of experimental, computational and theoretical fluid flow

b. Fluid-structure interaction

c. Aero-acoustics

a. Experimental, computational, and physical aspects of heat transfer and thermodynamics

b. New experimental methods for heat transfer

c. Combustion and thermodynamic aspects of machinery

d. Environmental applications of heat transfer, energy sources (renewable & non-renewable and analysis)

e. Thermodynamics of multiphase and microscale flows


a. New design theory and method

b. Design optimization

c. Design for manufacturing

d. Additive manufacturing


a. Tribology (fundamental aspects of surface interactions, lubrication, friction and wear)

b. Lubricant rheology

c. Metrology (surface representation and analysis), Measuring systems (contacting and non-contacting)

d. Corrosion and erosion


a. Biomechanics

b. Bio-tribology

c. Medical equipment and systems


a. Theoretical kinematics

b. Computational kinematics

c. Analysis and synthesis

d. Design, characteristics

e. Reconfigurable mechanisms

f. Compliant mechanisms

g. Cam, linkages


a. Analysis, design

b. Greats, couplings suspensions, vehicles

c. Reliability, stability

d. Mechanical systems

e. Connections and joints

f. Gears, belts and bearings

g. Fault diagnosis


a. Information storage and retrieval systems

b. Artificial intelligence, neural networks

c. Machine learning, pattern recognition


a. Requirements, Design, Performance

b. Engineering science aspects of mechanical and electrical/electronic systems, Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS)


Short (approximately 2000 words or 4 pages) communications for the rapid dissemination of significant findings in Mechanical Engineering Science. Items accepted for publication in this Section could include:

1. Early announcements of new and timely results and conclusions based upon theoretical analysis or experimental investigations;

2. New interpretations of basic concepts governing the performance of mechanical systems;

3. The announcement of successful and innovative applications of engineering science to the solution of problems in the design, manufacture and operation of mechanical systems;

4. The development and application of new experimental techniques, analytical methods and numerical procedures.

Editorial Board
I I Blekhman IPME RAS, Russia
S Boedo Rochester Institute of Technology, USA
D Breslavsky National Technical University 'Kharkov Polytechnic Institute', Ukraine
M Cartmell University of Sheffield, UK
F Chu Tsinghua University, China
J Durodola Oxford Brookes University, UK
S D Fassois University of Patras, Greece
X Gao University of Akron, USA
P Goncalves Pontifical Catholic University, Brazil
S T Halliday Rolls-Royce, UK
D Hills University of Oxford, UK
W Huang Tsinghua University, China
M Ishihama Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Japan
A Krivtsov St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Russia
L Li University of Manchester, UK
T Lim University of Cincinnati, USA
G Lock University of Bath, UK
M Lucas University of Glasgow, UK
Professor Viviana Meruane Universidad de Chile, Chile
Y Mikhlin National Technical University 'Kharkov Polytechnic Institute', Ukraine
G Mullineux University of Bath, UK
S A Neild University of Bristol, UK
A Neville University of Leeds, UK
Nguyen Dinh Duc Vietnam National University Hanoi, Vietnam
G Niu Tongji University, China
W M Ostachowicz Polish Academy of Sciences, Poland
M Paul University of Glasgow, UK
Giuseppe Petrone University of Naples, Italy
R Randall University of New South Wales, Australia
J Reese University of Edinburgh, UK
R Singh Ohio State University, USA
Keshav Sud Amazon Robotics, USA
T Sun Tianjin University, China
G R Tomlinson University of Sheffield, UK
K Vafai University of California, USA
J Warminski Lublin University of Technology, Poland
M Wiercigroch University of Aberdeen, UK
Z You University of Oxford, UK
L C Zhang University of New South Wales, Australia
Y Zhang Tsinghua University, China
Jing-Shan Zhao Tsinghua University, China
H Zhou Huazhong University of Science and Technology, China
  • Applied Science & Technology Abstract
  • Applied Science & Technology Index
  • Current Contents / Engineering, Comp, & Tech
  • Current Contents, Engineering, Comp, & Tech
  • Engineered Materials Abstracts
  • Fluid Abstracts, Process Engineering
  • Fluid Abstracts: Civil Engineering
  • Fluidex
  • Global Mobility Database
  • Highway Vehicle Safety Database
  • Inspec
  • Metal Abs./METADEX
  • Metals Abs./METADEX
  • Research Alert
  • SciSearch
  • Science Citation Index
  • Manuscript Submission Guidelines: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science will be reviewed.

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you.

    1. What do we publish?
      1.1 Aims & Scope
      1.2 Article types
      1.3 Writing your paper
    2. Editorial policies
      2.1 Peer review policy
      2.2 Authorship
      2.3 Acknowledgements
      2.4 Funding
      2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
      2.6 Research Data
    3. Publishing policies
      3.1 Publication ethics
      3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement
      3.3 Open access and author archiving
    4. Preparing your manuscript
      4.1 Formatting
      4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
      4.3 Supplementary material
      4.4 Reference style
      4.5 English language editing services
    5. Submitting your manuscript
      5.1 ORCID
      5.2 Information required for completing your submission
      5.3 Permissions
    6. On acceptance and publication
      6.1 SAGE Production
      6.2 Online First publication
      6.3 Access to your published article
      6.4 Promoting your article
    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article Types

