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Ethnography
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Ethnography

Four Volume Set
Edited by:


© 2001 | 1 680 pages | SAGE Publications Ltd
Ethnography is one of the most discussed research methods in the social sciences. This outstanding collection brings together some landmark contributions by key figures such as Geertz, Denzin, Whyte, Emerson and Atkinson and Delamont, and a wide variety of issues in the field. It provides a complete guide to the methods, significance and contribution of ethnography and will be an invaluable resource for scholars and students.

Volume 1: The Nature of Ethnography

This volume explores the roots of ethnography in Anthropology and Sociology. Contributions include: G W Stocking on the fieldwork tradition in British anthropology from Tyler to Malinowski; Edmund Leach on the roots and future of tribal ethnography; Boas on methods of ethnology; E E Evans Pritchard on the practice of fieldwork; Wax on Malinowski; James Urry on the contribution of field methods in anthropology; Lofland on the Chicago Legacy; Jennifer Platt on participant observation in sociology; W F Whyte on the application of participant observation; J M Champoulie on Everett Hughes's approach to fieldwork; Sara Delamont and Paul Atkinson on educational ethnography; S Porter on critical realist ethnography; Clifford Geertz on the native's point of view; R L Gold on the ethnographic method in sociology; K Narayan on `native' anthropology and Jack Katz on ethnography's warrants.

Volume 2: Ethnographic Fieldwork Practice

This volume explores the application and uses of ethnography. The material is organized into sections on the nature of ethnographic practice, access and entry, sampling, fieldwork roles, fieldwork relationships, informants, fieldnotes, interviewing and leaving the field.

Included here are contributions from J M Heslin on studying deviance; R M Emerson on the craft of fieldwork; H F Wolcott on methods of ethnography; D Serber on ethnography and bureaucracy; Richard Giulianotti on the use of ethnographic research methods in researching football hooliganism; M Q Patton and M R Luborsky and R L Rubinstein on sampling in qualitative research; R L Gold on sociological roles in field observation; D A Snow, R D Benford and I L Anderson on fieldwork roles and informational yield; S M Miller on the participant observer; R B Everhart on long term fieldwork in schools; J Dubisch on sex and the female anthropologist; J Cassell on the relationship between the observer and observed; W Shaffir on doing ethnography; J Van Maanen on the informant's game; M Shokied on anthropologists and their informants; R Sanjek on vocabularies of fieldnotes; N Rapport on writing fieldnotes; J E Jackson on fieldnotes and liminality; J R Spradley on the ethnographic interview; C L Biggs on the role of the interview in fieldwork; D Snow on the disengagement process and C Gallmeier on leaving, revisiting and staying in touch.

Volume 3: Issues in Ethnography

This volume is devoted to research and theory issues in the field. The material is divided into sections on gender, feminist ethnography, validation questions, relating ethnography to quantitative research; team ethnography; documents; the visual image; ethical issues; replication and re-study.

The contributions include: L Nader on emotions in fieldwork; C Warren and P Rasmussen on sex and gender in fieldwork research; N McKeganey and M Bloor on male gender and fieldwork relations; J Stacey on the possibility of feminist ethnography; B Skeggs on situating feminist ethnography; M LeCompte and J Goetz on problems of reliability and validity; R Emerson and M Pollner on quality criteria in qualitative interpretive research; W F Whyte on research methods for the study of conflict and co-operation; D Miller et al on the combination of quantitative and qualitative research in a study of shopping, place and identity; R C Rist on team ethnography; L Belgrave and K Smith on negotiated validity in collaborative ethnography; P Lemonnier on material culture and ethnography; P Atkinson and A Coffey on analyzing documentary data; D Harper on the visual ethnographic narrative; P Loizos on video, film and photographs in research documents; D M Fetterman on ethnographic educational evaluation; A M Johannsen on applied ethnography and postmodernist ethnography; J Cassell on ethical principles in fieldwork; G Fine on moral dilemmas in field research; A Hunter on the Gold Coast and Slum revisited; K G Heider on disagreements among ethnographers; and A Bryman on the Mead/Freeman controversy.

