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Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control
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Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control

Second Edition
Additional resources:


March 2019 | 352 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control provides a sociological examination of deviance and social control in society. Derived from the same author team’s successful text/reader version, this concise and student-friendly resource uses sociological theories to illuminate a variety of issues related to deviant behavior and societal reactions to deviance. The authors briefly explain the development of major sociological theoretical perspectives and use current research and examples to demonstrate how those theories are used to think about and study the causes of deviant behavior and the reactions to it. Focusing on the application—rather than just the understanding—of theory, the Second Edition offers a practical and fascinating exploration of deviance in our society.
 
Foreword
 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
About the Authors
 
Chapter 1. Introduction to Deviance
Introduction

 
Conceptions of Deviance

 
The Sociological Imagination

 
The Importance of Theory and Its Relationship to Research

 
Global Perspectives on Deviance

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites

 
Ideas in Action

 
Conclusion: Organization of the Book

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
Recommended Resources

 
 
Chapter 2. The Diversity of Deviance
Introduction

 
Deviance and Its Varied Forms

 
Physical Deviance and Appearance: Ideals of Beauty, Self-Harm, and Body Modification

 
Relationships and Deviance

 
Deviance in Cyberspace: Making Up the Norms as We Go

 
Subcultural Deviance

 
Elite Deviance, Corporate Deviance, and Workplace Misconduct

 
Positive Deviance

 
Global Perspectives on Types of Deviance

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Addiction, Prostitution, and Graffiti

 
Ideas in Action: Guerrilla Gardening in Low-Income Areas

 
Question: So Who Are the Deviants? Answer: It Depends on Whom You Ask

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 3. Researching Deviance
Introduction

 
Methodological Approaches to Studying Deviance

 
Content Analysis

 
Secondary Data Sources

 
Ethical Considerations in Studying Deviance

 
Global Perspectives on Trials and Tribulations Involved in Researching Deviance Across the Globe

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Using Content Analysis to Study Deviants Among the Business Elite and Street Bikers

 
Ideas in Action: Evaluating Programs and Policy

 
Conclusion

 
Endnote

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 4. Anomie/Strain Theory
Introduction

 
Development of Anomie/Strain Theory

 
Robert Merton and Adaptations to Anomie/Strain

 
Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin, Differential Opportunity

 
Albert Cohen, Delinquent Boys

 
Robert Agnew, General Strain Theory

 
Messner and Rosenfeld, Crime and the American Dream— Institutional Anomie Theory

 
Application of Anomie and Strain Theories

 
Critiques of Anomie and Strain Theories

 
Global Perspectives on Anomie/Strain Theory

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Occupy Wall Street Movement

 
Ideas in Action: Transforming Innovation Into Conformity and Legitimate Success

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 5. Social Disorganization Theory
Introduction

 
Development of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Shaw and McKay’s Study of Juvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas

 
Critiques of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Rebirth of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Empirical Tests of Social Disorganization Theory

 
Global Perspectives on Social Disorganization Theory

 
Tests of Social Disorganization in Cities Outside the United States

 
More Theoretical and Empirical Advances and Divergences: Social and Physical Disorder

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites With Social Disorganization Theory

 
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From Social Disorganization and Broken Windows Perspectives

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Term

 
 
Chapter 6. Differential Association and Social Learning Theories
Introduction

 
Development of Differential Association Theory

 
Development of Akers’s Social Learning Theory

 
Social Structure and Social Learning

 
Application of Differential Association and Social Learning

 
Critiques of Differential Association and Social Learning Theories

 
Cultural Deviance Theory and Subcultural Explanations of Deviance

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Dating Violence

 
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From a Social Learning Perspective

 
Global Perspectives on Testing Differential Association and Social Learning Theories Outside the United States

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 7. Social Control Theories of Deviance
Introduction

 
Development of Social Control Theory

 
Contemporary Additions to Social Control Theory

 
Application of Social Control Theories

 
Critiques of Social Control Theories

 
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Social Control Theories

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Teenage Homelessness and Medical Deviance by Doctors

 
Ideas in Action: Homeboy Industries

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 8. Labeling Theory
Introduction

 
Development of Labeling Theory

 
How the Labeling Process Works

 
Labeling and Mental Illness

 
Labeling and Delinquency

 
Application of Labeling Theory

 
Impact of Labeling Theory

 
Critiques of Labeling Theory

 
Global Perspectives on Labeling Theory

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Considering Drinking—and Not Drinking—on College Campuses

 
Ideas in Action: The “I Have a Dream” Foundation—Instilling Positive Labels

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 9. Marxist and Conflict Theories of Deviance
Introduction

 
Development of Marxist Theory

 
Development of Conflict Theory

 
Applications of Marxist and Conflict Theories

 
Critiques of Marxist and Conflict Theories

 
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Marxist/Conflict Theories

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Human Trafficking: Crossing Boundaries and Borders

 
Ideas in Action: What Can Be Done About Human Trafficking?

