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Cognitive Science - International Student Edition

Cognitive Science - International Student Edition
An Introduction to the Study of Mind

Fourth Edition

November 2021 | 568 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
Cognitive Science provides a comprehensive and up-to-date introduction to the study of the mind. The authors examine the mind from the perspective of different fields, including philosophy, psychology, neuroscience, networks, evolution, emotional and social cognition, linguistics, artificial intelligence, robotics, and the new framework of embodied cognition. Each chapter focuses on a particular disciplinary approach and explores methodologies, theories, and empirical findings. Substantially updated with new and expanded content, the Fourth Edition reflects the latest research in this rapidly evolving field.
About the Authors
CHAPTER 1. Introduction: Exploring Mental Space
A Brave New World

What Is Cognitive Science?



The Interdisciplinary Perspective

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 1

CHAPTER 2. The Philosophical Approach: Enduring Questions
What Is Philosophy?

Chapter Overview

The Mind–Body Problem: What Is Mind?



Functionalism: Are Minds Limited to Brains?

The Knowledge Acquisition Problem: How Do We Acquire Knowledge?

The Mystery of Consciousness: What Is Consciousness and How Does It Operate?

Evaluating the Emergent View of Mind

Overall Evaluation of the Philosophical Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 2

CHAPTER 3. The Psychological Approach: A Profusion of Theories
What Is Psychology?

Psychology and the Scientific Method

Intelligence Tests

Mental Atoms, Mental Molecules, and a Periodic Table of the Mind: The Voluntarist Movement

Structuralism: What the Mind Is

Functionalism: What the Mind Does

The Whole Is Greater Than the Sum of Its Parts: Mental Physics and the Gestalt Movement

Mini Minds: Mechanism and Psychoanalytic Psychology

Mind as a Black Box: The Behaviorist Approach

Overall Evaluation of the Psychological Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 3

CHAPTER 4. The Cognitive Approach I: Vision, Pattern Recognition, and Attention
Some History First: The Rise of Cognitive Psychology

The Cognitive Approach: Mind as an Information Processor

Modularity of Mind

Theories of Vision and Pattern Recognition: How Do We Recognize Objects?

Theories of Attention: How Do We Pay Attention?

Evaluating the Model-Building Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 4

CHAPTER 5. The Cognitive Approach II: Memory, Imagery, Concepts, and Problem Solving
Types of Memory: How Do We Remember?

Memory Models

Concepts: How Do We Represent Our Knowledge of Concepts?

Problem Solving: How Do We Solve Problems?

Overall Evaluation of the Cognitive Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 5

CHAPTER 6. The Neuroscience Approach: Mind as Brain
The Neuroscience Perspective

Methodology in Neuroscience

The Small Picture: Neuron Anatomy and Physiology

The Big Picture: Brain Anatomy

The Neuroscience of Visual Object Recognition

The Neuroscience of Attention

The Neuroscience of Memory

The Neuroscience of Executive Function and Problem Solving

Overall Evaluation of the Neuroscience Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 6

CHAPTER 7. The Network Approach: Mind as a Web
The Network Perspective

Artificial Neural Networks

Characteristics of Artificial Neural Networks

Early Conceptions of Neural Networks


Evaluating the Connectionist Approach

Semantic Networks: Meaning in the Web

Network Science

Overall Evaluation of the Network Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 7

CHAPTER 8. The Evolutionary Approach: Change Over Time
The Evolutionary View

A Little Background: Natural Selection and Genetics

Comparative Cognition

Evolutionary Psychology

Evaluating Evolutionary Psychology

Overall Evaluation of the Evolutionary Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 8

CHAPTER 9. The Linguistic Approach: Language and Cognitive Science
The Linguistic Approach: The Importance of Language

The Nature of Language

Language Processing

Language Acquisition

Language Deprivation

Language Use in Nonhuman Animals

Neuroscience and Linguistics: The Wernicke–Geschwind Model

Artificial Intelligence and Linguistics: Natural Language Processing

Overall Evaluation of the Linguistic Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 9

CHAPTER 10. The Emotional Approach: Mind as Emotion
Emotion and Cognitive Science

What Is Emotion?

Theories of Emotion

Basic Emotions

Emotions, Evolution, and Psychological Disorders

Emotions and Neuroscience

Hot and Cold: Emotion–Cognition Interactions

Emotions and Artificial Intelligence: Affective Computing

Overall Evaluation of the Emotional Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 10

CHAPTER 11. The Social Approach: Mind as Society
Social Cognition

Social Cognitive Neuroscience

Topics in Social Cognitive Neuroscience

Is Social Cognitive Neuroscience Special?

Advantages of the Social Cognitive Neuroscience Approach

Theory of Mind

Other Social Cognitive Disorders






Overall Evaluation of the Social Approach

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 11

CHAPTER 12. The Artificial Intelligence Approach I: The Computer as a Cognitive Entity
Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence

Defining AI

Practical AI

The Legacies of Turing and Zadeh

Intelligent Agents That Think, Learn, and Make Decisions

Fundamental Concepts of the IA

Learning Experiences

Artificial General Intelligence

Reverse Engineering the Brain

Assessment of AI and AGI

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 12

CHAPTER 13. The Artificial Intelligence Approach II: Embedded Intelligence and Robotics
Mechanical Beginnings

Embodied Cognitive Science

Robotic Embodied Intelligence

The Intelligent Agent Paradigm

Evolutionary Embodiments: The Merger of Human Cognitive Behavior, Biology, and Intelligent Agents

Robotic Embodiments

Robotic Realizations

Cooperating Intelligent Agents and Swarming

Machine–Human Interactions

Overall Evaluation of Embedded Intelligence

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 13

CHAPTER 14. The Embodied Ecological Approach: A Dynamic Future for Cognitive Science?
Embodied and Extended Cognition

Perceptual Symbol Systems and Motor Affordances

Perceptual Simulations

Dynamical Systems Theory

Dynamical Representation

Dynamical Versus Classical Cognitive Science

Ecological and Extended Cognition

Integrating Cognitive Science

The Benefits of Cognitive Science

The Future

Summing Up: A Review of Chapter 14



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ISBN: 9781071853917