Volume 4: Analysis and Writing in Ethnography

The final volume contains sections on reflexivity in ethnography; auto-ethnography; interpreting ethnographic data; managing ethnographic data; analyzing ethnographic data; revisiting ethnographic data; ethnography as text; and the limits of ethnography.

Contributions include: M Clarke on survival in the field; I Karp and M B Kendall on reflexivity in fieldwork; L Ellingson on empathy, identification and reflexivity in fieldwork; D M Hayano on auto-ethnography; C Ellis on auto-ethnographic stories; J D Brewer on the ethnographic critique of ethnography; J Ennew on facts in fieldwork; E R Bruner on ethnography as narrative; A Johnson and O R Johnson on the measurement potential of ethnography fieldnotes; D L Altheide on ethnographic content analysis; R M Lee and N G Fielding on users' experience of qualitative data analysis software; J Katz on the social system of analytic fieldwork; K Charmaz on using grounded theory; R M Emerson et al on processing fieldnotes; P Atkinson on reading writing and rhetoric in ethnography; M S Mauthner et al on archiving and revisiting qualitative data; C Geertz on anthropology and the science of writing; S Tyler on post-modern ethnography; M Hammersley on the rhetorical turn in ethnography; N Denzin on the facts of fictions in qualitative inquiry; F and I Ingersoll on oral history and grounded theory and M Punch on limitations and liabilities in fieldwork.

This is an unparalleled resource for researchers and students interested in ethnography. Nothing compares with it in terms of ambition or content. It is the distillation of the key achievements and issues in the ethnographic tradition.

 
VOLUME ONE: THE NATURE OF ETHNOGRAPHY
A Bryman
Introduction
A Review of Ethnography  
 
PART ONE: ANTHROPOLOGICAL BEGINNINGS
G W Stocking
The Ethnographer's Magic
Fieldwork in British Anthropology from Tylor to Malinowski  
E R Leach
Tribal Ethnography
Past, Present and Future  
F Boas
The Methods of Ethnology
E E Evans-Pritchard
Some Reminiscences and Reflection on Fieldwork
M L Wax
Tenting with Malinowski
J Urry
Notes and Queries on Anthropology and the Development of Field Methods in British Anthropology, 1870-1920
 
PART TWO: SOCIOLOGICAL BEGINNINGS
L H Lofland
Understanding Urban Life
The Chicago Legacy  
J Platt
The Development of the `Participant Observation' Method in Sociology
Origin Myth and History  
W F Whyte
On Making the Most of Participant Observation
J M Champoulie
Everett C Hughes and the Development of Fieldwork in Sociology
 
PART THREE: TRADITIONS IN ETHNOGRAPHY
C O Frake
Notes on Queries in Ethnography
S Delamont and P Atkinson
The Two Traditions of Educational Ethnography
Sociology and Anthropology Compared  
S Porter
Critical Realist Ethnography
The Case of Racism and Professionalism in a Medical Setting  
 
PART FOUR: EPISTEMOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY
C Geertz
From the Native's Point of View
On the Nature of Anthropological Understanding  
F A Salamone
Epistemological Implications of Fieldwork and Their Consequences
R L Gold
The Ethnographic Method in Sociology
K Narayan
How Native Is a `Native' Anthropologist?
J Katz
Ethnography's Warrants
 
VOLUME TWO: ETHNOGRAPHIC FIELDWORK PRACTICE
 
PART ONE: THE NATURE OF ETHNOGRAPHIC PRACTICE
J M Henslin
Studying Deviance in Four Settings
Research Experiences with Cabbies, Suicides, Drug Users and Abortionees  
R M Emerson
Four Ways to Improve the Craft of Fieldwork
H F Wolcott
Making a Study `More Ethnographic'
 