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 10. Critical Theories of Deviance
Introduction

 
Development of Feminist Criminology

 
Development of Critical Race Theory

 
Development of Peacemaking

 
Critiques of Critical Theories

 
Global Perspectives on Deviance and Critical Theories

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: The Cases of Pornography and Illegal Governmental Surveillance

 
Ideas in Action: Navajo Peacemaking and Domestic Violence

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 11. Societal Responses to Deviance
Introduction

 
Medicalization of Deviant Behavior

 
Policing, Supervision, and the Impact of Incarceration on Disadvantaged Populations and Communities

 
Total Institutions

 
Correctional Facilities and the Purposes of Punishment

 
Gresham Sykes and the Pains of Imprisonment

 
Juvenile Correctional Facilities

 
Reentry: Challenges in Returning to the Community After Time in an Institution

 
Public Fear and Social Control: The Case of Sex Offenders

 
Collateral Consequences: Effects on Communities and Families

 
Global Perspectives on the Social Control of Deviance

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Considering How Money Can Matter in Local Jails

 
Ideas in Action: College Programs in Prisons

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Chapter 12. Deviant Careers and Career Deviance
Introduction

 
Development of a Deviant Career and Career Deviance Approach

 
Getting Into Deviance: Onset of a Deviant Career

 
Risk and Protective Factors for Onset

 
Escalation, Persistence, and Specialization in Deviance

 
Sex Offenders: Generalists or Specialists?

 
The Case of Drinking and Driving

 
Summary of Career Deviance: Specialists or Generalists?

 
Getting Out of the Game: Desistance From Career Deviance

 
Explaining Deviance in the Streets and Deviance in the Suites: Street Prostitutes Versus Elite Prostitutes

 
Global Perspectives on Cross-Cultural Interest in Deviant Careers and Career Deviance

 
Ideas in Action: Programs and Policy From a Career Deviance and Deviant Career Perspective

 
Conclusion

 
Exercises and Discussion Questions

 
Key Terms

 
 
Glossary
 
References and Additional Reading
 
Index

Supplements

Instructor Resource Site
 study.sagepub.com/inderbitzinpdsc2e

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word test bank, is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provide a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity to edit any question and/or insert your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer complete flexibility for creating a multimedia presentation for your course.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for structuring your courses.
  • Lively and stimulating chapter activities that can be used in class (for individual or group projects) to reinforce active learning.
  • Video and multimedia links that appeal to students with different learning styles.
  • Chapter activities reinforce important content and help launch classroom interaction by prompting students to engage with the material.
  • Exclusive access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.

 

Student Study Site

 The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards strengthen understanding of key terms and concepts.
  • Mobile-friendly practice quizzes allow for independent assessment by students of their mastery of course material.
  • Exclusive access to full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected to support and expand on the concepts presented in each chapter is included.
  • Video and multimedia links that appeal to students with different learning styles.

“This is a comprehensive textbook that covers many of today’s theories used to explain deviance. It is easy to read and understand. A well written textbook.”

Egbert Zavala
The University of Texas at El Paso

“This text is both student friendly and instructor friendly. It is current, comprehensive, and application based. Though this text is also a sociological examination of deviance and social control, it is organized in a way that compliments criminal justice courses. I very much like the application proposed in this text.”

Dorinda L. Dowis
Columbus State University

“In lieu of spending specific chapters on specific deviant behaviors, the supplementary pedagogical materials embedded in the book fulfil this aspect without taking up room for the theoretical coverage, which is the primary purpose of the book. In other words, the book is grounded in theory and uses innovative pedagogies to illustrate the practicality of the theories. It is very well and clearly written, includes uniquely well illustrated content, the chapters are short but comprehensive, and it includes a critical and analytical approach to theories of deviance.”

Joachim Kibirige
Missouri Western State University

“…written in a lively, readable style. The textbook also integrates how theory and research are used to develop each other and how that can lead to social policies.”

Michael J. O’Connor
Upper Iowa University

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