You are here

Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin

Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin

Published in Association with Calcutta Statistical Association

eISSN: 24566462 | ISSN: 00080683 | Current volume: 73 | Current issue: 1 Frequency: Bi-annually
Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin (CSAB) is the official peer-reviewed journal of Calcutta Statistical Association (CSA) which was founded in 1945. The journal has been publishing regularly since (1947(August)) and is published biannually. It is an international journal devoted to reporting significant original contributions in both theory and applications of statistics and probability. The international editorial board of the journal is comprised of scientists with interests in applied, computational, methodological and theoretical aspects of probability and statistics. It ensures that the journal provides an international forum for the discipline of Statistics and Probability.

This journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

The journal’s emphasis is on publishing papers containing original research in the field of statistics and probability theory that has direct or potential real-life applications. The journal seeks papers making important contributions that are of interest to a broad group of readers than to a highly specialized group. Original contributions in the interface of statistics and other fields are also published.

Founding Editor
Editor
Tathagata Bandyopadhyay Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad, India
Coordinating Editor
Gaurangadeb Chattopadhyay Department of Statistics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Associate Editors
Subhash C Bagui Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of West Florida
Thorsten Dickhaus University of Bremen, Institute for Statistics, Germany
Bhaswati Ganguli Department of Statistics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Partha Lahiri Department of Mathematics, University of Maryland, Maryland, USA
Tapabrata Maiti Department of Statistics and Probability, Michigan State University, USA
Nabendu Pal Department of Mathematics, University of Louisiana at Lafayette, USA
Arindam Sengupta Department of Statistics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Members
Antar Bandyopadhyay Theoretical Statistics and Mathematics Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi, India
Moulinath Banerjee Department of Statistics, University of Michigan, USA
Ayanendranath Basu Interdisciplinary Statistical Research Unit, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Rahul Bhattacharya Department of Statistics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Atanu Biswas Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Mausumi Bose Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Kashinath Chatterjee Department of Biostatistics and Data Science, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta University, Georgia, USA
Kalyan Das Department of Statistics, University of Calcutta, India
Anup Dewanji Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Herwig Friedl Technical University Graz, Austria
Debashis Ghosh Department of Biostatistics and Informatics, Colorado School of Public Health, University of Colorado, USA
Subhashis Ghoshal Statistics Department, North Carolina State University, USA
Apratim Guha XLRI- Xavier School of Management, Jamshedpur, India
Wenge Guo Department of Mathematical Sciences, New Jersey Institute of Technology, USA
Wei-Liem Loh Department of Statistics and Applied Probability, National University of Singapore, Singapore
Bani K Mallick Statistics Department, Texas A&M University, USA
Rahul Mukerjee Indian Institute of Management Calcutta, Kolkata, India
Nitis Mukhopadhyay Department of Statistics, University of Connecticut, USA
Manisha Pal Department of Statistics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
B L S Prakasa Rao CR RAO Advanced Institute of Mathematics, Statistics & Computer Science, Hyderabad, India
Sreenivasan Ravi Department of Statistics, University of Mysore, India
Tapas Samanta Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India
Bimal K Sinha Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Maryland, USA
  • DeepDyve
  • Dutch-KB
  • Indian Citation Index (ICI)
  • J-Gate
  • OCLC
  • Ohio
  • Portico
  • ProQuest
  • UGC-CARE (GROUP I)
  • Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin

    This Journal is a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics

    Please read the guidelines below then visit the Journal’s submission site https://peerreview.sagepub.com/csa to upload your manuscript. Please note that manuscripts not conforming to these guidelines may be returned.

    Only manuscripts of sufficient quality that meet the aims and scope of Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin will be reviewed. 

    There are no fees payable to submit or publish in this Journal.

    As part of the submission process you will be required to warrant that you are submitting your original work, that you have the rights in the work, and that you have obtained and can supply all necessary permissions for the reproduction of any copyright works not owned by you, that you are submitting the work for first publication in the Journal and that it is not being considered for publication elsewhere and has not already been published elsewhere. 

    Please see our guidelines on prior publication and note that Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin will consider submissions of papers that have been posted on preprint servers; please alert the Editorial Office when submitting (contact details are at the end of these guidelines) and include the DOI for the preprint in the designated field in the manuscript submission system. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the preprint server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the Journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the Journal's author archiving policy.

    If your paper is accepted, you must include a link on your preprint to the final version of your paper.