PART TWO: ACCESS AND ENTRY
D Serber
The Masking of Social Reality
Ethnographic Fieldwork in the Bureaucracy  
R Giulianotti
Participant Observation and Research into Football Hooliganism
Reflections on the Problems of Entr[ac]ee and Everyday Risks  
 
PART THREE: SAMPLING IN ETHNOGRAPHY
M Q Patton
Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods
M R Luborsky and R L Rubinstein
Sampling in Qualitative Research
Rationale, Issues and Methods  
 
PART FOUR: FIELDWORK ROLES
R L Gold
Roles in Sociological Field Observation
D A Snow, R D Benford and L Anderson
Fieldwork Roles and Informational Yield
A Comparison of Alternative Settings and Roles  
 
PART FIVE: ETHNOGRAPHIC FIELDWORK RELATIONSHIPS
S M Miller
The Participant Observer and Over-Rapport
R B Everhart
Between Stranger and Friend
Some Consequences of `Long-Term' Fieldwork in Schools  
J Dubisch
Lovers in the Field
Sex, Dominance and the Female Anthropologist  
J Cassell
The Relationship of Observer to Observed When Studying up
W Shaffir
Doing Ethnography
Reflections on Finding Your Way  
 
PART SIX: INFORMANTS
J Van Maanen
The Informant Game
M Shokeid
Anthropologists and Their Informants
 
PART SEVEN: FIELDNOTES
R Sanjek
A Vocabulary for Fieldnotes
N Rapport
Writing Fieldnotes
The Conventionalities of Note-Taking in the Field  
J E Jackson
D[ac]ej[gr]a Entendu
The Liminal Qualities of Anthropological Fieldnotes  
 
PART EIGHT: INTERVIEWING IN ETHNOGRAPHY
J R Spradley
Step Two
Interviewing an Informant  
C L Briggs
Questions for the Ethnographer
A Critical Examination of the Role of the Interview in Fieldwork  
S Kleinman, B Stenross and M McMahon
Privileging Fieldwork over Interviewing
Consequences for Identity and Practice  
 
PART NINE: LEAVING THE FIELD
D Snow
The Disengagement Process
A Neglected Problem in Participant Observation Research  
C Gallmeier
Leaving, Revisiting and Staying in Touch
Neglected Issues in Field Research  
 
VOLUME THREE: ISSUES IN ETHNOGRAPHY
 
PART ONE: GENDER IN THE FIELD
L Nader
From Anguish to Exultation
C Warren and P Rasmussen
Sex and Gender in Fieldwork Research
N McKeganey and M Bloor
Spotting the Invisible Man
The Influence of Male Gender on Fieldwork Relations  
 
PART TWO: FEMINIST ETHNOGRAPHY
J Stacey
Can There Be a Feminist Ethnography?
B Skeggs
Situating the Production of Feminist Ethnography
D Bell
Yes Virginia, There Is a Feminist Ethnography
Reflections from Three Australian Fields  
 
PART THREE: VALIDATING ETHNOGRAPHIC RESEARCH
M LeCompte and J Goetz
Problems of Reliability and Validity in Ethnographic Research
R M Emerson and M Pollner
On the Use of Members' Responses to Reseachers' Accounts
Y S Lincoln
Emerging Criteria for Quality in Qualitative and Interpretive Research
 
PART FOUR: COMBINING ETHNOGRAPHY WITH QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH
W F Whyte
Research Methods for the Study of Conflict and Cooperation
D Miller et al
The Combination of Quantitative and Qualitative Research in a Study of Shopping, Place and Identity
 
PART FIVE: TEAM ETHNOGRAPHY
R C Rist
Blitzkrieg Ethnography
On the Transformation of a Method into a Movement  
L L Belgrave and K J Smith
Negotiated Validity in Collaborative Ethnography
 
PART SIX: DOCUMENTS AND MATERIAL CULTURE
P Lemonnier
The Study of Material Culture Today
Towards an Anthropology of Technical Systems  
P Atkinson and A Coffey
Analyzing Documentary Realities
 
