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Criminal Courts
A Contemporary Perspective

Third Edition


© 2017 | 536 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc

“This is a well written, well arranged, and a very informative book.  It will definitely be an asset to students taking this course.”

Emil Moldovan, M.P.A., Radford University

 

Written by three nationally recognized experts in the field, Criminal Courts: A Contemporary Perspective explores all conventional topics (court structure, courtroom actors, and the trial and appeals process) as well as others seldom covered, such as specialty courts and the goals and functions of the law. This comprehensive and accessible approach allows instructors to cover all the “standard” material and offers the option to add selections they consider interesting and relevant to their particular course. This text will provide students with an understanding of the foundational concepts and enable them to hold a detailed discussion about the criminal courts system and the participants involved.

 

Packed with contemporary examples and new pedagogical tools, the Third Edition has been thoroughly revised with the most up-to-date content and resources to give students a more comprehensive understanding of the criminal courts system.

 

Additional instructor resources and study tools can be found online at study.sagepub.com/hemmens3e.

 
Preface
 
Acknowledgments
 
SECTION I: The Purpose and Structure of American Courts
 
CHAPTER 1: Introduction: Law and the Judicial Function
Why Study Courts?  
What Is Law?  
The Code of Hammurabi  
Two Opposing Perspectives: Consus and Conflict  
What Is the Relationship of Law to Justice?  
The Rule of Law  
Justice, the Law, and Packer’s Models of Criminal Justice  
Judicial Functions  
How Judges “Make Law”  
Development of the Common-Law System  
The Role of Courts in the Criminal Justice System  
 
CHAPTER 2: Sources of Law
Sources of Law  
Sources of Individual Rights  
Due Process and the 14th Amendment  
Standard of Review  
Incorporation of the Bill of Rights Into the 14th Amendment  
CHAPTER 3: Types of Law  
Types of Law: Criminal and Civil  
 
CHAPTER 4: Court Organization and Structure
Jurisdiction  
The Structure and Jurisdiction of U.S. Courts  
A Brief Historical Overview  
Federal Courts  
State Courts  
Court Actors  
Overview of the Criminal Process  
 
CHAPTER 5: Specialized Courts
Problem-Solving Courts  
Drug Treatment Courts  
Domestic Violence Courts  
Other Problem-Solving Courts  
Juvenile Courts  
 
SECTION II: Courtroom Actors and the Courtroom Workgroup
 
CHAPTER 6: Prosecutors
Historical Evolution of the American Prosecutor  
The Federal Prosecutor  
State Prosecutors  
The Prosecutor’s Duties  
Assistant Prosecutors at Work  
The Expansion of the Prosecutor’s Discretionary Power  
Prosecutorial Ethics and Misconduct  
Community Prosecution  
 
CHAPTER 7: Defense Attorneys
Defense Attorney’s Role in the Criminal Justice System  
Historical Development of the Right to Counsel  
Indigent Defense Systems  
Private Versus Appointed Counsel: Which Is Better?  
Effective Assistance of Counsel  
Ethics and Lawyer-Client Relationships  
Realities of Being a Defense Attorney  
 
CHAPTER 8: Judges
Roles and Duties of Judges  
Judicial Selection  
Judicial Socialization and Development  
Judicial Accountability and Judicial Independence  
Judicial Performance Evaluations  
Accountability for Judicial Misconduct  
 
CHAPTER 9: Criminal Defendants and Crime Victims
Criminal Defendants  
Victims and the Criminal Courts  
 
CHAPTER 10: The Jury
History of Jury Trials  
The Role of the Jury  
Limits on the Right to Trial by Jury  
Jury Size and Unanimity Requirements  
The Selection of Jurors  
Reforms to the Jury System  
Jury Nullification  
 
SECTION III: Court Processes
 
CHAPTER 11: Pretrial Procedures
Arrest  
Booking  
The Charging Decision  
Information  
Indictment  
Initial Appearance  
Arraignment  
Discovery  
Pretrial Motions  
Plea Bargaining  
Jury Selection  
 
CHAPTER 12: The Criminal Trial
Opening Statements  
The Presentation of Evidence  
Calling Witnesses  
Evidence and Rules of Evidence  
Closing Arguments  
Instructing the Jury  
Jury Deliberations and Verdict  
 
CHAPTER 13: Sentencing
The Goals of Sentencing  
The Judge’s Options at Sentencing  
How Do Judges Decide? Modeling the Sentencing Process  
 
CHAPTER 14: The Appellate Process
Appealing to a Higher Court  
The Appellate Courts  
The “Right” to Appeal  
The Writ of Habeas Corpus  
How Do Appellate Courts Decide?  
 
Glossary
 
References/Future Reading
 
Case Index
 
General Index
 
About the Authors

Supplements

Instructor Teaching Site

Password-protected Instructor Resources include the following:

  • A Microsoft® Word® test bank is available containing multiple choice, true/false, short answer, and essay questions for each chapter. The test bank provides you with a diverse range of pre-written options as well as the opportunity for editing any question and/or inserting your own personalized questions to effectively assess students’ progress and understanding.
  • Editable, chapter-specific PowerPoint® slides offer you complete flexibility in easily creating a multimedia presentation for your course. 
  • Lecture notes summarize key concepts on a chapter-by-chapter basis to help with preparation for lectures and class discussions.
  • Sample course syllabi for semester and quarter courses provide suggested models for use when creating the syllabi for your courses.
  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Carefully selected, web-based video resources feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics. When relevant, related questions for discussion are included.
  • Multimedia resources are included for further research and insights. 
Student Study Site

The open-access Student Study Site includes the following:

  • EXCLUSIVE! Access to certain full-text SAGE journal articles that have been carefully selected for each chapter. Each article supports and expands on the concepts presented in the chapter. This feature also provides questions to focus and guide student interpretation. Combine cutting-edge academic journal scholarship with the topics in your course for a robust classroom experience.
  • Carefully selected, web-based video resources feature relevant interviews, lectures, personal stories, inquiries, and other content for use in independent or classroom-based explorations of key topics. When relevant, related questions for discussion are included.
  • Multimedia resources are included for further research and insights. 
  • Mobile-friendly eFlashcards reinforce understanding of key terms and concepts that have been outlined in the chapters.
  • Mobile-friendly web quizzes allow for independent assessment of progress made in learning course material.

“This book is very well written, informative, to the point, and discusses the courts from a general perspective…The authors are scholars in the field, and their work has been and will be respected for years to come. The ancillary resources are very helpful, detailed, and in abundance.”

Mai E. Naito
University of West Georgia

“This text is both affordable for students and presents material in an easy to understand format.  The boxes on research articles present students with summaries of research on court processing without overwhelming lower-level undergraduates with entire articles to read.  The boxes with high profile cases help students apply the concepts covered in a chapter to real-life examples.  Finally, the course site has excellent resources for both students and instructors.”

Danielle M. Romain
University of Wisconsin – Milwaukee

“Material covered in a balanced way…Great pedagogical features and illustrations”

Elizabeth Perkins
Morehead State University

“This is a well written, well arranged, and a very informative book.  It will definitely be an asset to students taking this course.”

Emil Moldovan, M.P.A.,
Radford University

Sample Materials & Chapters

Chapter 5

Chapter 12


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Paperback
ISBN: 9781506306575
£96.00