    If you have any questions about publishing with SAGE, please visit the SAGE Journal Solutions Portal

    1. What do we publish?
    1.1 Aims & Scope
    1.2 Article types
    1.3 Writing your paper

    2. Editorial policies
    2.1 Peer review policy
    2.2 Authorship
    2.3 Acknowledgements
    2.4 Funding
    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests
    2.6 Research data

    3. Publishing policies
    3.1 Publication ethics
    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement
    3.3 Open access and author archiving

    4. Preparing your manuscript
    4.1 Formatting 
    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics
    4.3 Supplemental material
    4.4 Reference style
    4.5 English language editing services

    5. Submitting your manuscript
    5.1 ORCID
    5.2 Information required for completing your submission
    5.3 Permissions

    6. On acceptance and publication
    6.1 SAGE Production
    6.2 Online First publication
    6.3 Access to your published article
    6.4 Promoting your article

    7. Further information

    1. What do we publish?

    1.1 Aims & Scope

    Before submitting your manuscript to Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin, please ensure you have read the Aims & Scope.

    1.2 Article types

    The journal’s emphasis is on publishing papers containing original research in the field of statistics and probability theory that has direct or potential real-life applications. The journal seeks papers making important contributions that are of interest to a broad group of readers than to a highly specialized group. Original contributions in the interface of statistics and other fields are also published.

    An abstract of 150–200 words that must be self-contained, understandable and should be free from jargons, formulae, etc. In case of a research abstract, it should describe the purpose of the research, theoretical basis of the hypothesis, analyses and the implications of the findings.

    Four to six keywords should be provided beneath the abstract, specific to the article along with AMS classification codes.

    There is no limit on the number of references allowed.

    1.3 Writing your paper

    The SAGE Author Gateway has some general advice on how to get published, plus links to further resources.

    1.3.1 Make your article discoverable
    For information and guidance on how to make your article more discoverable, visit our Gateway page on How to Help Readers Find Your Article Online

    Return to Top

    2. Editorial policies

    2.1 Peer review policy

    Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin operates a conventional single-blind reviewing policy in which the reviewer’s name is always concealed from the submitting author.

    Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin is committed to delivering high quality, fast peer-review for your paper, and as such has partnered with Publons. Publons is a third party service that seeks to track, verify and give credit for peer review. Reviewers for [Journal] can opt in to Publons in order to claim their reviews or have them automatically verified and added to their reviewer profile. Reviewers claiming credit for their review will be associated with the relevant journal, but the article name, reviewer’s decision and the content of their review is not published on the site. For more information visit the Publons website.

    The Editor or members of the Editorial Board may occasionally submit their own manuscripts for possible publication in the Journal. In these cases, the peer review process will be managed by alternative members of the Board and the submitting Editor/Board member will have no involvement in the decision-making process.

    2.2 Authorship

    All parties who have made a substantive contribution to the article should be listed as authors. Principal authorship, authorship order, and other publication credits should be based on the relative scientific or professional contributions of the individuals involved, regardless of their status. A student is usually listed as principal author on any multiple-authored publication that substantially derives from the student’s dissertation or thesis.

    2.3 Acknowledgements

    All contributors who do not meet the criteria for authorship should be listed in an Acknowledgements section. Examples of those who might be acknowledged include a person who provided purely technical help, or a department chair who provided only general support.

    Please supply any personal acknowledgements separately to the main text to facilitate anonymous peer review.

    2.3.1 Writing assistance
    Individuals who provided writing assistance, e.g. from a specialist communications company, do not qualify as authors and so should be included in the Acknowledgements section. Authors must disclose any writing assistance – including the individual’s name, company and level of input – and identify the entity that paid for this assistance. It is not necessary to disclose use of language polishing services.

    2.4 Funding

    Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin requires all authors to acknowledge their funding in a consistent fashion under a separate heading. Please visit the Funding Acknowledgements page on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway to confirm the format of the acknowledgment text in the event of funding, or state that: This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. 

    2.5 Declaration of conflicting interests

    Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin encourages authors to include a declaration of any conflicting interests and recommends you review the good practice guidelines on the SAGE Journal Author Gateway

    Please ensure that a ‘Declaration of Conflicting Interests’ statement is included at the end of your manuscript, after any acknowledgements and prior to the references. If no conflict exists, please state that ‘The Author(s) declare(s) that there is no conflict of interest’.

    2.6. Research data

    At SAGE we are committed to facilitating openness, transparency and reproducibility of research. Where relevant, Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin encourages authors to share their research data in a suitable public repository subject to ethical considerations and where data is included, to add a data accessibility statement in their manuscript file. Authors should also follow data citation principles. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway, which includes information about SAGE’s partnership with the data repository Figshare.

    Return to Top

    3. Publishing Policies

    3.1 Publication ethics

    SAGE is committed to upholding the integrity of the academic record. We encourage authors to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics International Standards for Authors and view the Publication Ethics page on the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.1.1 Plagiarism
    Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin and SAGE take issues of copyright infringement, plagiarism or other breaches of best practice in publication very seriously. We seek to protect the rights of our authors and we always investigate claims of plagiarism or misuse of published articles. Equally, we seek to protect the reputation of the Journal against malpractice. Submitted articles may be checked with duplication-checking software. Where an article, for example, is found to have plagiarized other work or included third-party copyright material without permission or with insufficient acknowledgement, or where the authorship of the article is contested, we reserve the right to take action including, but not limited to: publishing an erratum or corrigendum (correction); retracting the article; taking up the matter with the head of department or dean of the author's institution and/or relevant academic bodies or societies; or taking appropriate legal action.