PART SEVEN: THE VISUAL IMAGE
D Harper
The Visual Ethnographic Narrative
P Loizos
Video, Film and Photographs as Research Documents
 
PART EIGHT: APPLYING ETHNOGRAPHY
D M Fetterman
Ethnographic Educational Evaluation
A M Johannsen
Applied Anthropology and Postmodernist Ethnography
 
PART NINE: ETHICAL ISSUES IN ETHNOGRAPHY
J Cassell
Ethical Principles for Conducting Fieldwork
G A Fine
Ten Lies of Ethnography
Moral Dilemmas in Field Research  
 
PART TEN: REPLICATION AND RE-STUDY IN ETHNOGRAPHY
A Hunter
The Gold Coast and the Slum Revisited
K G Heider
The Rashomon Effect
When Ethnographers Disagree  
A Bryman
The Mead/Freeman Controversy
Some Implications for Qualitative Researchers  
 
VOLUME FOUR: ANALYSIS AND WRITING IN ETHNOGRAPHY
 
PART ONE: REFLEXIVITY IN ETHNOGRAPHY: THE PERSONAL DIMENSION
M Clarke
Survival in the Field
Implications of Personal Experience in Fieldwork  
I Karp and M B Kendall
Reflexivity in Fieldwork
L Ellingson
`Then You Know How I Feel'
Empathy, Identification and Reflexivity in Fieldwork  
 
PART TWO: AUTO-ETHNOGRAPHY
D M Hayano
Auto-Ethnography
Paradigms, Problems and Prospects  
C Ellis
Exploring Loss through Auto-Ethnographic Inquiry
Auto-Ethnographic Stories, Co-Constructed Narratives and Interactive Interviews  
 
PART THREE: INTERPRETING ETHNOGRAPHIC DATA
J D Brewer
The Ethnographic Critique of Ethnography
Sectarianism in the RUC  
J Ennew
Examining the Facts in Fieldwork
Considerations of Method and Data  
E R Bruner
Ethnography as Narrative
 
PART FOUR: MANAGING ETHNOGRAPHIC DATA
A Johnson and O R Johnson
Quality into Quantity
On the Measurement Potential of Ethnography Fieldnotes  
D L Altheide
Ethnographic Content Analysis
R M Lee and N G Fielding
Users' Experiences of Qualitative Data Analysis Software
 
PART FIVE: ANALYZING ETHNOGRAPHIC DATA
J Katz
A Theory of Qualitative Methodology
The Social System of Analytic Fieldwork  
K Charmaz
`Discovering' Chronic Illness
Using Grounded Theory  
R M Emerson, R I Fretz and L L Shaw
Processing Fieldnotes
Coding and Memoing  
 
PART SIX: REVISITING ETHNOGRAPHIC DATA
P Atkinson
The Ethnography of a Medical Setting
Reading, Writing and Rhetoric  
N S Mauthner, O Parry and K Backett-Milburn
The Data Are out There, or Are They? Implications for Archiving and Revisiting Qualitative Data
 
PART SEVEN: ETHNOGRAPHY AS TEXT
C Geertz
Being There
Anthropology and the Science of Writing  
S A Tyler
Postmodern Ethnography
From Document of the Occult to Occult Document  
M Hammersley
The Rhetorical Turn in Ethnography
L Richardson
Educational Birds
N K Denzin
The Facts of Fictions in Qualitative Inquiry
 
PART EIGHT: THE LIMITS OF ETHNOGRAPHY
R Jenkins
Bringing It All Back Home
An Anthropologist in Belfast  
F Ingersoll and J Ingersoll
Both a Borrower and a Lender Be
Ethnography, Oral History and Grounded Theory  
M Punch
Researching Police Deviance
A Personal Encounter with the Limitations and Liabilities of Fieldwork  

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ISBN: 9780761970910
£645.00