    Original Article: Describes a piece of original or substantially original research, or some aspect of design development, manufacture, operation and maintenance, or engineering education
    Review Article: A critical review of the state-of-the-art with examples of applications in design and profitable manufacture without extensive analysis
    Case Study: Describes the application of a technique, procedure or management concept in a real situation
    Short Communication: High quality brief articles which justify rapid publication. For example, formative conclusions from pure and applied research; concepts and paradigms and their initial validation; innovative design solutions; innovative use of materials in design and manufacture; novel industrial applications 
    Technical Note: A short, interim statement on a research project or description of some new development


    1. In general, Original Articles, Review Papers and Case Studies should not normally exceed 5000 words (with up to 10 illustrations). Longer articles will be considered, however, as our criterion is that the content justifies the length of the article.
    2. Technical Notes should not exceed 1500 words and 5 illustrations.
    3. Short Communications should be brief (up to 2000 words and 4 illustrations). If a Short Communication exceeds this, the author(s) will be asked to shorten the article.
    4. Discussions on papers already published should not exceed 500 words and 2 illustrations.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice and on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable

    When writing up your paper, think about how you can make it discoverable. The title, keywords and abstract are key to ensuring readers find your article through search engines such as Google. For information and guidance on how best to title your article, write your abstract and select your keywords, have a look at this page on the Gateway: How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online.

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    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Submissions to the journal are assessed by independent referees who make recommendations on the suitability of the articles for publication. We are committed to providing timely assessment of articles and authors are informed of the publication decision as soon as possible.

    It should be noted that our refereeing process, common to many other publishers, is single-blind, that is, the referees remain anonymous and their identities are not released to authors. The referees, however, are informed of the authors’ names and affiliations.
    As part of the submission process you will be asked to provide the names of 2 peers who could be called upon to review your manuscript. Recommended reviewers should be experts in their fields and should be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript. Please be aware of any conflicts of interest when recommending reviewers. Examples of conflicts of interest include (but are not limited to) the below: 

    • The reviewer should have no prior knowledge of your submission
    • The reviewer should not have recently collaborated with any of the authors
    • Reviewer nominees from the same institution as any of the authors are not permitted

    Please note that the Editors are not obliged to invite any recommended/opposed reviewers to assess your manuscript.

    2.2 Authorship

    Papers should only be submitted for consideration once consent is given by all contributing authors. Those submitting papers should carefully check that all those whose work contributed to the paper are acknowledged as contributing authors.

    The list of authors should include all those who can legitimately claim authorship. This is all those who:

    1. Made a substantial contribution to the concept or design of the work; or acquisition, analysis or interpretation of data,
    2. Drafted the article or revised it critically for important intellectual content,
    3. Approved the version to be published,
    4. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content.

    Authors should meet the conditions of all of the points above. When a large, multicentre group has conducted the work, the group should identify the individuals who accept direct responsibility for the manuscript. These individuals should fully meet the criteria for authorship.

    Acquisition of funding, collection of data, or general supervision of the research group alone does not constitute authorship, although all contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in the Acknowledgments section. Please refer to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) authorship guidelines for more information on authorship.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance

    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance”).

    It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    Any acknowledgements should appear first at the end of your article prior to your Declaration of Conflicting Interests (if applicable), any notes and your References.

    2.4 Funding

    Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading.  Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    It is the policy of Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science to require a declaration of conflicting interests from all authors enabling a statement to be carried within the paginated pages of all published articles.

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’. For guidance on conflict of interest statements, please see the ICMJE recommendations here

    2.6 Research Data

    At SAGE we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository subject to ethical considerations and where data is included, to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the Research Data Sharing Policies, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare.

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    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics’ International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism

    Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarised other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication

    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor's publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

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    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. Word and (La)Tex templates are available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines.  

    Mathematical: All vectors and matrices should be shown in bold type. Avoid confusion between ambiguous characters and take care to ensure that subscripts and superscripts are clear. Numbers below 10 should be written out in the text unless used in conjunction with units (e.g. three apples, 4 kg). Full points (not commas) should be used for decimals. For numbers less than one, a nought should be inserted before the decimal point. Equations should be numbered sequentially throughout the document, with labels on the right hand side of the page.

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article.

    4.3 Supplementary material

    This journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplementary files.

    4.4 Reference style

    Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    If you use EndNote to manage references, you can download the SAGE Vancouver EndNote output file.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

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    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science is hosted on SAGE Track, a web based online submission and peer review system powered by ScholarOne™ Manuscripts. Visit to login and submit your article online.

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  For further guidance on submitting your manuscript online please visit ScholarOne Online Help.

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized.

    The collection of ORCID iDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this journal. If you already have an ORCID iD you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID iD will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID iD is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID iD please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

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    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be sent by PDF to the corresponding author and should be returned promptly.  Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice. In addition, SAGE is partnered with Kudos, a free service that allows authors to explain, enrich, share, and measure the impact of their article. Find out how to maximise your article’s impact with Kudos

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    7. Further information

    Any correspondence, queries or additional requests for information on the manuscript submission process should be sent to the Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part C: Journal of Mechanical Engineering Science editorial office as follows:

    Publishing Editor 
    SAGE Publications Ltd
    1 Oliver's Yard, 55 City Road
    London, EC1Y 1SP


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