    3.1.2 Prior publication
    If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication. Please refer to the guidance on the SAGE Author Gateway or if in doubt, contact the Editor at the address given below.

    3.2 Contributor’s publishing agreement

    Before publication, SAGE requires the author as the rights holder to sign a Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement. SAGE’s Journal Contributor’s Publishing Agreement is an exclusive licence agreement which means that the author retains copyright in the work but grants SAGE the sole and exclusive right and licence to publish for the full legal term of copyright. Exceptions may exist where an assignment of copyright is required or preferred by a proprietor other than SAGE. In this case copyright in the work will be assigned from the author to the society. For more information please visit the SAGE Author Gateway.

    3.3 Open access and author archiving 

    Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin offers optional open access publishing via the SAGE Choice programme. For more information please visit the SAGE Choice website. For information on funding body compliance, and depositing your article in repositories, please visit SAGE Publishing Policies on our Journal Author Gateway.

    Return to Top

    4. Preparing your manuscript for submission

    4.1 Formatting

    The preferred format for your manuscript is Word. LaTeX files are also accepted. A LaTex template is available on the Manuscript Submission Guidelines page of our Author Gateway.

    The manuscript must include the following:

    • Title of the paper, name of author, author’s affiliation and institutional address with pin code, email id and abstract of not more than 150-200 words. In case there are two or more authors, then corresponding author’s name and postal address details must be clearly specified.
    • The contributors should provide 4–6 keywords for online searchability. 
    • Each section must be serially numbered as 1, 2, 3.. and 1.1, 1.2, 2.1.. and so on. 
    • Each equation must numbered with section wise numbering, like for example equation number (2.1), (2.2), (3.1) ..etc and so on.

    For each text citation there must be a corresponding citation in the reference list and for each reference list citation there must be a corresponding text citation. Tables should be provided in editable format. Both tables and figures should be referred to in the text by number separately (e.g., Table 1) not by placement (e.g., see Table below).

    All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The author(s)’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions.

    • British spellings throughout (‘labour’ not ‘labor’, ‘centre’ not ‘center’); universal ‘z’ in ‘-ize’ and ‘-ization’ words unless the root of the word itself has “s” in it, for example, “advertise”. For non-English and uncommon words and phrases, use italics throughout the text. Meaning of non-English words should be given in parentheses just after the word when it is used for the first time.
    • Articles should use non-sexist and non-racist language.
    • Use comma before and after “i.e.” and “e.g.” In the main text, “that is” and “for example” have to be used, preceded and followed by commas.
    • Spell out numbers from one to nine, 10 and above to remain in figures. However, for exact measurement (e.g., China’s GDP growth rate 9.8 per cent) use numbers. Very large round numbers, especially sums of money, may be expressed by a mixture of numerals and spelled-out numbers (India’s population 1.2 billion). Use thousands and millions, not lakhs and crores. Avoid saying ‘recently’ but rather give the year.
    • Use single quotes throughout. Double quotes should be used within double quotes. Spellings of words in quotations should not be changed. Quotations of 45 words or more should be separated from the text.
    • Notes should be numbered serially and presented at the end of article. Notes must contain more than a mere reference. However, mere URLs may be incorporated in the endnotes.
    • Use ‘per cent’ instead of % in the text. In tables, graphs, etc., % can be used. Use ‘twentieth century’, ‘the 1990s’.
    • Abbreviations are spelled out at first occurrence. Very common ones (US, GDP, BBC) need not be spelled out.

    References should come at the end of the manuscript. 

    4.2 Artwork, figures and other graphics

    For guidance on the preparation of illustrations, pictures and graphs in electronic format, please visit SAGE’s Manuscript Submission Guidelines

    • Figures, including maps, graphs and drawings, should not be larger than page size. They should be numbered and arranged as per their references in the text. All photographs and scanned images should have a resolution of minimum 300 dpi and 1,500 pixels and their format should be TIFF or JPEG. 
    • Due permissions should be taken for copyright protected photographs/images. Even for photographs/images available in the public domain, it should be clearly ascertained whether or not their reproduction requires permission for purposes of publishing (which is a profit-making endeavour).
    • All photographs/scanned images should be provided separately in a folder along with the main article.

