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Career, Work, and Mental Health

Career, Work, and Mental Health
Integrating Career and Personal Counseling

June 2008 | 288 pages | SAGE Publications, Inc
In this text, Vernon Zunker integrates career counselling/development with mental health counselling. The book builds on the growing recognition that career counselling cannot be viewed in isolation of mental health issues; an individual needs to viewed as a whole person whose psyche and mental health are delicately intertwined. The first part of the book provides a solid foundation on career theory and development, and the second part deals with how mental health and career issues are intertwined and how a career counselor or mental health counselor can intervene.

The book is practical in nature, offering specific interventions to deal with counseling individuals with career and personal concerns. The idea that mental health and career counseling should be more closely tied together is gaining prominence. Historically career guidance and counseling has been taught separately focusing on career development theories and application. It is now becoming more obvious that career issues are closely tied to mental health and visa versa and thus the timing is right for this book's release.

1. Introduction
Some Perspectives of Personal and Career Development Counseling

Multidimensional Influences Shape Behavior

Focusing on Multiple Life Roles

The Pervasive Nature of Psychological Disorders

The Pervasive Nature of Work Stress

The Case for Each Client's Cognitive Schemas

Recognizing and Uncovering Constraints of Career Choice

Cultural diversity and Acculturation


Supplementary Learning Exercises

2. Career Development theories - An Overview
Career Development Theories

Trait Oriented Theories

Trait Oriented Theories in Perspective

Social Learning and Cognitive Theories

Social Learning and cognitive Theories in Perspectives

Developmental Theories of Career Choice

Developmental Theories of Career Choice in Perspective

Person-in-Environment Perspective

Summary of Career Development Theory Perspectives


Supplementary Learning Exercises

3. Career Counseling Practices
A Learning Theory of Career Counseling

Intake Interview

Using Assessment Results for Career Counseling


Whole Person Approach to Career and Personal Concerns


Supplementary Learning Exercises

4. Constraints Effecting Career Choice and Development
Model of American Class Structure

Socioeconomic Status (SES)

Social Class and Socialization

Potential Career Choice Constraints

Self-Efficacy for Effective Behavior


Supplementary Learning Exercises

5. Career Choice and Development and the Changing Nature of Work
Initial Career Choice-The Shaping Process

Career Choice Perspectives From Career Development Theories

Career Choice-Central Component of a Person's Identity

Economic Restructuring

A Prevalent Career Model-Boundaryless Careers

Contract Breach

Some Career Barriers


Supplementary Learning Exercises

6. Depression and its Impact on Career Development
Biopsychosocial Model

Development of Mood Disorder-Depression

Biological Dimensions

Psychological Dimensions

Learned Helplessness and Depression

Social and Cultural Dimensions

The Career Counseling Connection


Supplementary Learning Exercises

7. Other Mental Health and Career Concerns
Concerns Associated with Apprehension and Fear

Some Causes of Anxiety Disorders

Intervention Strategies

Concerns Associated with Fear of Social Situations and Being Around Others

Influences That Can Lead to Social Phobic Behavior

Effective Interventions

Fear of Health Problems That are Non-Existent

Effective Interventions

Substance-Related Disorders

Some Causes of Substance Abuse

Effective Interventions

Biological Interventions

Psychological Interventions

Social Interventions

The Career Work Connection


Some Causes of Schizophrenia



Supplementary Learning Exercises

8. Cultural Diversity Dimensions
Some Perspectives on Culture

Culturally Developed Cognitive Schemas

The Cultural Self and its Career Development Implications

Focus on Some Different Worldviews in the Helping Process

Family Views

Competition versus Cooperation

Communication Styles

Locus of Control

Some Mental Issues of Cultural Groups

Abnormality: Universal and Culture Specific Factors

Anxiety Disorders

Mood Disorder-Depression

Personality Disorders


Somatoform Disorders


Supplementary Learning Exercises

9. Personality Development, Disorders and its Impact on Career
Some Personality Factors in Perspective

Secure Relationships

Personal Goals

Gender and Cultural Diversity Issues

Personality Disorders

Class A Personality Disorders

Class A Personality Disorders in Perspective

Class B Personality Disorders

Class B Personality Disorders in Perspective

Class C Personality Disorders

Class C Personality Disorders in Perspective

An Overview of Personality Disorders


Supplementary Learning Exercises

10. Assessing Personality Development Through Personality Inventories
Personality Factors From the 16 PF Questionnaire

Global or Second-Order Factors

An Integrative Perspective

The NEO-Personality Inventory-Revised

Some Big Factor Research Results

Implications for Interventions From the Neo-PI-R Profile

Personality-Outcome Relationships


Supplementary Learning Exercises

11. Work Stress
Stress Process From an Interactionist Viewpoint

Type A Behavior

Job Stressors

Work Overload


Under and Over Promotion


Electronic Performance Monitoring

Work Stressors in Specific Occupations

Dimensions of Psychological Well Being and Good Mental Health

Work/Family Stress

Coping Strategies to Reduce Effects of Stress



Social Support

Cultural Diversity Issues


Supplementary Learning Exercises

12. Interventions and Case Studies
Cognitive-Behavioral Techniques

Problem Solving

Assertiveness Training and Behavioral Rehearsal

Systematic Desensitization


Cognitive Schemas

Ellis's A-B-C Theory of Personality

Self-Enhancing Thoughts

Homework Assignments

Behavior Changes by Meichenbaum

Stress Inoculation Training

The Case of John, A Very Anxious Person

The Case of Corrina, A Hypochondriac

The Case of Yolanda With Symptoms of a Borderline Personality Disorder


Supplementary Learning Exercises

Appendix A: Acculturation Scales
Appendix B: The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV-TR) Classification System (APA, 2000)
Name Index
Subject Index
About the Author

Needed a more career focused text with career theories for NCE preparation.

Mrs Rachael Anderson
Marriage and Family Therapy, Sioux Falls Seminary
March 4, 2015

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