    Please Note: All figures and tables should be cited in the text and should have the source (a specific URL, a reference or, if it is author’s own work, ‘The Author’) mentioned irrespective of whether or not they require permissions

    Figures supplied in colour will appear in colour online regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in colour in the printed version. For specifically requested colour reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from SAGE after receipt of your accepted article. 

    4.3 Supplemental material

    This Journal is able to host additional materials online (e.g. datasets, podcasts, videos, images etc) alongside the full-text of the article. For more information please refer to our guidelines on submitting supplemental files

    4.4 Reference style

    Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin adheres to the SAGE Vancouver reference style. View the SAGE Vancouver guidelines to ensure your manuscript conforms to this reference style.

    4.5 English language editing services

    Authors seeking assistance with English language editing, translation, or figure and manuscript formatting to fit the Journal’s specifications should consider using SAGE Language Services. Visit SAGE Language Services on our Journal Author Gateway for further information.

    Return to Top

    5. Submitting your manuscript

    Calcutta Statistical Association Bulletin is hosted on SAGE Track SAGE, a web based online submission and peer review system. Visit https://peerreview.sagepub.com/csa to login and submit your article online. 

    IMPORTANT: Please check whether you already have an account in the system before trying to create a new one. If you have reviewed or authored for the Journal in the past year it is likely that you will have had an account created.  

    5.1 ORCID

    As part of our commitment to ensuring an ethical, transparent and fair peer review process SAGE is a supporting member of ORCID, the Open Researcher and Contributor ID. ORCID provides a unique and persistent digital identifier that distinguishes researchers from every other researcher, even those who share the same name, and, through integration in key research workflows such as manuscript and grant submission, supports automated linkages between researchers and their professional activities, ensuring that their work is recognized. 

    The collection of ORCID IDs from corresponding authors is now part of the submission process of this Journal. If you already have an ORCID ID you will be asked to associate that to your submission during the online submission process. We also strongly encourage all co-authors to link their ORCID ID to their accounts in our online peer review platforms. It takes seconds to do: click the link when prompted, sign into your ORCID account and our systems are automatically updated. Your ORCID ID will become part of your accepted publication’s metadata, making your work attributable to you and only you. Your ORCID ID is published with your article so that fellow researchers reading your work can link to your ORCID profile and from there link to your other publications.

    If you do not already have an ORCID ID please follow this link to create one or visit our ORCID homepage to learn more.

    5.2 Information required for completing your submission

    You will be asked to provide contact details and academic affiliations for all co-authors via the submission system and identify who is to be the corresponding author. These details must match what appears on your manuscript. The affiliation listed in the manuscript should be the institution where the research was conducted. If an author has moved to a new institution since completing the research, the new affiliation can be included in a manuscript note at the end of the paper. At this stage please ensure you have included all the required statements and declarations and uploaded any additional supplementary files (including reporting guidelines where relevant).

    5.3 Permissions

    Please also ensure that you have obtained any necessary permission from copyright holders for reproducing any illustrations, tables, figures or lengthy quotations previously published elsewhere. For further information including guidance on fair dealing for criticism and review, please see the Copyright and Permissions page on the SAGE Author Gateway

    Return to Top

    6. On acceptance and publication

    6.1 SAGE Production

    Your SAGE Production Editor will keep you informed as to your article’s progress throughout the production process. Proofs will be made available to the corresponding author via email, and corrections should be made directly or notified to us promptly. Authors are reminded to check their proofs carefully to confirm that all author information, including names, affiliations, sequence and contact details are correct, and that Funding and Conflict of Interest statements, if any, are accurate. Please note that if there are any changes to the author list at this stage all authors will be required to complete and sign a form authorising the change.

    6.2 Online First publication 

    Online First allows final articles (completed and approved articles awaiting assignment to a future issue) to be published online prior to their inclusion in a journal issue, which significantly reduces the lead time between submission and publication. Visit the SAGE Journals help page for more details, including how to cite Online First articles.

    6.3 Access to your published article

    SAGE provides authors with online access to their final article.

    6.4 Promoting your article

    Publication is not the end of the process! You can help disseminate your paper and ensure it is as widely read and cited as possible. The SAGE Author Gateway has numerous resources to help you promote your work. Visit the Promote Your Article page on the Gateway for tips and advice.

    Return to Top

    7. Further information

    Manuscripts and all editorial correspondence should be addressed to the journal administrator at https://peerreview.sagepub.com/csa

    Individual Subscription, Print Only


    Institutional Subscription, E-access


    Institutional Subscription, Print Only


    Institutional Subscription, Combined (Print & E-access)


    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, E-access Plus Backfile (All Online Content)


    Institutional Subscription & Backfile Lease, Combined Plus Backfile (Current Volume Print & All Online Content)


    Institutional Backfile Purchase, E-access (Content through 1998)


    Individual, Single Print Issue


    Institutional, Single Print Issue


    ePlatform, Single Issue 24 hour E-access